Hunkar R.,Edirne State Hospital
Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society | Year: 2012
Stroke is the third most common cause of mortality and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in the world. Entrapment neuropathies may cause morbidity after stroke. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the development of entrapment neuropathies in severe stroke patients within the chronic stages of the event. Thirty-two patients with first ever ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were included in the study. The nerve conduction studies were performed at least 6 months after the event. Ten age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were evaluated as control subjects. Twelve patients (37.5%) had median nerve neuropathy at the wrist, and 12 patients (37.5%) had ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow in the symptomatic extremities. Eight patients (25%) had median nerve neuropathy at the wrist, and 6 patients (18.7%) had ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow in the asymptomatic extremities. Our results confirm that in chronic stroke patients, the entrapment neuropathies may be an important cause for morbidity, and these entrapment neuropathies could be seen bilaterally but more prominent in the paretic sides.
Yildiz S.Y.,Kocaeli Derince Training and Research Hospital |
Berkem H.,Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital |
Yuksel B.C.,Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital |
Ozel H.,Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2014
Background: During the past 25 years, the incidence of thyroid papillary carcinoma (TPC), especially the micropapillary subtype, has been increasing in different countries worldwide. The rise in the rate of thyroid malignancies were also determined in Turkey in the last two decades. This fact was attributed to the Chernobyl accident because Turkey is one of the affected countries by the radioactive fallout. The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the parameters of the thyroid and put forth the reasons in a 14-year period.Methods: The patient records, demographic and malignancy characteristics, and operations of 1,585 patients who had a thyroidectomy from 1996 to 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. The study was divided in two equal time periods for comparison of data.Results: A total of 216 thyroid carcinomas (13.6%) were diagnosed in the study period. There was a significant increase in the frequency of papillary (P <0.023) and micropapillary (P <0.001) carcinomas when the two different time periods were compared. The rate of follicular, medullary and other types of malignancies did not change. In the second period (2003 to 2009) of analysis, the rate of micropapillary carcinoma (P = 0.001) and within male (P = 0.031) and female (P <0.001) genders, application of total thyroidectomy (p = 0.029), and multicentric disease (P = 0.015) increased significantly. A slight decrease in the mean age of the whole number of patients and patients with papillary and micropapillary carcinomas (P >0.05) was observed. The increased number of TPC >10 mm was insignificant. Geographic region and age specific malignancy increase was not determined.Conclusions: Micropapillary carcinoma has become a dominant type of thyroid malignancy in Turkey. The main reasons of this transition were mandatory iodization and much higher application of total thyroidectomy in surgery. Improvement in healthcare and diagnostic techniques are the complementary factors. Due to its lack of molecular and genetic basis from the perspective of thyroid cancer, the Chernobyl disaster has lost its importance in Turkey. © 2014 Yildiz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Altay S.,Edirne State Hospital |
Onat A.,Istanbul University |
Karadeniz Y.,Haseki Training and Research Hospital |
Ozpamuk-Karadeniz F.,Siyami Ersek Center for Cardiovascular Surgery |
Can G.,Istanbul University
Journal of Investigative Medicine | Year: 2015
Aim The aim of the study was to evaluate the predictive value of HbA1c for risk of overall mortality or a composite endpoint of death and nonfatal events. Methods Logistic regression retrospectively assessed the longitudinal association of measured HbA1c with outcome in 746 middle-aged adults, recruited from a tertiary health center and stratified to absence or presence of type 2 diabetes, using the recent American Diabetes Association criteria. Results A total of 70 deaths and additional incident nonfatal events in 82 cases were recorded at a median of 3.1-year follow-up. Multivariable linear regression revealed among nondiabetic individuals HbA1c to be significantly associated - independent of fasted glucose - inversely with triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, distinct from the diabetic sample. Sex and diabetes status differed in baseline HbA1c values with respect to the development of outcome. Nondiabetic men who subsequently died exhibited significantly lower HbA1c, as did men and women with incident coronary heart disease. Similar difference was observed for incident hypothyroidism and nondiabetic subjects developing malignancy. In logistic regression analysis, adjusted for sex, age, and fasting glucose, each 0.7% (SD, 1) decrement of baseline HbA1c predicted the composite endpoint in the nondiabetic sample (risk estimates, 1.49%; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.04), but not in the diabetic sample, whereas overall mortality in the whole sample was increased (risk estimates, 1.51%; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.17). Conclusions Inverse association of HbA1c with adverse outcomes in men and nondiabetic people indicates the involvement of HbA1c levels in autoimmune activation. The weaker inverse association with prevalent diabetes and in women is consistent with the operation of more pronounced confounding autoimmune processes. © 2015 by The American Federation for Medical Research.
Elipek T.,Edirne State Hospital |
Utkan N.Z.,Kocaeli University
Balkan Medical Journal | Year: 2012
Objective: Bacterial Translocation (BT) from the gastrointestinal system is at the center of current sepsis theories. In patients with obstructive jaundice, the absence of intraluminal bile flow causes some alterations and mucosal damage in the gut. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate the effects on BT of high-fat enteral nutrition in bile duct ligated rats. Material and Methods: In this study, a total of 28 healthy Spraque-Dawley rats, weighing 230-300 gr, were grouped into four as sham group, control group, high-fat enteral nutrition group and low-fat enteral nutrition group. The rats in all the groups were sacrificed on the seventh postoperative day The values of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total and direct bilirubin were measured for biochemical evaluation. Also, samples were taken from the blood, lung, liver, spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes for microbiological evaluation. The results were calculated as CFU/gr and evaluated statistically. Results: In all bile duct ligated rats, all findings of obstructive jaundice were observed clinically (in postoperatively third day) and in the laboratory. It was determined that the lymphatic system is an essential pathway for BT, as reported by similar studies. However, it was observed in this study that the high-fat enteral nutrition may be not severely effective in reducing BT in bile duct ligated rats. The results were supported by statistical analyses. Conclusion: It was observed that high-fat enteral nutrition has no meaningful effects on reducing BT in bile duct ligated rats. © Trakya University Faculty of Medicine.
Copuroglu C.,Trakya University |
Ercan S.,Edirne State Hospital |
Ozcan M.,Trakya University |
Ciftdemir M.,Trakya University |
And 2 more authors.
Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica | Year: 2011
Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of haemostatic agents used at the autograft donor sites in spinal fusion. Methods: The study included 66 patients (26 men, 40 women; mean age: 42.9 years) who underwent spinal fusion surgery between March 1999 and October 2002. Patients were randomly assigned to 4 different groups according to the haemostatic agents used during surgery. In Group 1, bone wax was used on the graft donor site. In Group 2, spongostan was used. In Group 3, spongostan was applied to the donor site and removed after 10 minutes. Group 4 was the control group and no haemostatic agent was applied. Age, sex, diagnosis and incision shape were not taken into consideration during the selection of patient groups. Closed suction drainage systems were used for the evaluation of drainage amount. The drainage system was removed after 48 hours in patients with a daily drainage of less than 30 cc. Results: In Group 1, there was significantly less drainage than the other groups. Group 2 and Group 3 had less drainage than the control group. When a separate incision was used for graft harvesting, keeping the spongostan at the application site (Group 2) was more effective than its removal (Group 3). Conclusion: The application of bone wax and spongostan to bleeding cancellous bone surfaces at the donor site is a safe and effective method to reduce bleeding and hematoma. Bone wax is more effective than spongostan for haemostasis. © 2011 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.