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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.3-01 | Award Amount: 2.88M | Year: 2013

MISW (Mitigation of space weather threats to GNSS services) will tackle the research challenges associated with GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and Space Weather to bring practical solutions right into the forefront of European Industry. Space Weather can affect many modern technologies that we take for granted. One of the most common technologies found across many systems today is navigation and timing provided by the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The main users of GNSS positioning are reliant on the inherent accuracy that the system can provide but this is not adequate for all applications. Aviation has its own augmentation solution called a Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) and the European version is called EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service). These systems gather additional information that allows some mitigation of Space Weather Events. However, they are not yet able to work in the most challenging regions and as a consequence Space Weather disturbances to the ionised upper atmosphere (ionosphere) will cause navigation errors that remain uncompensated. MISW will research, develop and apply new solutions to compensate for ionospheric effects on GNSS. Measurements of actual extreme events will allow realistic estimates of the ionospheric delays and errors caused by scintillation. MISW will include the development of new mapping techniques to compensate for ionospheric delay and both system-level and receiver-level solutions to scintillation events. The MISW consortium of leading industry, academia and research organisations will deliver the foundations for the next generation SBAS systems that can be extended across Europe and into Africa, ensuring reliable GNSS services over many decades ahead.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-3-2015 | Award Amount: 3.12M | Year: 2015

The goal of the EISCAT3D_PfP project proposed here is to facilitate a smooth and swift transition of EISCAT_3D from a preparatory phase to its implementation. One significant challenge for this transition is the move from individual prototype subsystems to designs that are ready for immediate implementation in an industrial production environment. Additionally, these subsystems, in their near-final implementations, must operate together as a radar with compatible interfaces and without causing internal interference. The project addresses these issues via industrial outreach to ensure a manufacture-ready design and via the implementation and testing of a Test Subarray using subsystems that are as close as possible to a final configuration. EISCAT3D_PfP will clear the way for low-risk funding by the research councils of the EISCAT associate countries and will furthermore greatly shorten the time required to see EISCAT_3D come to fruition. This project will also support the hiring of key technical personnel to shepherd the implementation of EISCAT_3D throughout its manufacturing, construction, and eventual commissioning. Project coordinator EISCAT Scientific Association has already initiated cooperation with research institutions, SMEs, large manufacturers, regional authorities, and public institutions responsible for innovation procurement. The cooperation will be further developed through the project.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INFRA-2012-3.1. | Award Amount: 2.31M | Year: 2012

Developing world-class research infrastructures for environmental research is one of the top priorities of European authorities. This proposal brings together scientists and users being involved in Europes major environmental related research infrastructure projects, i.e. EISCAT, EPOS, LifeWATCH, EMSO, and ICOS, with their US counterparts that are responsible for the NSF funded projects AMISR, EARTHSCOPE, DataONE, OOI and NEON. The intention is that by interlinking these activities new synergies are generated that will stimulate the creation of a truly global integration of existing infrastructures. The key of this integration process will be the efficient access to and the open sharing of data and information produced by the environmental research infrastructures. This important crosscutting infrastructure category is subject to rapid changes, driven almost entirely outside the field of environmental sciences. Trends in this area include growing collaborations between computer and environmental scientists, leading to the emergence of a new class of scientific activity structured around networked access to observational information. Therefore links to running projects like ENVRI in Europe or EARTHCUBE in the US who are developing relevant architectures are indispensable. Considering this perspective the COOPEUS project will serve as a testbed for new standards and methods. Interoperability concepts and the development of e-infrastructures for the environmental ESFRI projects will beyond data also include the tools that scientist use for analyzing the data. The new term that describes this new quality in cooperation is interworkability which means that interoperability is extended to the exchange of concepts between individual scientists. The COOPEUS project will act as an incubation chamber for new sustainable concepts in this field. The main outcome will be to develop MoUs that will determine future cooperation strategies between the research infrastructures.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-1-2014 | Award Amount: 8.65M | Year: 2015

Over the last decade, the European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) has built a distributed computing and data infrastructure to support over 21,000 researchers from many disciplines with unprecedented data analysis capabilities. EGI builds on the European and national investments and relies on the expertise of EGI.eu - a not-for-profit foundation that provides coordination to the EGI Community, including user groups, EGI.eu participants in the EGI Council, and the other collaborating partners. The mission of EGI-Engage is to accelerate the implementation of the Open Science Commons vision, where researchers from all disciplines have easy and open access to the innovative digital services, data, knowledge and expertise they need for their work. The Open Science Commons is grounded on three pillars: the e-Infrastructure Commons, an ecosystem of key services; the Open Data Commons, where any researcher can access, use and reuse data; and the Knowledge Commons, in which communities have shared ownership of knowledge and participate in the co-development of software and are technically supported to exploit state-of-the-art digital services. EGI-Engage will expand the capabilities offered to scientists (e.g. improved cloud or data services) and the spectrum of its user base by engaging with large Research Infrastructures (RIs), the long-tail of science and industry/SMEs. The main engagement instrument will be a network of eight Competence Centres, where National Grid Initiatives (NGIs), user communities, technology and service providers will join forces to collect requirements, integrate community-specific applications into state-of-the-art services, foster interoperability across e-Infrastructures, and evolve services through a user-centric development model. The project will also coordinate the NGI efforts to support the long-tail of science by developing ad hoc access policies and by providing services and resources that will lower barriers and learning curves.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-22-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2017

The goal of AARC2 is to design an AAI framework to develop interoperable AAI, to enable researchers to access the whole research and infrastructure service portfolio with one login. AARC2s objectives are: 1. enable federated access in research communities participating in AARC2 2. assist research communities to map their requirements to concrete service offerings 3. support research (e-)infrastructures to implement the integrated architecture and policies frameworks developed by AARC project 4. offer different trainings to adopt AARC/AARC2 results 5. enhance the integrated architecture AARC2 objectives will be achieved by: - Piloting selected research community use-cases (SA1) - Showcasing ready-to-use AAI solutions and pilot results to infrastructures (SA1-NA2) - Developing a virtual Competence Centre where infrastructure representatives and AARC2 team discuss AARC2 results deployment and approaches to use-cases (all WPs) - Promoting federated access and adoption of AARC2 results via training and outreach (NA2) - Expand support for new technologies and policies (JRA1 and NA3). - Follow a user-driven approach: development driven by use-cases and continuous community feedback on AARC2 work. Relevance to the work programme: - AARC2 will work with existing e-infrastructures and ESFRI projects to deploy and enhance (JRA1) the integrated AAI (built on eduIGAIN and federated access) delivered by AARC (obj1Development of a pan-European identity federation) - Use-cases that meet integration (accessing services offered by multiple e-infrastructures) and data-rich aspects included in AARC2 (SA1). AARC2 will work to enable federated access and to map the use-cases to existing AAI services and policy frameworks (obj2Stimulate AAI services supporting communities in the data-rich era) - AARC2 will liaise with security groups, NRENs and infrastructures to address best practices in cybersecurity and assurance (see NA3). (obj3Deliver an integrated infrastructure)


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRASUPP-6-2014 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

The COOP\ project is motivated by the interest of several Research Infrastructures in Europe to benefit from extending international collaboration with other Research Infrastructures in their areas of expertise at global, worldwide level. The general goal of COOP\ is to strengthen the links and coordination of the ESFRI Research Infrastructures related to marine science, Arctic research and biodiversity with international counterparts and to leverage international scientfic cooperation and data exchange with non-EU countries aiming at creating a common ground for the development of a global network of research infrastructures that are able to address Global environmental challenges. The project will be the central hub for worldwide collaboration of the RIs involved, coordinating all their common activities and fostering international agreements. As the EC communication emphasized, Global Challenges are very important drivers for research and innovation, and COOP\ will focus on them, and, according to the experience in COOPEUS (FP7), will try to reinforce the cross-disciplinary view, adding participants for other regions. COOP\ will use the methodology of case studies to assess the cooperation capabilities of international RIs, and to learn how to cope with global environmental challenges. This cross-disciplinary and global collaboration among Research Infrastructures tha is required to address these challenges implies a significant effort on common practices including access and sharing of data. COOP\ will promote an open coordination framework for Global Cooperation, with initial participation from relevant RI from EU, US, Canada, Australia and Brazil, and providing support to new agreements on reciprocal use or access to RI, openness, joint development of new resources including co-financing.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra-PP | Phase: INFRA-2010-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2010

EISCAT_3D is a next generation incoherent scatter radar system for high-latitude atmosphere and geospace studies that will be built in northern Fenno-Scandinavia. The facility will consist of multiple large phased-array antenna transmitters/receivers in three countries, comprising tens of thousands of individual antenna elements. The new radars will collect data from the upper stratosphere to the magnetosphere and beyond, contributing to the basic, environmental and applied science that underpins the use of space by contemporary society. EISCAT_3Ds capabilities go beyond anything currently available to the international research community and will constitute a valuable scientific resource for the European Research Area. Located in the auroral zone at the edge of the northern polar vortex, EISCAT_3D will provide long-term continuous data for scientists studying global change, measuring the effects of man-made and natural variability on the middle and upper atmosphere. Its observations will underpin space weather prediction and monitoring, essential for the operation and the improved service of European space assets. In addition EISCAT_3D will facilitate studies of solar system influences on the terrestrial environment, such as solar wind, meteors, dust, energetic particles and cosmic rays, in collaboration with other research infrastructures. The Preparatory Phase will resolve the remaining legal, financial and technical questions which must be addressed before the construction of EISCAT_3D.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-2.3.3. | Award Amount: 5.08M | Year: 2011

Frontier environmental research increasingly depends on a wide range of data and advanced capabilities to process and analyse them. The ENVRI project, Common Operations of Environmental Research infrastructures is a collaboration in the ESFRI Environment Cluster, with support from ICT experts, to develop common e-science components and services for their facilities. The results will speed up the construction of these infrastructures and will allow scientists to use the data and software from each facility to enable multi-disciplinary science. The target is on developing common capabilities including software and services of the environmental and e-infrastructure communities. While the ENVRI infrastructures are very diverse, they face common challenges including data capture from distributed sensors, metadata standardisation, management of high volume data, workflow execution and data visualisation. The common standards, deployable services and tools developed will be adopted by each infrastructure as it progresses through its construction phase. Two use cases, led by the most mature infrastructures, will focus the development work on separate requirements and solutions for data pre-processing of primary data and post-processing toward publishing. The project will be based on a common reference model created by capturing the semantic resources of each ESFRI-ENV infrastructure. This model and the development driven by the testbed deployments result in ready-to-use systems which can be integrated into the environmental research infrastructures. The project puts emphasis on synergy between advanced developments, not only among the infrastructure facilities, but also with ICT providers and related e-science initiatives. These links will facilitate system deployment and the training of future researchers, and ensure that the inter-disciplinary capabilities established here remain sustainable beyond the lifetime of the project.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.2.2. | Award Amount: 5.89M | Year: 2011

The ESPAS project will provide the e-Infrastructure necessary to support the access to observations, the modeling and prediction of the Near-Earth Space environment. This includes the plasma and energetic particle environments that surround our planet as well as the neutral atmosphere at altitudes above 60 km. These environments are an important target for future research in areas such as space weather and Sun-climate studies. The ESPAS interface will provide access to a diverse set of databases that have been developed for the needs of different users. Thus a primary goal is to facilitate user access to heterogeneous data from multiple providers, ranging from ground-based observations acquired with multiple instruments and techniques, to data from satellite experiments, using a mixture of in-situ and remotely sensed techniques. The results of searches will be delivered in a scientist-friendly manner based on existing standards and protocols. The infrastructure will also be used as a test-bed for development of methodologies and standards for validation of models of the near-Earth environment. This will lead to validated predictions of conditions in that environment, and thus promote the transfer of space environment science products into commercial and operational applications.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-4-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 15.00M | Year: 2015

ENVRIPLUS is a cluster of research infrastructures (RIs) for Environmental and Earth System sciences, built around ESFRI roadmap and associating leading e-infrastructures and Integrating Activities together with technical specialist partners. ENVRIPLUS is driven by 3 overarching goals: 1) favoring cross-fertilization between infrastructures, 2) implementing innovative concepts and devices across RIs, and 3) facilitating research and innovation in the field of environment to an increasing number of users outside the RIs. ENVRIPLUS organizes its activities along a main strategic plan where sharing multi-disciplinary expertise will be most effective. It aims to improve Earth observation monitoring systems and strategies, including actions towards harmonization and innovation, to generate common solutions to many shared information technology and data related challenges, to harmonize policies for access and provide strategies for knowledge transfer amongst RIs. ENVRIPLUS develops guidelines to enhance trans-disciplinary use of data and data-products supported by applied use-cases involving RIs from different domains. ENVRIPLUS coordinates actions to improve communication and cooperation, addressing Environmental RIs at all levels, from management to end-users, implementing RI-staff exchange programs, generating material for RI personnel, and proposing common strategic developments and actions for enhancing services to users and evaluating the socio-economic impacts. ENVRIPLUS is expected to facilitate structuration and improve quality of services offered both within single RIs and at pan-RI level. It promotes efficient and multi-disciplinary research offering new opportunities to users, new tools to RI managers and new communication strategies for environmental RI communities. The produced solutions, services and other project results are made available to all environmental RI initiatives, thus contributing to the development of a consistent European RI ecosystem.

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