ELARA Pharmaceuticals

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Wendt B.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Mulbaier M.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Wawro S.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Schultes C.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Inhibitors of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) represent promising anticancer therapeutics. We have identified a series of potent toluidinesulfonamide HIF-1 inhibitors. However, the series was threatened by a potential liability to inhibit CYP2C9 which could cause dangerous drug-drug interactions when being coadministered with other drugs. We used structure-activity data from the PubChem database to develop a topomer CoMFAmodel that guided the design of novel sulfonamides with high selectivity for HIF-1 over CYP2C9 inhibition. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Risinger A.L.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Westbrook C.D.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Encinas A.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Mulbaier M.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics | Year: 2011

Although several microtubule-targeting drugs are in clinical use, there remains a need to identify novel agents that can overcome the limitations of current therapies, including acquired and innate drug resistance and undesired side effects. In this study, we show that ELR510444 has potent microtubule-disrupting activity, causing a loss of cellular microtubules and the formation of aberrant mitotic spindles and leading to mitotic arrest and apoptosis of cancer cells. ELR510444 potently inhibited cell proliferation with an IC50 value of 30.9 nM in MDA-MB-231 cells, inhibited the rate and extent of purified tubulin assembly, and displaced colchicine from tubulin, indicating that the drug directly interacts with tubulin at the colchicine-binding site. ELR510444 is not a substrate for the P-glycoprotein drug transporter and retains activity in βIII-tubulin-overexpressing cell lines, suggesting that it circumvents both clinically relevant mechanisms of drug resistance to this class of agents. Our data show a close correlation between the concentration of ELR510444 required for inhibition of cellular proliferation and that required to cause significant loss of cellular microtubule density, consistent with its activity as a microtubule depolymerizer. ELR510444 also shows potent antitumor activity in the MDA-MB-231 xenograft model with at least a 2-fold therapeutic window. Studies in tumor endothelial cells show that a low concentration of ELR510444 (30 nM) rapidly alters endothelial cell shape, similar to the effect of the vascular disrupting agent combretastatin A4. These results suggest that ELR510444 is a novel microtubule-disrupting agent with potential antivascular effects and in vivo antitumor efficacy. Copyright © 2011 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


Toner A.P.,National University of Ireland | McLaughlin F.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Giles F.J.,National University of Ireland | Sullivan F.J.,National University of Ireland | And 8 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Background:Taxanes are routinely used for the treatment of prostate cancer, however the majority of patients eventually develop resistance. We investigated the potential efficacy of EL102, a novel toluidine sulphonamide, in pre-clinical models of prostate cancer.Methods:The effect of EL102 and/or docetaxel on PC-3, DU145, 22Rv1 and CWR22 prostate cancer cells was assessed using cell viability, cell cycle analysis and PARP cleavage assays. Tubulin polymerisation and immunofluorescence assays were used to assess tubulin dynamics. CWR22 xenograft murine model was used to assess effects on tumour proliferation. Multidrug-resistant lung cancer DLKPA was used to assess EL102 in a MDR1-mediated drug resistance background.Results:EL102 has in vitro activity against prostate cancer, characterised by accumulation in G2/M, induction of apoptosis, inhibition of Hif1, and inhibition of tubulin polymerisation and decreased microtubule stability. In vivo, a combination of EL102 and docetaxel exhibits superior tumour inhibition. The DLKP cell line and multidrug-resistant DLKPA variant (which exhibits 205 to 691-fold greater resistance to docetaxel, paclitaxel, vincristine and doxorubicin) are equally sensitive to EL102.Conclusion:EL102 shows potential as both a single agent and within combination regimens for the treatment of prostate cancer, particularly in the chemoresistance setting. © 2013 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.


Carew J.S.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Esquivel J.A.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Espitia C.M.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Schultes C.M.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is an attractive therapeutic target for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as its high expression due to the loss of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) promotes RCC progression. Considering this, we hypothesized that ELR510444, a novel orally available small molecule inhibitor of HIF activity, would reduce angiogenesis and possess significant activity in RCC. The mechanism of action and therapeutic efficacy of ELR510444 were investigated in in vitro and in vivo models of RCC. Principal Findings: ELR510444 decreased HIF-1α and HIF-2α levels, reduced RCC cell viability and clonogenic survival, and induced apoptosis. VHL-deficient RCC cells were more sensitive to ELR510444-mediated apoptosis and restoration of VHL promoted drug resistance. Higher concentrations of ELR51044 promoted apoptosis independently of VHL status, possibly due to the microtubule destabilizing properties of this agent. ELR510444 significantly reduced tumor burden in the 786-O and A498 RCC xenograft models. These effects were associated with increased necrosis and apoptosis and inhibition of angiogenesis. Conclusions: ELR510444 is a promising new HIF inhibitor that reduced RCC cell viability, induced apoptosis, and diminished tumor burden in RCC xenograft models. ELR510444 also destabilized microtubules suggesting that it possesses vascular disrupting and anti-angiogenic properties. Further investigation of ELR510444 for the therapy of RCC is warranted. © 2012 Carew et al.


Wendt B.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory EMBL | Wendt B.,ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Uhrig U.,Tripos International | Bos F.,Tripos International
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling | Year: 2011

Modeling off-target effects is one major goal of chemical biology, particularly in its applications to drug discovery. Here, we describe a new approach that allows the extraction of structure-activity relationships from large chemogenomic spaces starting from a single chemical structure. Several public source databases, offering a vast amount of data on structure and activity for a large number of different targets, have been investigated for their usefulness in automated structure-activity relationships (SAR) extraction. SAR tables were constructed by assembling similar structures around each query structure that have an activity record for a particular target. Quantitative series enrichment analysis (QSEA) was applied to these SAR tables to identify trends and to transform these trends into topomer CoMFA models. Overall more than 1700 SAR tables with topomer CoMFA models have been obtained from the ChEMBL, PubChem, and ChemBank databases. These models were able to highlight the structural trends associated with various off-target effects of marketed drugs, including cases where other structural similarity metrics would not have detected an off-target effect. These results indicate the usefulness of the QSEA approach, particularly whenever applicable with public databases, in providing a new means, beyond a simple similarity between ligand structures, to capture SAR trends and thereby contribute to success in drug discovery. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Inhibitors of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) represent promising anticancer therapeutics. We have identified a series of potent toluidinesulfonamide HIF-1 inhibitors. However, the series was threatened by a potential liability to inhibit CYP2C9 which could cause dangerous drug-drug interactions when being coadministered with other drugs. We used structure-activity data from the PubChem database to develop a topomer CoMFA model that guided the design of novel sulfonamides with high selectivity for HIF-1 over CYP2C9 inhibition.


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ELARA Pharmaceuticals | Entity website

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