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Edogawa-ku, Japan

Baez-Escudero J.L.,Methodist Hospital Research Institute | Keida T.,Edogawa Hospital | Dave A.S.,Methodist Hospital Research Institute | Okishige K.,Red Cross | Valderrabano M.,Methodist Hospital Research Institute
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Objectives This study sought to determine whether ethanol infusion in the vein of Marshall (VOM) can ablate intrinsic cardiac nerves (ICN). Background ICN cluster around the left atrial epicardium and are implicated in the genesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods Patients undergoing catheter AF ablation underwent adjunctive ethanol injection in the VOM. A multipolar catheter was introduced in the VOM and used for high-frequency stimulation (HFS), either as HFS with P-wave synchronized (SynchHFS), 30 pulses, 100 Hz (n = 8) or as HFS with 3 to 10 s bursts (BurstHFS), 33 Hz (n = 72) at 25 mA for 1-ms duration. Atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction slowing (asystole >2 s or R-R interval prolongation >50%) and AF inducibility were assessed before and after VOM ethanol infusion. Up to 4 1-ml infusions of 98% ethanol were delivered via an angioplasty balloon in the VOM. Results SynchHFS induced AF in 8 of 8 patients. In 4 of 8 AF initiated spontaneously without VOM capture. No parasympathetic responses were elicited by SynchHFS. BurstHFS was performed in 32 patients undergoing de novo AF ablation (Group 1) and 40 patients undergoing repeat ablation (Group 2). Parasympathetic responses were found in all 32 Group 1 patients and in 75% of Group 2 patients. After VOM ethanol infusion, parasympathetic responses were abolished in all patients (both groups). There were no acute complications related to VOM ethanol infusion. Conclusions The VOM contains ICN that connect with the AV node and can trigger AF. Retrograde ethanol infusion in the VOM reliably eliminates local ICN responses. The VOM is a vascular route for ICN-targeting therapies. © 2014 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Nausea and vomiting are among the most problematic symptoms experienced by patients with cancer who are receiving chemotherapy. 5-hydroxytryptamine 3(5-HT3)-receptor antagonists, NK1 receptor antagonists(aprepitant)and dexamethasone are now the standard therapies for preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting(CINV)that follow highly emetogenic chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and anthracycline. However, since it is not cleared which 5-HT3-recepter antagonist is a proper treatment for combined use with aprepitant and dexamethasone, we conducted a questionnaire survey, which used the numerical rating scale(NRS), for comparing palonosetron with granisetron in the same patient. Palonosetron showed a significant improvement of nausea for both acute(within 24 hours)and delayed phase(24-120 hours later), regardless of the type of chemotherapy(cisplatin or anthracycline-based regimen). Furthermore, palonosetron had a tolerable safety profile. Our study suggests that palonosetron-based antiemetic treatment will be a preferred choice for preventing CINV following highly emetogenic chemotherapy.

Kajimoto K.,Sensoji Hospital | Sato N.,Nippon Medical School | Keida T.,Edogawa Hospital | Sakata Y.,Osaka University | Takano T.,Nippon Medical School
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2015

Background and objectives The relationship among anemia, renal dysfunction, left ventricular ejection fraction, and outcomes of patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between cardiorenal anemia syndrome and postdischarge outcomes in patients hospitalized for heart failure with a preserved or reduced ejection fraction. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Of 4842 patients enrolled in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Syndromes Registry between April 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011, 4393 patients were evaluated to investigate the association among anemia, renal dysfunction, preserved or reduced ejection fraction, and the primary end point (mortality and readmission for heart failure since discharge). The patients were divided into four groups on the basis of eGFR and hemoglobin at discharge. The median follow-up period after dischargewas 432 (range=253–659) days. Results The primary end point was reached in 37.6% and 34.8% of the preserved and reduced ejection fraction groups, respectively. After adjustment for multiple comorbidities, there was no significant association of either renal dysfunction or anemia alone with the primary end point in patients with preserved ejection fraction, but the combination of renal dysfunction and anemia was associated with a significantly higher risk than that without either condition (hazard ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.12 to 2.12; P,0.01). In patients with reduced ejection fraction, adjusted analysis showed that a significantly higher risk of the primary end point was associated with renal dysfunction alone (hazard ratio, 1.65; 95% confidence interval, 1.21 to 2.25; P=0.002) and also, renal dysfunction plus anemia relative to the risk without either condition (hazard ratio, 2.19; 95%confidence interval, 1.62 to 2.96; P,0.001). Conclusions The findings show that renal dysfunction combined with anemia is associated with an increased risk of adverse post discharge outcomes in patients with preserved ejection fraction, whereas renal dysfunction is an independent predictor of the risk of adverse outcomes in patients with reduced ejection fraction, regardless of anemia. Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Nephrology

Kato M.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Inoshita N.,Toranomon Hospital | Sugiyama T.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Tani Y.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | And 4 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2012

There are two main subtypes of GH-producing pituitary adenoma: densely granulated (DG-type) and sparsely granulated (SG-type). Despite the difference in drug responsiveness between the two subtypes, their molecular mechanisms remain unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the differential expression of genes related to drug responsiveness between the two subtypes of somatotroph adenoma, and their relationship to the clinical characteristics. Eighty-two acromegaly patients (44 DG-type, 38 SG-type) were studied retrospectively. Clinical characteristics were compared between the two subtypes. Among them, 36 tumor tissue specimens (19 DG-type, 17 SG-type) were available for investigation of the expression of SSTR2, SSTR5 and D2R that are reported to be involved in drug responsiveness by realtime RT-PCR. Protein level was evaluated by immunohistochemical study. Patients with SG-type adenomas were younger in age and showed greater GH suppression by octreotide, but not by bromocriptin, and bigger in size and more invasiveness than DG-type adenomas. The mRNA expression of SSTR2 in DG-type adenomas were greater than those in SG-type adenomas and showed significantly positive correlation with GH suppression by octreotide. There was positive correlation between mRNA and protein levels of SSTR2. These data suggested that the differences of responsiveness to octreotide between DG- and SG-type adenomas are based on the expression levels of SSTR2. © The Japan Endocrine Society.

Sato N.,Nippon Medical School | Kajimoto K.,Sensoji Hospital | Keida T.,Edogawa Hospital | Mizuno M.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2013

Background: Hospitalized heart failure (HHF) is a critical issue in Japan. To improve its management and outcomes, the clinical features, in-hospital management, and outcomes should be analyzed to improve the guidelines for HHF. Methods and Results: The acute decompensated heart failure syndromes (ATTEND) registry is the largest study of HHF in Japan. The present report covers the clinical features and in-hospital management of HHF patients. The data from 4,842 enrolled patients have demonstrated that most Japanese HHF patients are elderly, with new onset, and a history of hypertension and orthopnea on admission. During hospitalization, furosemide and carperitide were commonly used and the length of stay was extremely long (mean 30 days), with 6.4% in-hospital mortality. Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest the following: (1) the focus for hypertensive elderly and diabetic patients should be on primary prevention of HHF,(2) more intensive management with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation should be performed at the urgent stage, (3) it is necessary to clarify the clinical benefit of carperitide and angiotensin-receptor blockers, because they are commonly used in Japan, and (4) it is necessary to clarify the relationship between in-hospital mortality and length of stay from the viewpoint of both outcome and cost of patient care.

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