Ishii M.,Hoshigaoka Kosei Nenkin Hospital |
Wada E.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital |
Hamada M.,Hoshigaoka Kosei Nenkin Hospital
Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques | Year: 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective investigation. OBJECTIVE:: To clarify at which age and at what point in the postoperative period neurological deterioration occurs in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Inferior surgical outcomes tend to be seen with increasing age, however, the age threshold and the postoperative period associated with deterioration have not been established. METHODS:: Of 273 patients who underwent laminoplasty, 75 were enrolled in our study who met the criteria of having cervical spondylotic myelopathy, being monitored for a minimum of 2 years after surgery, and experiencing no morbidities within 2 years after surgery. Participants were classified into 4 age groups: group A, 54 years or below (n=12); group B, 55-64 years (n=22); group C, 65-74 years (n=24); and group D, 75 years or above (n=17). Preoperative physical status scores, using the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification system, and neurological recovery, indicated by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, were compared and surgical complications were reviewed. RESULTS:: The ASA physical status score was significantly lower in group A (1.4±0.5) than in group C (2.0±0.5) or group D (2.2±0.4) (P<0.0083). No difference was seen between the preoperative and 1-year postoperative JOA scores between the groups. However, the JOA score at ≥2 years after surgery was significantly lower in group D (12.9±2.0) than in group A (15.2±1.4; P<0.0083). Major complications of cardiopulmonary disorders were documented only in patients in groups C and D with A higher ASA scores. CONCLUSIONS:: Inferior surgical outcomes were seen in patients 75 years of age or above at 2 years after surgery compared with patients of 54 years or below of age. These clinical features could be reasonably explained by the patients' preexisting physical status related to age. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Oguru M.,Hyogo College of Medicine |
Tachibana H.,Hyogo College of Medicine |
Toda K.,Toda Orthopedics Neurology Clinic |
Okuda B.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital |
Oka N.,NHO South Kyoto Hospital
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical correlates of apathy and depression in Parkinson disease (PD), and to clarify whether apathy can be dissociated from depression. One hundred fifty patients with PD completed the Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II), Starksteins Apathy Scale (AS), and a quality of life (QOL) battery. Hoehn and Yahr (HY) staging, the Unified Parkinsons Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were performed on the same day. Apathy (AS score ≤ 16) was diagnosed in 60% of patients and depression (BDI-II score ≤ 14) in 56%. Apathy coexisted with depression in 43% of patients, compared with depression without apathy in 13% and apathy without depression in 17%. Apathy scale score was significantly correlated with UPDRS scores, HY stage, and age, whereas BDI-II score was correlated only with UPDRS scores. Both AS and BDI-II scores were negatively correlated with QOL. However, multiple regression analysis revealed that depression was strongly and negatively associated with emotional well-being and communication, whereas apathy was mainly associated with cognition and stigma. These findings suggest that apathy and depression may be separable in PD, although both are common in patients with PD and are associated with QOL.
Kamogawa K.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital |
Okuda B.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders | Year: 2015
We report on a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who developed bilateral useless hand syndrome (UHS) and astereognosis. Clinical features of UHS in our patient are similar to limb-kinetic apraxia with astereognosis. Cervical T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a gadolinium-enhanced lesion at the level of C3-C4, mainly involving the posterior cord. This patient suggests that posterior cord lesions at high cervical levels cause UHS and astereognosis in MS, involving the sensorimotor integration needed to execute complex finger movements. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Taniguchi D.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012
A 61-year-old man, with a history of renal transplant for immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy and surgery for advanced gastric carcinoma, was noted to have a nodular shadow of 1.3 cm in diameter in the left lung( S8) based on chest computed tomography( CT), and was suspected to have primary pulmonary carcinoma or a metastatic pulmonary tumor, for which surgical resection was performed. A rapid pathological diagnosis of inflammatory granuloma was made, and the patient was finally diagnosed as having pulmonary cryptococcosis based on the histopathology, and received fluconazole postoperatively. Patients with organ transplant history showing a nodular shadow in the lung should undergo a careful workup in consideration of both malignant tumor and infection.
Ryu C.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012
A 71-year-old male consulted a physician for a chest abnormal shadow detected by mass screening. As computed tomography (CT) revealed a nodular shadow in the left upper lobe, he was referred to our hospital. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed high-level accumulation of fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) at the same site, and the level of Pro gastrin-releasing peptide(ProGRP) as a tumor marker was high(59.5 pg/ml). The level of ProGRP increased to 83.0 pg/ml 2 months later and the surgery was performed to make a diagnosis, however, historological examination during surgery by both needle biopsy and partial resection showed no malignancy. A final diagnosis of fibrosis associated with anthracosis was made, and neither active inflammation nor neoplastic lesion was not demonstrated. At 2 years and 2 months postoperatively, the level of ProGRP was still high(58.5 pg/ml). Although the high level of ProGRP is well known as a useful marker for the diagnosis of lung small cell carcinoma, some patients with renal dysfunction, pneumonia, interstitial pneumonia, pleurisy, or lung carcinoma that is not small cell carcinoma are also positive for ProGRP. Since the present case showed a mild impairment of renal function, it was suggested that the cause of the high level of ProGRP was other than lung cancer.
Michitaka K.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) | Year: 2012
The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical features and hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes in pregnant women chronically infected with HBV. Among 1,489 pregnant women who visited our hospital in 2010, 26 were positive for hepatitis B surface antigens (HBsAg). Of these subjects, 21 from whom informed consent was obtained were included in this study. The clinical features and HBV markers, including genotypes, were investigated. No adverse events were observed in the subjects or the neonates during pregnancy or the perinatal period. The HBV genotypes were C in 14 cases, D in six cases, and undetermined in one case. Hepatitis B e antigens and a high viral load (>7.0 log copies/mL) were found in four and six subjects with genotype C, respectively, and in none of subjects with genotype D. The alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels and platelet counts were within the normal ranges during pregnancy in all subjects except two and three subjects with genotype C, respectively. Three subjects with genotype C showed transient elevations of ALT after delivery. The majority of subjects were anti-HBe-positive with normal ALT levels; however, some subjects with genotype C showed a high viral load, elevated ALT levels and/or low platelet counts. The pregnancies and deliveries were safe; however, transient elevations of ALT after delivery were observed in some subjects with genotype C.
Yamaguchi M.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Cornea | Year: 2016
ABSTRACT:: Recently, the number of dry eye cases has dramatically increased. Thus, it is important that easy screening, exact diagnoses, and suitable treatments be available. We developed 3 original and noninvasive assessments for this disorder. First, a DR-1 dry eye monitor was used to determine the tear meniscus height quantitatively by capturing a tear meniscus digital image that was analyzed by Meniscus Processor software. The DR-1 meniscus height value significantly correlated with the fluorescein meniscus height (r = 0.06, Bland–Altman analysis). At a cutoff value of 0.22 mm, sensitivity of the dry eye diagnosis was 84.1% with 90.9% specificity. Second, the Tear Stability Analysis System was used to quantitatively measure tear film stability using a topographic modeling system corneal shape analysis device. Tear film stability was objectively and quantitatively evaluated every second during sustained eye openings. The Tear Stability Analysis System is currently installed in an RT-7000 autorefractometer and topographer to automate the diagnosis of dry eye. Third, the Ocular Surface Thermographer uses ophthalmic thermography for diagnosis. The decrease in ocular surface temperature in dry eyes was significantly greater than that in normal eyes (P < 0.001) at 10 seconds after eye opening. Decreased corneal temperature correlated significantly with the tear film breakup time (r = 0.572; P < 0.001). When changes in the ocular surface temperature of the cornea were used as indicators for dry eye, sensitivity was 0.83 and specificity was 0.80 after 10 seconds. This article describes the details and potential of these 3 noninvasive dry eye assessment systems. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Kiyasu Y.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
International Surgery | Year: 2013
This report describes a 58-year-old woman with gastric adenocarcinoma and liver metastases, who survives for more than 18 years after diagnosis. At diagnosis and first surgery, a moderately differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma with subserosal invasion was detected, along with 2 regional lymph node metastases and 2 liver metastases. She underwent gastrectomy and regional lymph node dissection but did not undergo liver operation then. After gastrectomy, she received adjuvant chemotherapy for 1 month but discontinued it due to severe diarrhea. Another metastasis in another area of the liver was detected, for which she underwent excision of the right lobe of the liver (subsegments 5, 6, and 7) about 30 months later. No signs of recurrence have been detected for 18 years (as of March 2012). This patient represents a rare case of long-term survival of gastric adenocarcinoma without recurrence after surgical treatment, despite multiple, synchronous, liver and regional lymph node metastases.
Matsumoto H.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital |
Kohno K.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Child's Nervous System | Year: 2011
Purpose: Although minor head injury in childhood is a common occurrence and usually no complications, posttraumatic cerebral infarction has rarely been reported. Such infarction is characterized by occlusion of the lateral lenticulostriate artery. The authors report an atypical case of posttraumatic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) after minor head injury in childhood. Case report: A healthy 16-year-old boy was hit on the head by a pitch while playing baseball. He developed a transient ischemic attack involving the left extremities 15 min after the accident. Initial magnetic resonance imaging revealed neither hemorrhage nor infarction, and MR angiography demonstrated mild stenosis of the right carotid fork. Conservative therapy was started. However, 24 h after the accident, he suddenly developed left hemiparesis. Emergent neuroimaging demonstrated progressive occlusion of the supraclinoid portion of the right ICA and cerebral infarction of the deep white matter in the right frontal lobe. The hemiparesis deteriorated and the infarction area continued to expand on a daily. The patient underwent emergent superficial temporally artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass. Intraoperative observation demonstrated that the supraclinoid portion of the right ICA was not thrombosed but pale with low tension and did not appear dissected. He fully recovered by 2 weeks after the operation. Postoperative investigations showed gradual improvement of the ICA occlusion. Discussion: Minor head injury can cause cerebral infarction in childhood, although this is rare. If conservative therapy cannot prevent progressive cerebral infarction, STA-MCA bypass should be considered in case of the ICA occlusion. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
Yamaguchi M.,Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi | Year: 2011
To investigate the sustained effects of sodium hyaluronate solution (HA) on tear film stability using a Tear Stability Analysis System (TSAS), a method enabling quantitative evaluation of tear film stability. Eighteen eyes of 18 normal subjects (N group) and 21 eyes of 21 dry eye patients (D group) were examined. Dry eye was diagnosed by the 2006 diagnostic criteria. In each subject, artificial tears (AT), 0.1% sodium hyaluronate solution (H 01) or 0.3% sodium hyaluronate solution (H 03) were instilled into both eyes, and tear film stability in the right eye before and 1, 5, 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes after instillation was compared using a break up index (BUI: 0-100), the TSAS's index of tear film stability. N group: In both the AT and H 01 subgroups, no significant change was found in the BUI ratios (BUI after instillation/before instillation) at any point during the 120 minute period after instillation. However, in the H 03 subgroup, the BUI ratio temporarily decreased to 0.650 one minute after H 03 instillation (p = 0.0038). D group: In the AT subgroup, the BUI ratio significantly increased to 1.568 five minutes after AT instillation (p = 0.0259), but began to decrease 15 minutes after instillation and returned to the initial value 30 minutes after instillation. In the H 01 subgroup, the BUI ratio significantly increased to 1.531 five minutes after H 01 instillation (p = 0.0087), and was maintained at 1.347 120 minutes after instillation (p = 0.0088). In the H 03 subgroup, the BUI ratio rose to 1.544 15 minutes after H 03 instillation (p = 0.0009), and was maintained at high levels of 1.413 30 minutes after (p = 0.0122), 1.629 60 minutes after (p = 0.0008), and 1.407 120 minutes after instillation (p = 0.0008). The current study confirms that both 0.1 and 0.3% sodium hyaluronate solution effectively improve tear film stability in dry eyes for up to two hours after instillation.