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Castilfrío de la Sierra, Spain

Iberian wild goat Capra pyrenaica has been re-introduced in the Cantabrian Mountains in Leon province (Riaño and Ancares). To evaluate habitat and restocking suitability in the National Game Reserve of Os Ancares (NGRA, Lugo province) we: (i) undertook a reconstruction of its natural history in the NW of the Iberian Peninsula; (ii) gathered data on its current distribution in Ancares; (iii) analyzed its habitat use though a review of similar experiences; (iv) developed a cartography to define its potential habitat, and y v) drew a zoning of the NGRA following habitat quality. Results indicate the existence of suitable habitat in 1,250, which could host 40 animals considering a density of 3 goat km-2. The management of this population should we coordinated with the leonese side of the massif, of higher quality and surface rather than the Lugo's slope. The increase of the current population will allow the species to colonize naturally the whole massif.

Pita Fernandez M.,Ega Consultores en Vida Silvestre SLPU | Casas Bargueno S.,Ega Consultores en Vida Silvestre SLPU | Herrero J.,University of Zaragoza | Prada C.,Ega Consultores en Vida Silvestre SLPU | Garcia Post R.,Conselleria de Infraestructuras
Forest Systems | Year: 2012

In Spain, Game Reserves (GR) are territorial public hunting management units that cover 3.5% of the country and ~ 10% of the Natura 2000 Network. The first GR were established in 1966 and by 2011 there were 49. Their primary purposes were to promote wild ungulate populations, their sustainable use, and to provide social, economic, and recreational benefits to local communities and hunters, generally. During the 1980s following a political federalization process, GR became the responsibility of regional governments and their role has never been evaluated, even though the political, rural ecological, and administrative frameworks underwent substantial changes. In this paper, we present a review of the state of GR in 2011, identify their successes and problems, and provide recommendations for the future. The GR have been fundamental to sustainable hunting and the protection of wildlife, particularly, game species. Currently, their virtues are not widely appreciated and they do not receive sufficient financial and human resources to meet their objective fully. We propose several initiatives that might improve the use of existing resources and increase the profile of these publicly managed areas.

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