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Maadi, Egypt

Al-Inany H.G.,Egyptian Center | Van Gelder P.,PSCT BV
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2010

Recent randomized trials, systematic reviews and cost-effectiveness analyses have demonstrated the relative efficacy, and in some cases superiority, of urinary gonadotrophins (uFSH, human menopausal gonadotrophin) compared with recombinant FSH (rFSH). However, the effectiveness of frozen-embryo transfers (FET) following ovarian stimulation with uFSH versus rFSH in the fresh cycle has not been well investigated. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences in clinical outcomes in women undergoing FET according to the type of gonadotrophin used during ovarian stimulation. Following a meticulous search, all published comparative studies of FET using ovarian stimulation were reviewed. Data on clinical outcomes were extracted and systematically presented. Using the agonist long protocol for down-regulation, five trials provided extractable data for live-birth and ongoing pregnancy rates following FET, as well as the cumulative live-birth, ongoing pregnancy and clinical pregnancy rates following fresh-embryo transfer and FET from the same cycle. There was no evidence of significant effect difference between the uses of uFSH versus rFSH regarding any of the outcomes. In conclusion there is insufficient evidence to determine whether the use of a certain type of gonadotrophin during ovarian stimulation affects the clinical outcomes in subsequent FET. Clinical efficiency in IVF procedures has been debated for years. Defining a unified goal, or endpoint, for IVF treatments has shown marked discrepancies among clinicians, regulatory bodies and organizations; with some regarding a clinical pregnancy, an ongoing pregnancy, a live-birth, or even a take-home baby as the primary outcome of IVF treatments. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of the use of urinary versus recombinant FSH on the results of frozen embryo transfers and the effect that this would have on the cumulative clinical results of IVF. This systematic review has shown that there is insufficient evidence to determine whether the use of a certain type of gonadotrophin during ovarian stimulation affects the clinical outcomes in subsequent frozen embryo transfers, such as live-birth rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate. With respect to cumulative rates, it is noted that no significant differences in live birth rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, and clinical pregnancy rate following fresh and frozen transfer cycles. It is concluded that well-designed and powered studies are needed to determine possible effects of the use of a certain type of gonadotrophin during ovarian stimulation on the clinical outcomes in subsequent frozen thawed embryo transfers. © 2010, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Aboulghar M.,Cairo University | Aboulghar M.,Egyptian Center
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2010

Mild forms of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) do not require treatment. Moderate OHSS should be followed up on an outpatient basis with no specific treatment. Severe OHSS requires proper evaluation. Investigations are done to evaluate hematocrit, electrolytes, and kidney and liver function. Conservative treatment with intravenous (IV) fluids and close monitoring is usually done. Intensive care admission is indicated in cases with severe respiratory distress or major electrolyte imbalance with elevated serum creatinine. Crystalloids in the form of IV saline and colloids as albumin or hydroxyethyl starch are commonly used to expand intravascular volume. Dopamine can be used to improve diuresis, and prophylactic heparin is administered to prevent venous thrombosis. Diuretics are generally contraindicated because they may further contract intravascular volume. Abdominal or vaginal aspiration of ascitic fluid results in marked improvement of symptoms, improved diuresis, and shortened hospital stay. The current trend to treat patients with IV fluids, albumin, and to perform aspiration of ascitic fluid on an outpatient basis has been found to be a more cost-effective protocol of treatment. Copyright © 2010 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Nygren K.G.,IVF Unit | Sullivan E.,University of New South Wales | Zegers-Hochschild F.,Unit of Reproductive Medicine | Mansour R.,Egyptian Center | And 3 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2011

Objective: To analyze information on assisted reproductive technologies (ART) performed globally. Design: Data on access, efficacy, and safety of ART were collected for the year 2003 from 54 countries. Setting: National and regional ART registries globally. Patient(s): Patients undergoing ART globally. Intervention(s): Collection and analysis of international ART registry data. Main Outcome Measure(s): Number of cycles performed in reporting countries and regions globally for different ART procedures with resulting pregnancy, live birth and multiple birth rates. Result(s): A total of 433,427 initiated cycles reported in this registry resulted in 173,424 babies born. This corresponded to a delivery rate per aspiration of 22.4% for in vitro fertilization (IVF), 23.3% for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and a delivery rate per transfer of 17.1% for frozen embryo transfer. Although there is wide variation among countries and regions, the overall proportion of deliveries with twins and triplets from IVF and ICSI was 24.8% and 2.0%, respectively. There were wide variations in access, and compared with the previous report (year 2002), there was a 3.9% increase in the number of reported cycles and a minor increase in the delivery rate per aspiration. There was also a marginal decline in the mean number of embryos transfered and in the rate of multiple births. Conclusion(s): ART access, efficacy, and safety varies greatly globally. Collection and analysis of data over time will benefit ART patients, providers, and policy makers. © 2011 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Fauser B.C.J.M.,University Utrecht | Serour G.I.,Egyptian Center | Serour G.I.,Al - Azhar University of Egypt
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2013

This Views and Reviews series concerning future developments in in vitro fertilization will highlight various aspects of in vitro fertilization from the global perspective. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.

Aboulghar M.,Egyptian Center | Aboulghar M.,Cairo University
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2012

The use of GnRH-a in ovarian stimulation permitted stronger stimulation resulting in an increased incidence of OHSS. The first Cochrane review comparing GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist protocols for ovarian stimulation showed no significant difference in OHSS rate between the two protocols, however, a recent Cochrane review showed a highly significant decrease in the incidence in OHSS rate in the antagonist protocol. Coasting is a commonly used procedure for preventions of OHSS. The optimum time to start coasting is when the lead follicle reaches 16 mm in diameter and hCG should be given when E2 level drops below 3000 pg/ml. Coasting may act by diminishing the functioning granulosa cell cohort. Administration of daily GnRH antagonist in high risk patients for OHSS who were down-regulated by GnRH-a resulted in rapid drop of E2 and decrease in incidence of OHSS. A series of patients who developed early OHSS were treated by daily GnRH antagonist injections, all embryos were cryopreserved. No progression to severe OHSS was observed. © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.

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