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Porto, Portugal

Lopez-Fernandez X.M.,University of Vigo | Alvarez-Marino C.,University of Vigo | Couto D.,University of Vigo | Ramos A.J.,EFACEC Energia
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny

In this paper, a detailed modelling methodology for simulating the internal very fast transient voltage distribution in any complex winding arrangement encountered in large power transformers is presented. The proposed model is based on RLCG lumped frequency-dependent parameters taking into account different combinations of windings such as including the presence of the tap charger. The numerical Laplace transform and modal analysis are applied for carrying out the time solutions. Measurements were carried out and compared with simulation results. Source

Alvarez-Marino C.,University of Vigo | Lopez-Fernandez X.M.,University of Vigo | Ramos A.J.M.J.,EFACEC Energia | Lopes R.A.F.C.,EFACEC Energia | Couto J.M.D.,EFACEC Energia
COMPEL - The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Purpose - This paper aims to present and define a factor to assess the severity supported along transformer windings when the transformer is subjected to a transient voltage waveform due a switching operation of a vacuum circuit breaker (VCB). This factor is identified as time domain severity factor (TDSF). Design/methodology/approach - Since each of switching waveforms depend on the electrical interaction between transformer and the VCB, it implies that each of those combinations is characterized by a TDSF. To obtain the TDSF implies to manage two different models of the transformer under consideration. Firstly, a terminal model (black box model) of the transformer is built to compute the switching waveform at transformer terminals during VCB operation. Then, a detailed model (white box model) of the transformer is used to compute the internal transient voltage distribution along transformer windings. Findings - A practical application of a power system consisting of a real transformer connected to a VCB is performed to show the sensibility of the TDSF coefficient. Originality/value - Previous works found in the literature already consider the evaluation of the overvoltages in transformer associated to switching transient by coefficients, such as the frequency domain severity factor (FDSF). But this factor, as a global coefficient, could not assess the severity along windings to localize dielectrically weak points. Therefore, this paper overcomes this limitation proposing an alternative coefficient identified as time domain severity factor (TDSF). © 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved. Source

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