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Edinboro, PA, United States

Not to be confused with the University of Edinburgh.Edinboro University is a public liberal arts university located in Edinboro, Pennsylvania, USA, and one of 14 schools associated with the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. The town is named after Edinburgh in Scotland. Edinboro University is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools . It has more than 8,000 enrolled students spread between the 585 acres main campus as well as the Porreco Center in Erie and a temporary campus location at Parkside Commons in Meadville. Wikipedia.

Tshudy D.,Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Advances in Marine Biology | Year: 2013

This chapter presents and explains the position of Nephrops norvegicus in the classification of lobsters. Covered, in order, are systematic classification of Nephrops, taxonomic history of Nephrops, and analysis of Nephrops in nephropid phylogeny.The genus Nephrops was erected by Leach in 1814 and has a long and interesting taxonomic history. Prior to 1972, Nephrops was known by 14 Recent species. All but one of these, N. norvegicus, were removed to a new genus, Metanephrops, by Jenkins (1972). Today, N. norvegicus is still the only known living representative of the genus.Similarly, Nephrops is known by only one fossil species, the Miocene Nephrops kvistgaardae, although several other fossil species have been previously referred to this genus.Nephrops, along with the other familiar and commercially important marine clawed lobsters, is referred to Family Nephropidae, one of 17 marine clawed lobster families arrayed in 3 infraorders, 6 families each in the Astacidea and Glypheidea and 5 in the Polychelida. Infraorder Astacidea includes the Superfamily Nephropoidea, as well as the lesser known 'reef lobsters' of the Superfamily Enoplometopoidea, and the freshwater crayfish, Superfamily Astacoidea. In phylogenetic analyses, the freshwater crayfish form a sister group to the Nephropoidea. It is interpreted that freshwater crayfish evolved from nephropoid lobsters, but from which lobster group is uncertain.The taxonomic placement of N. norvegicus is stable at all levels, from species on up. Despite that, the phylogenetic relationships of Nephrops to other nephropid genera are unsettled due to conflicting results in morphological and molecular analyses. Currently, new morphological characters and new genes are being analysed in the hope of elucidating nephropid phylogeny. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Lee W.,Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Applied Geography | Year: 2012

This paper assesses the impacts of multiple job and worker relocation policies on commuting by predicting average minimum commutes by worker type. Each relocation policy contains a set of policy constraints including the worker shift ratio as a measure of jobs-housing balance. The objectives are: (1) to develop a disaggregated linear program measuring the minimum commutes under different relocation policy scenarios, (2) to examine the impacts of worker shift ratio on commuting by worker type, and (3) to identify the effect of occupational heterogeneity on the average minimum commute. Census Transportation Planning Package data are used for the analysis of a tri-state area including Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. The empirical results suggest that the worker shift ratio has impacts on the minimum commutes and varying levels of minimum commutes are found across occupational groups. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Orr P.P.,Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Arts in Psychotherapy | Year: 2010

Art therapy internships are arguably one of the most important aspects in the training of future professionals in the field. Many counselors and educators have written about the need for greater links between universities and fieldwork placements (Howey, 1996; Imig & Switzer, 1996; Ishler, Edens, & Berry, 1996; Khamis, 2000; Perraton, 2000; Rahman et al., 2006). Most of the current research on providing distance supervision has been written in education and general counseling journals and usually are examining international uses of supervision (Rahman et al., 2006; Roland et al., 2006). In both education and counseling fields, as in art therapy, the use of the Internet to provide supervision has the similar issues of confidentiality of the clients or students, the ability to observe and provide feedback, and the need to see the student or beginning professional conducting sessions, and the sharing of the session/class products for assessment and review (Burrak, 2008; Simpson, 2006; Szeftel et al., 2008). In the art therapy field, there have been presentations at national conferences on techniques for distance supervision, but there has yet to be a written research study on the topic. Therefore, this paper will investigate what has been researched and written about in the general counseling and education fields in order to provide a framework of understanding to work within. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Snyder H.,Edinboro University of Pennsylvania | Pope A.W.,St. Johns University
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal | Year: 2010

Objective: To obtain descriptive information about diagnosis-specific patterns of psychosocial adjustment for children and adolescents with craniofacial anomalies. Design: Chart review of medical records was used to obtain psychosocial checklists. Scores were compared with published norms to evaluate elevated risk of problems, separately for six diagnostic groups. Setting: Plastic surgery department in urban university medical center. Participants: As part of routine ongoing care, 408 caregivers completed checklists assessing psychosocial adjustment of children aged 2 to 18 years with diagnosis of cleft lip and palate, cleft lip only, cleft palate only, craniosynostosis, hemifacial microsomia, and hemangioma. Main Outcome Measure: Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991, 1992). Results: The craniosynostosis group showed elevated rates (beyond norms) of social, academic, and attention problems. The cleft lip and palate group showed elevations in social problems and deficits in social, academic, and activities competencies. The other diagnostic groups had few areas of elevated problems and had reduced risk in some areas. Conclusion: Specific patterns of strengths and weaknesses in psychosocial adjustment may vary by craniofacial anomaly diagnosis. Replication of these findings, with extension to other craniofacial anomaly diagnoses, is warranted. Source

Orr P.,Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Arts in Psychotherapy | Year: 2012

Seven years after an initial survey of art therapists that explored digital media use and training, the survey was re-issued to determine how art therapists' perceptions, practices, and training related to the use of digital media in art therapy have evolved, and whether or not this evolution in understanding and use of digital media kept pace with that of the general population. Both surveys targeted 250 art therapists each. The first survey was conducted through email and the second survey was conducted using Survey Monkey. After comparing the two surveys to each other and trends from the general population, it was determined that the adoption of digital technology by art therapists to manage their practice has kept pace with the general population. The use of digital media as an art tool within practice is increasing quickly, but with reservations. The main reservation that art therapists cite about using digital media surrounds ethical issues. Generally the training in the use of digital media by art therapists has not kept up with the adoption rate of technology by art therapists. Thus more training for art therapists in the use of digital media is needed, particularly in the area of understanding ethics that surrounds its use. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

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