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Selvi Y.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Aydin A.,Education and Research Hospital | Boysan M.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Atli A.,Yuzuncu Yil University | And 2 more authors.
Chronobiology International | Year: 2010

Research interest concerning associations between sleep characteristics and suicidality in psychopathology has been growing. However, possible linkages of suicidality to sleep characteristics in terms of sleep quality and chronotypes among depressive patients have not been well documented. In the current study, the authors investigated the possible effects of sleep quality and chronotype on the severity of depressive symptoms and suicide risk in patients with depressive disorder and healthy controls. The study was conducted on 80 patients clinically diagnosed with major depression and 80 healthy subjects who were demographically matched with the patient group. All participants completed a questionnaire package containing self-report measures, including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), MorningnessEveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), and Suicide Ideation Scale (SIS), and subjects were interviewed with the suicidality section of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results are as follows: (a) logistic regression analyses revealed that poor sleep quality and depression symptom severity significantly predicted onset of major depression; (b) morningness-type circadian rhythm may play as a significant relief factor after onset of major depression; (c) sleep variables of chronotype and sleep quality did not significantly predict suicide ideation after controlling for depressive symptoms in the major depression group; and (d) suicide ideation and poor sleep quality were antecedents of depression symptom severity in patients with major depression, and in healthy controls. Findings are discussed under the theoretical assumptions concerning possible relations between chronotype, sleep quality, depression, and suicidality. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Karaca N.,Education and Research Hospital | Dereli T.,Ege University
Annals of Family Medicine | Year: 2012

PURPOSE Ingrown toenail is one of the most common nail conditions. Although many surgical treatments are described for complicated cases, recurrence of pain and postoperative disability are common. We evaluated the long-term effi cacy of proximolateral matrix partial excision followed by chemical matricectomy with phenol. METHODS We performed 348 proximolateral partial matricectomies and phenol ablations in 225 patients with stage 2 or 3 ingrown toenail. Patients were examined weekly until full wound healing was achieved and were observed for 24 months to assess the long-term effi cacy of the treatment. RESULTS Short-term results were good. We observed only 1 recurrence during the 24-month follow-up period, at 8 months. The success rate was therefore 99.7%. No severe complications occurred. Cosmetic results were remarkably good. CONCLUSIONS Proximolateral partial matricectomy with phenol ablation is an excellent surgical method for the treatment of ingrown toenails, having low morbidity and a high success rate, even in the long term.

Selvi Y.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Aydin A.,Education and Research Hospital | Atli A.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Boysan M.,Yuzuncu Yil University | And 2 more authors.
Chronobiology International | Year: 2011

Morning- and evening-type individuals differ on a number of psychological and biological variables. There has been increasing interest in the relationship between chronotype and personality traits. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impulsivity and chronotype in suicide attempters. Eighty-nine suicide attempters were included in the study, and systematic information on suicide attempts was recorded. The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire was applied to determine chronotype, and attempter impulsivity was measured by the total score of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Significant differences between chronotype and impulsivity scores were found. Evening-type subjects reported significantly higher impulsivity scores than both neither- and morning-types. A significant association between chronotype and type of suicide attempt was detected. The largest proportion of violent suicide attempters were evening-type subjects. Violent suicide attempters also reported significantly higher impulsivity scores than nonviolent attempters. Previous studies have pointed out possible relations between eveningness and impulsivity. Current findings suggest that eveningness may be a risk factor for violent suicide attempts by increasing impulsivity. © Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Background: To date, many techniques for the surgical treatment of postburn scar contractures have been described. Some of the most popular techniques are Z-plasty, V-Y-plasty and their analogues. A major limitation of these techniques is that the excess tissue requires excision of the dog ear. The current study presents a new modification of the double-opposing Z- and V-plasty, called 'K-M-N plasty'. Methods: Twenty postburn scar contractures were successfully treated with K-M-N plasty. The postoperative results depict the versatility of this technique in the surgical treatment of postburn scar contractures, espe- cially in the upper and lower extremities. Results: There was no distal flap necrosis, and postoperative recovery was uneventful in all operated patients. K-M-N plasty is an effective and alternative method for the surgical treatment of postburn scar contractures. In addition, drawing and flap transpositions were not complicated. Discussion: There are many advantages to using this technique: K-M-N plasty can be safely used when skin tension crosses the contracture line; it is superior to other local flaps because of its rich vascularity and mobility for superficial scars; it can be recommended to the inexperienced surgeon because it can be performed with ease; it is also an effective proce- dure for the pericontracture area due to its V limb (it can prevent recon- tracture); the colour and texture matches are more cosmetically acceptable, and the resultant contracture release is similar to other techniques; the dog ear formation is not seen; it can be performed under local anesthesia in most cases (not in children); and it has a shorter period of operation and hospitalization than other techniques. © 2010 Pulsus Group Inc.

Gunal S.Y.,Erciyes University | Ustundag B.,Firat University | Gunal A.I.,Education and Research Hospital
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2013

The aim of this study is to evaluate the oxidative stress in predialysis, hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis patients and to test the effects of antihypertensive drugs and volume control on oxidative stress parameters. The study was composed of five groups as follows: control group (n = 30), predialysis group (n = 30), peritoneal dialysis group (n = 30), hemodialysis group, (normotensive with strict volume control, n = 30), hemodialysis group (normotensive with medication, n = 30). Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) and routine biochemical parameters were studied in all patients. Hemodialysis patients with strict volume control (HDvc) had lower levels of MDA than other patient groups (p < 0.001), and CAT, SOD values had highest level other patient groups (p < 0.001). The treatment of hypertension with strict volume control in chronic renal failure patients causes less damage to the antioxidant capacity. © 2013 Association of Clinical Biochemists of India.

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