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Oziyci H.R.,Akdeniz University | Tetik N.,Akdeniz University | Turhan I.,Akdeniz University | Yatmaz E.,Akdeniz University | And 4 more authors.
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2014

Wild and grafted carob fruits (61 different carob trees in the selected locations in total) grown in 2009 and 2010 in Antalya province of Turkey were evaluated for their mineral composition of different fruit parts, including the pods and seeds of wild (PW, SW) and grafted types (PG, SG). The highest mean values of total ash content (3.85%) and total nitrogen (%) were observed in the seeds of grafted carob fruits (SG). Among the macro minerals analyzed, the potassium content was very high in all samples (1.01-1.19%). Although the fruit type (wild or grafted) was not a significant parameter on mineral concentration of the samples (P>. 0.05), the seeds generally contained higher macro and micro minerals than the pods in both carob types. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Kucukyumuk C.,Egirdir Fruit Growing Research Station | Kacal E.,Egirdir Fruit Growing Research Station | Ertek A.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Ozturk G.,Egirdir Fruit Growing Research Station | Kurttas Y.S.K.,Ege University
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2012

Considering that apple growers have commonly used flood irrigation method instead of drip irrigation for many decades, this study aims to determine the effects of transition from flood irrigation to drip irrigation on vegetative growth and fruit quality (fruit diameter, length, weight, colour, firmness and classification). An apple orchard which had been irrigated by flood irrigation for many years was used for the study, during which flood irrigation was continued in one section as a control treatment, while drip irrigation was applied for rest of the apple orchard. Two different irrigation intervals (4 and 7 days) and four different pan coefficients (0.50, 0.75, 1.0, 1.25) were applied during drip irrigation treatments. Flood irrigation included only one treatment (20 days irrigation interval). Transition to drip irrigation method for apple trees indicated positive consequences on vegetative growth and fruit quality. Fruit diameter, length and weight values were the highest in Kcp3 (1.0) treatments in drip irrigation. Kcp3 treatments also showed the highest red colour density values. Kcp3 and Kcp4 (1.25) represented a more marketable fruit size (extra and class 1) than flood irrigation. Lower amount of irrigation water was consumed with drip irrigation compared to flood irrigation.To obtain the highest quantity of marketable apples, K cp treatment with 1.0 and irrigation interval with 4 days (I1Kcp3 treatment) is recommended during transition from flood irrigation to drip irrigation for similar climatic and soil conditions. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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