EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee

Toulouse, France

EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee

Toulouse, France
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Manferdini C.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Paolella F.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Gabusi E.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Gambari L.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | And 6 more authors.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage | Year: 2017

Objective: To define if adipose mesenchymal stromal cell (ASC) treatment mediated switching of the pro-inflammatory profile of M1-like macrophages as a means to develop a tailored in vitro efficacy/potency test. Design: We firstly performed immunohistochemical analysis of CD68, CD80 (M1-like) and CD206 (M2-like) macrophages in osteoarthritic (OA) synovial tissue. ASC were co-cultured in contact and in transwell with activated (GM-CSF + IFNγ)-M1 macrophages. We analyzed IL1β, TNFα, IL6, MIP1α/CCL3, S100A8, S100A9, IL10, CD163 and CD206 by qRT-PCR or immunoassays. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) blocking experiments were performed using PGE2 receptor antagonist. Results: In moderate grade OA synovium we did not always find a higher percentage of CD80 with respect to CD206. M1-like-activated macrophage factors IL1β, TNFα, IL6, MIP1α/CCL3, S100A8 and S100A9 were down-modulated both in contact and in transwell by ASC. However, in both systems ASC induced the typical M2-like macrophage markers IL10, CD163 and CD206. Activated-M1-like macrophages pre-treated with PGE2 receptor antagonist failed to decrease secretion of TNFα, IL6 and to increase that of IL10, CD163 and CD206 when co-cultured with ASC confirming a PGE2 specific role. Conclusions: We demonstrated that ASC are responsible for the switching of activated-M1-like inflammatory macrophages to a M2-like phenotype, mainly through PGE2. This evidenced that activated-M1-like macrophages may represent a relevant cell model to test the efficacy/potency of ASC and suggests a specific role of ASC as important determinants in therapeutic dampening of synovial inflammation in OA. © 2017 The Authors.

Apoil P.A.,University Paul Sabatier | Apoil P.A.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Puissant-Lubrano B.,University Paul Sabatier | Puissant-Lubrano B.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | And 7 more authors.
Cellular Immunology | Year: 2017

Using a standardized immunophenotyping procedure we studied thirty-eight distinct subpopulations of T, B and NK lymphocytes in 253 healthy blood donors aged from 19 to 67. We analysed the influence of age, sex and HCMV seropositivity on each lymphocyte subpopulations and established reference ranges. We observed that aging influences the largest number of lymphocyte subpopulations with a slow increase of CD8+ EMRA T lymphocytes and of the numbers of circulating Tregs. The proportion of HLA-DR+ cells among Tregs increased with age and was correlated to the proportion of HLA-DR+ cells among effector T CD4+ lymphocytes. Sex had a major impact on absolute counts of CD4+ T cells which were higher in females. HCMV-seropositivity was associated with higher frequencies of CD8+ EMRA memory T lymphocytes while a high frequency of terminally differentiated EMRA CD4+ T cells was observed in 80% of HCMV-positive individuals and in none of the HCMV seronegative individuals. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Veronesi E.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Murgia A.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Caselli A.,University of Bari | Grisendi G.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 16 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods | Year: 2014

Successful preliminary studies have encouraged a more translational phase for stem cell research. Nevertheless, advances in the culture of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (hBM-MSC) and osteoconductive qualities of combined biomaterials can be undermined if necessary cell transportation procedures prove unviable. We aimed at evaluating the effect of transportation conditions on cell function, including the ability to form bone in vivo, using procedures suited to clinical application. hBM-MSC expanded in current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) facilities (cGMP-hBM-MSC) to numbers suitable for therapy were transported overnight within syringes and subsequently tested for viability. Scaled-down experiments mimicking shipment for 18 h at 4 C tested the influence of three different clinical-grade transportation buffers (0.9% saline alone or with 4% human serum albumin [HSA] from two independent sources) compared with cell maintenance medium. Cell viability after shipment was >80% in all cases, enabling evaluation of (1) adhesion to plastic flasks and hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate osteoconductive biomaterial (HA/β-TCP 3D scaffold); (2) proliferation rate; (3) ex vivo osteogenic differentiation in contexts of 2D monolayers on plastic and 3D HA/β-TCP scaffolds; and (4) in vivo ectopic bone formation after subcutaneous implantation of cells with HA/β-TCP scaffold into NOD/SCID mice. Von Kossa staining was used to assess ex vivo osteogenic differentiation in 3D cultures, providing a quantifiable test of 3D biomineralization ex vivo as a rapid, cost-effective potency assay. Near-equivalent capacities for cell survival, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation were found for all transportation buffers. Moreover, cGMP-hBM-MSC transported from a production facility under clinical-grade conditions of 4% HSA in 0.9% saline to a destination 18 h away showed prompt adhesion to HA/β-TCP 3D scaffold and subsequent in vivo bone formation. A successfully validated transportation protocol extends the applicability of fresh stem cells involving multicentric trials for regenerative medicine. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014.

Rojewski M.T.,University of Ulm | Rojewski M.T.,DRK Blutspendedienst Baden Wurttemberg Hessen gemeinnutzige GmbH | Fekete N.,University of Ulm | Fekete N.,DRK Blutspendedienst Baden Wurttemberg Hessen gemeinnutzige GmbH | And 10 more authors.
Cell Transplantation | Year: 2013

The estimated frequency of MSCs in BM is about 0.001-0.01% of total nucleated cells. Most commonly, one applied therapeutic cell dose is about 1-5 million MSCs/kg body weight, necessitating a reliable, fast, and safe expansion system. The limited availability of MSCs demands for an extensive ex vivo amplification step to accumulate sufficient cell numbers. Human platelet lysate (PL) has proven to be a safe and feasible alternative to animal-derived serum as supplement for MSC cultivation. We have investigated the functionally closed automated cell culture hollow fiber bioreactor Quantum cell expansion system as an alternative novel tool to conventional tissue flasks for efficient clinical-scale MSC isolation and expansion from bone marrow using PL. Cells expanded in the Quantum system fulfilled MSC criteria as shown by flow cytometry and adipogenic, chondrogenic, and osteogenic differentiation capacity. Cell surface expression of a variety of chemokine receptors, adhesion molecules, and additional MSC markers was monitored for several passages by flow cytometry. The levels of critical media components like glucose and lactate were analyzed. PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB/ BB, bFGF, TGF-β1, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, RANTES, GRO, VEGF, sCD40L, and IL-6 were assessed using a LUMINEX platform. Originally optimized for the use of fetal calf serum (FCS) as supplement and fibronectin as coating reagent, we succeeded to obtain an average of more than 100 × 106 of MSCs from as little as 18.8-28.6 ml of BM aspirate using PL. We obtained similar yields of MSCs/μl BM in the FCS-containing and the xenogen-free expansion system. The Quantum system reliably produces a cellular therapeutic dose in a functionally closed system that requires minimal manipulation. Both isolation and expansion are possible using FCS or PL as supplement. Coating of the hollow fibers of the bioreactor is mandatory when loading MSCs. Fibronectin, PL, and human plasma may serve as coating reagents. © 2013 Cognizant Comm. Corp.

Toupet K.,Montpellier University | Maumus M.,Montpellier University | Peyrafitte J.-A.,EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee | Bourin P.,EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee | And 8 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2013

Objective Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising tool for cell therapy for several disorders, among them the osteoarticular diseases. For such clinical applications, intraarticular (IA) injection of MSCs may be favored for higher levels of safety and targeting of specific joints. Although the safety of intravenous (IV) administration of MSCs has been reported in a number of clinical trials, the safety and biodistribution of MSCs after IA injection have not been tested. Our objective was to assess the toxicity of clinical-grade human adipose-derived MSCs (AD-MSCs), as well as their biodistribution, after IA injection into SCID mice. Methods SCID mice received IA or IV administration of 106 human AD-MSCs. Several tissues were recovered at different time points and processed for histologic assessment or real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. A highly sensitive assay was used to monitor the distribution of AD-MSCs, based on amplification of human-specific Alu sequences. Results Absence of toxicity was observed after AD-MSC infusion. Alu PCR assay revealed a high sensitivity (1 human AD-MSC/105 murine cells), with a large linear range (1-5 × 104/105 murine cells). Importantly, 15% of the IA-injected AD-MSCs were detectable in the joint for the first month and 1.5% of the AD-MSCs engrafted over the long term, at least 6 months. AD-MSCs were observed in the injected joints and in areas of tissue referred to as stem cell niches, such as the bone marrow, adipose tissue, and muscle. Conclusion These data support the feasibility and safety of using IA delivery of human AD-MSCs in the treatment of rheumatic diseases that affect the joints. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Maumus M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Maumus M.,Montpellier University | Manferdini C.,Laboratorio Of Immunoreumatologia E Rigenerazione Tissutale | Manferdini C.,Laboratorio RAMSES | And 15 more authors.
Stem Cell Research | Year: 2013

Our work aimed at evaluating the role of adipose stem cells (ASC) on chondrocytes from osteoarthritic (OA) patients and identifying the mediators involved. We used primary chondrocytes, ASCs from different sources and bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) from OA donors. ASCs or MSCs were co-cultured with chondrocytes in a minimal medium and using cell culture inserts. Under these conditions, ASCs did not affect the proliferation of chondrocytes but significantly decreased camptothecin-induced apoptosis. Both MSCs and ASCs from different sources allowed chondrocytes in the cocultures maintaining a stable expression of markers specific for a mature phenotype, while expression of hypertrophic and fibrotic markers was decreased. A number of factors known to regulate the chondrocyte phenotype (IL-1β, IL-1RA, TNF-α) and matrix remodeling (TIMP-1 and -2, MMP-1 and -9, TSP-1) were not affected. However, a significant decrease of TGF-β1 secretion by chondrocytes and induction of HGF secretion by ASCs was observed. Addition of a neutralizing anti-HGF antibody reversed the anti-fibrotic effect of ASCs whereas hypertrophic markers were not modulated. In summary, ASCs are an interesting source of stem cells for efficiently reducing hypertrophy and dedifferentiation of chondrocytes, at least partly via the secretion of HGF. This supports the interest of using these cells in therapies for osteo-articular diseases. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Manferdini C.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Maumus M.,Montpellier University | Gabusi E.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Piacentini A.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | And 8 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2013

Objective To examine the effect of different sources of Good Manufacturing Practice clinical grade adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) on inflammatory factors in osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes and synoviocytes. Methods AD-MSCs from infrapatellar Hoffa fat, subcutaneous (SC) hip fat, and SC abdominal fat were cocultured in Transwells with chondrocytes or synoviocytes. Inflammatory factors (interleukin-1β [IL-1β], tumor necrosis factor α, IL-6, CXCL1/growth-related oncogene α, CXCL8/IL-8, CCL2/monocyte chemotactic protein 1, CCL3/macrophage inflammatory protein 1α, and CCL5/RANTES) were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or multiplex bead-based immunoassay. The role of different immunomodulators was analyzed. Results All the inflammatory factors analyzed were down-modulated at the messenger RNA or protein level independently by all 3 AD-MSC sources or by allogeneic AD-MSCs used in coculture with chondrocytes or synoviocytes. Inflammatory factor down-modulation was observed only when AD-MSCs were cocultured with chondrocytes or synoviocytes that produced high levels of inflammatory factors, but no effect was observed in cells that produced low levels of those factors, thus highlighting a dependence of the AD-MSC effect on existing inflammation. The immunomodulators IL-10, IL-1 receptor antagonist, fibroblast growth factor 2, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1, and galectin 1 were not involved in AD-MSC effects, whereas the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) pathway exerted a role in the mechanism of antiinflammatory AD-MSC action. Conclusion The antiinflammatory effects of AD-MSCs are probably not dependent on AD-MSC adipose tissue sources and donors but rather on the inflammatory status of OA chondrocytes and synoviocytes. AD-MSCs seem to be able to sense and respond to the local environment. Even though a combination of different molecules may be involved in AD-MSC effects, the COX-2/PGE2 pathway may play a role, suggesting that AD-MSCs may be useful for therapies in osteoarticular diseases. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Manferdini C.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Paolella F.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Gabusi E.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | Silvestri Y.,Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli | And 5 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2016

Background: The aim of the study was to characterize synovial cells from OA synovium with low-grade and moderate-grade synovitis and to define the role of synovial macrophages in cell culture. Methods: Synovial tissue explants were analyzed for the expression of typical markers of synovial fibroblasts (SF), synovial macrophages (SM) and endothelial cells. Synovial cells at passage 1 (p.1) and 5 (p.5) were analyzed for different phenotypical markers by flow cytometric analysis, inflammatory factors by multiplex immunoassay, anabolic and degradative factors by qRT-PCR. P.1 and p.5 synovial cells as different cell models were co-cultured with adipose stem cells (ASC) to define SM effects. Results: Synovial tissue showed a higher percentage of CD68 marker in moderate compared with low-grade synovitis. Isolated synovial cells at p.1 were positive to typical markers of SM (CD14, CD16, CD68, CD80 and CD163) and SF (CD55, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD106), whereas p.5 synovial cells were positive only to SF markers and showed a higher percentage of CD55 and CD106. At p.1 synovial cells released a significantly higher amount of all inflammatory (IL6, CXCL8, CCL2, CCL3, CCL5) and some anabolic (IL10) factors than those of p.5. Moreover, p.1 synovial cells also expressed a higher amount of some degradative factors (MMP13, S100A8, S100A9) than p.5 synovial cells. Co-culture experiments showed that the amount of SM in p.1 synovial cells differently induced or down-modulated some of the inflammatory (IL6, CXCL8, CCL2, CCL3, CCL5) and degradative factors (ADAMTS5, MMP13, S100A8, S100A9). Conclusions: We found that p.1 (mix of SM and SF) and p.5 (only SF) synovial cells represent two cell models that effectively reproduce the low- or moderate-grade synovitis environment. The presence of SM in culture specifically induces the modulation of the different factors analyzed, confirming that SM are key effector cells. © 2016 Manferdini et al.

Prel A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Sensebe L.,EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee | Sensebe L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Pages J.-C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research
BMC Biotechnology | Year: 2013

Background: Deliberate cellular reprogramming is becoming a realistic objective in the clinic. While the origin of the target cells is critical, delivery of bioactive molecules to trigger a shift in cell-fate remains the major hurdle. To date, several strategies based either on non-integrative vectors, protein transfer or mRNA delivery have been investigated. In a recent study, a unique modification in the retroviral genome was shown to enable RNA transfer and its expression.Results: Here, we used the retroviral mRNA delivery approach to study the impact of modifying gene-flanking sequences on RNA transfer. We designed modified mRNAs for retroviral packaging and used the quantitative luciferase assay to compare mRNA expression following viral transduction of cells. Cloning the untranslated regions of the vimentin or non-muscular myosin heavy chain within transcripts improved expression and stability of the reporter gene while slightly modifying reporter-RNA retroviral delivery. We also observed that while the modified retroviral platform was the most effective for retroviral mRNA packaging, the highest expression in target cells was achieved by the addition of a non-viral UTR to mRNAs containing the packaging signal.Conclusions: Through molecular engineering we have assayed a series of constructs to improve retroviral mRNA transfer. We showed that an authentic RNA retroviral genomic platform was most efficiently transferred but that adding UTR sequences from highly expressed genes could improve expression upon transfection while having only a slight effect on expression from transferred RNA. Together, these data should contribute to the optimisation of retroviral mRNA-delivery systems that test combinations of UTRs and packaging platforms. © 2013 Prel et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Montpellier University and EFS Pyrenees Mediterranee
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Osteoarthritis and cartilage | Year: 2015

To define whether good manufacturing practice (GMP)-clinical grade adipose stem cell (ASC)-derived conditioned medium (CM) is as effective as GMP-ASC in modulating inflammatory and catabolic factors released by both osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes or synoviocytes.OA chondrocytes and synoviocytes were treated with ASC-CM or co-cultured with ASC. Inflammatory factors (IL6, CXCL1/GRO,CXCL8/IL8, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL3/MIP-1 and CCL5/RANTES) and proteinases, such as metalloproteinase (MMP13), a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS4, ADAMTS5) and their tissue metalloproteinase inhibitors (TIMP1, TIMP3) were evaluated by qRT-PCR or immunoassays. The involvement of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was also analyzed.Most ASC-CM ratios tested did not decrease IL6, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL3/MIP1-, CCL5/RANTES on basal inflamed chondrocytes or synoviocytes in contrast to what we found using ASC in co-culture. CXCL8/IL8 and CXCL1/GRO were not decreased by ASC-CM on synoviocytes but were only partially reduced on chondrocytes. Moreover, ASC-CM was less efficient both on basal inflamed OA chondrocytes and synoviocytes in reducing proteinases, such as MMP13, ADAMTS4, ADAMTS5 and increasing TIMP1 and TIMP3 compared to ASC in co-culture. The different ratios of ASC-CM contain lower amounts of PGE2 which were not sufficient to reduce inflammatory factors.These data show that ASC-CM has a limited ability to decrease inflammatory and proteinases factors produced by OA chondrocytes or synoviocytes. ASC-CM is not sufficient to recapitulate the beneficial effect demonstrated using ASC in co-culture with inflamed OA chondrocytes and synoviocytes and shows that their use in clinical trials is fundamental to counteract OA progression.

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