North East, United Kingdom

Edge Hill University
North East, United Kingdom

Edge Hill University is a campus-based public university situated in Ormskirk, Lancashire, England. The institution was opened on 24 January 1885 as Edge Hill College, the first non-denominational teacher training college for women in England, before admitting its first male students in 1959. In 2005, Edge Hill was granted Taught Degree Awarding Powers by the Privy Council and became Edge Hill University on 18 May 2006.Edge Hill was named University of the Year in 2014 in the 10th annual Times Higher Education Awards. The University had been shortlisted three times previously, 200711 and 2011/12 making it the only university to be shortlisted four times in seven years. In 2013 the university’s Students’ Union was voted best in the North West and the institution was voted top in the North West for overall student satisfaction.The university's campus is situated in Ormskirk in West Lancashire and was named the safest campus to live at in the North West and the fifth-safest in the country by The Complete University Guide. A focus on sustainability has resulted in Edge Hill winning a Green Flag Award as well as a commendation in the 2011 Green Gown Awards made by the Environmental Association for Universities and Colleges.The university has three faculties: Arts and science, Education, and Health and Social Care which teach at both undergraduate and post-graduate level. Wikipedia.

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News Article | May 29, 2017

In 2015, almost everyone on the internet—92 percent—used emojis. That same year, Bitstrips CEO Jacon Blackstock told Business Insider he helped create a better replacement: Bitmojis. Bitmoji is an app for iOS and Android to create a personal emoji. You can, in your likeness, go through an entire library of scenarios ranging from doling out cash with a cat on your head to being sucked away from paradise, back to your boring desk job: While it's unknown if users have actually replaced emojis with this, the app is nonetheless popular. This April, Bitmoji was the No. 1 most downloaded app in five markets, according to App Annie, an app analytics company. Per comScore, the app has seen a 5,000 percent growth in monthly unique visitors in the past two years. The surge was no doubt partly due to being acquired by Snap Inc., and Bitmoji integration in the Snapchat app. There is something enticing in itself, though, about creating an alter-ego. You can customize make-up, body-shape; older users can give themselves wrinkles. Bitmoji can wear a designer outfit you yourself cannot afford. Bitmojis convey an entire scene impossible to express with text, or with an emoji. The alter-ego may be in a scenario unexplainable even in a face-to-face talk (describing the cash and cat image above is an example). Your Bitmoji, an extension of you, can express what you may not be able to yourself. Psychologist Linda Kaye of Edge Hill University has researched what emojis say, if anything, about our behavior. She says that emojis and Bitmojis are both used as "icons to sum up an overall feeling or thought in one icon in a way which is more holistic than a string of words." Every Friday, the Bitmoji team unloads six "Newmoji" to add to the mix. In recent months, there has been a growing trend of existential 'mojis like these: "Bitmojis and emojis can add an extra layer to the discourse, and on some case can portray more than just words on their own," Kaye said. "Take the sentence; 'I'm back at uni tomorrow' and then 'I'm back at uni tomorrow '—clearly one gives more information than the other without any changes to the written language itself." Is it possible that Bitmoji has become so popular because they can provide more information to difficult conversations? You may more readily send a Bitmoji of flies coming out of your empty wallet than write in words, "I'm too broke right now." You may more readily send a chipper Bitmoji holding an "I hate myself" mug rather than write out a self-loathing comment. The personalization of Bitmojis enriches the experience: it's not a generic avatar's wallet that is empty, it's yours. "[Bitmojis] represent not just emotions but an expression which is representative of the individual themselves," Kaye explained. This allows us to express both our current state and how we feel about ourselves. "This can reveal more about the person in respect of their self identity or self image in a way which emojis can't," she said, "which makes them very interesting as communication tools." Bitmoji has not released much data, but according to a March 2016 interview with Blackstock in Forbes, employees pay attention to it. They know how many users share happy Bitmojis and how many share angry and upset ones. The increase in these "Bitmojis in distress," then, may be revealing to how often they are used. Every batch of Newmojis seems to have at least one distraught image in the bunch. Economist Seth Stephens-Davidowitz said he learned, from five years of studying Google data, that "we're all a mess." Perhaps Bitmoji animators have picked up on the same thing. Subscribe to Science Solved It, Motherboard's new show about the greatest mysteries that were solved by science.

Agency: GTR | Branch: ESRC | Program: | Phase: Fellowship | Award Amount: 70.98K | Year: 2012

Human brain needs an effective method of selecting stimuli relevant to its behavioural gaols while ignoring irrelevant stimuli.

Visual selection appears to be controlled by information held in Working Memory (WM), which serves to bias selection in favour of stimuli that match the item(s) in WM. Recent evidence on the relations between WM and attention suggests that information in WM can guide attention even when the information is irrelevant to the task at hand. Research has examined how this apparent automatic guidance of attention from WM directs visual attention. The findings suggest that attentional guidance from WM is not tied to an exact match between the stimuli, since it can transfer between different exemplars of an object. In addition, the automatic guidance process seems to be particularly strong in neuropsychological patients with frontal lobe lesions, which suggests that the frontal lobes may be required to prioritise task-specific information and to isolate this information from effects of other stimuli being held in WM.

Utilising Event Related Potentials (ERP), which reflects momentary changes in scalp activity; the study aims to provide an online measure of the nature of the transfer of capture from WM and between different exemplars of objects.


Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-10-2016 | Award Amount: 4.52M | Year: 2017

Recent reports state that the adoption of open-source software (OSS) helps, resulting in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers. However, the use of OSS also comes at enormous cost: choosing among OSS projects and maintaining dependence on continuously changing software requires a large investment. Deciding if an OSS project meets the required standards for adoption is hard, and keeping up-to-date with an evolving project is even harder. It involves analysing code, documentation, online discussions, and issue trackers. There is too much information to process manually and it is common that uninformed decisions have to be made with detrimental effects. CROSSMINER remedies this by automatically extracting the required knowledge and injecting it into the IDE of the developers, at the time they need it to make their design decisions. This allows them to reduce their effort in knowledge acquisition and to increase the quality of their code. CROSSMINER uniquely combines advanced software project analyses with online monitoring in the IDE. The developer will be monitored to infer which information is timely, based on readily available knowledge stored earlier by a set of advanced offline deep analyses of related OSS projects. To achieve this timely and ambitious goal, CROSSMINER combines six end-user partners (in the domains of IoT, multi-sector IT services, API co-evolution, software analytics, software quality assurance, and OSS forges), along with R&D partners that have a long track-record in conducting cutting-edge research on large-scale software analytics, natural language processing, reverse engineering of software components, model-driven engineering, and delivering results in the form of widely-used, sustainable and industrial-strength OSS. The development of the CROSSMINER platform is guided by an advisory board of world-class experts and the dissemination of the project will be led by The Open Group.

Up to 6000 patients per year in England acquire a central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infection (Shapey et al. 2008 ). Implementation of Department of Health guidelines through educational interventions has resulted in significant and sustained reductions in CVC-related blood stream infections (Pronovost et al. 2002), and cost (Hu et al. 2004 ). This review aimed to determine the features of structured educational interventions that impact on competence in aseptic insertion technique and maintenance of CV catheters by healthcare workers. We looked at changes in infection control behaviour of healthcare workers, and considered changes in service delivery and the clinical welfare of patients involved, provided they were related directly to the delivery method of the educational intervention. A total of 9968 articles were reviewed, of which 47 articles met the inclusion criteria. Findings suggest implications for practice: First, educational interventions appear to have the most prolonged and profound effect when used in conjunction with audit, feedback, and availability of new clinical supplies consistent with the content of the education provided. Second, educational interventions will have a greater impact if baseline compliance to best practice is low. Third, repeated sessions, fed into daily practice, using practical participation appear to have a small, additional effect on practice change when compared to education alone. Active involvement from healthcare staff, in conjunction with the provision of formal responsibilities and motivation for change, may change healthcare worker practice.

Monk R.L.,Edge Hill University
Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology | Year: 2013

Although much is known about the effect of one's cognitions on alcohol consumption, there has been considerably less examination of their contextually varying nature. Using panoramic filming and projection as a system of controlled contextual cueing the present study examined the effect of social influence and environmental cues on alcohol-related cognitions. A 2 × 2 factorial design simultaneously varied environmental cues (bar or lecture based panoramic videos) with social influence (peer group or solitary assessment). Results indicated that participants' positive outcome expectancies were higher, and drink refusal self efficacy was lower, when they were assessed as part of a group rather than alone. Participants exposed to pub, as opposed to lecture-based cues, also showed greater expectancies and lower drink refusal self efficacy. An interactive effect of social influence and environmental cues was observed for both positive and negative expectancies. Group testing and alcohol-related cueing also resulted in higher ratings of participants' own and others' alcohol consumption when compared with solitary testing and neutral cueing conditions. It is concluded that environmental and social contextual factors may be important mediators of alcohol-related cognitions, a finding that potentially has implications for the delivery of interventions. (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

Millie A.,Edge Hill University
British Journal of Criminology | Year: 2012

Architecture has for many years been of interest to criminology in terms of its role in social control and crime prevention. This article focuses on architecture as reassurance and the specific example of the police station-what is an under-researched topic. Supporting evidence is presented from a study of police stations in three English police forces. The study's aims were modest and exploratory, to draw on theoretical and empirical evidence to consider whether police stations are a worthwhile area of criminological/architectural study, and to investigate the possibility that police stations could contribute to public reassurance. Using the language of semiotics, the article argues that meanings attached to police stations can contribute to reassurance by affecting people's emotive 'readings' of security and safety; yet, to do this, there has to be a rethink for many existing stations in terms of what these buildings communicate. The article adopts an interpretivist view of meaning acknowledging that buildings can mean different things to different people. It is suggested that numerous police stations can be read as intimidating fortresses; many others are secret places; while others are potentially public buildings where the public are welcomed. Implications for a policy of reassurance are discussed in light of the current cuts to police budgets. An agenda for further systematic research is suggested. © 2012 The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD). All rights reserved.

Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Fellowship | Award Amount: 37.65K | Year: 2012

The Ottoman Empire governed the Middle East for four centuries. Following the defeat of the Ottomans by the Allies during the First World War, that political system was swept away. In its place came a system of new states in Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia; a raft of violent ethnic, religious and nationalist conflicts; and the establishment of autocratic elites and Zionist colonialists propped up by Western empires and the international community. This research project is the first study of the ideas that shaped the Wests attempt to replace the Ottoman Empire, their origins, evolution and effects. This research focuses on the actions of the British Empire, which occupied the former lands of the Ottoman Empire during the war and was the prime mover in developing a new vision for the region. During the war, British Western Asia specialists developed the concept of the Middle East- a region based upon the principle of nationality under the tutelage of the West, particularly the British themselves. Western Asia was viewed by these policy-makers as a developing region, between East and West, the historical basis of which were the ancient nations of the Arabs, Jews and Armenians that had been oppressed by the despotic Ottoman Turks. The project begins by exploring the origins of this view of the region, and places it within the wider context of an intellectual world shaped by racial, nationalist and Orientalist assumptions. This concept of a nation-based Middle East was championed by senior British policy-makers as they believed it would mobilise support for the war among the peoples of the region and their diasporas, and coincided with the commitment to national self-determination made by the powerful United States and others in the international community. As protectors of the oppressed nations of the Middle East, the British hoped to secure post-war control of strategically important areas in the region. Imperialism was thus to be re-invented for the age of nationality. The second part of the research project explores the global propaganda campaign that was undertaken by the British Empire to advertise its commitment to a new era of nationality and freedom in a post-Ottoman Middle East. Looking at press, film, posters, pamphlets, and books, the research examines how the British Empire spread the idea of a new age of nationality around the world. It shows how this propaganda machine increased the influence of nationalism among Arabs, Jews and Armenians on a massive scale. The final part of the project analyses the impact and consequences of the idea of a nation-based Middle East among the societies of the region and their diasporas. It shows how the British promotion of national self-determination had the unforeseen effect of mobilising widespread calls for immediate independence, without Western tutelage. When this independence was not forthcoming after the war, as the British and French Empires staked out their claims in the region, there was widespread protest and violence. This popular anti-colonial nationalism combined with a resurgent Turkey and lack of resources in Britain to result in a political system that was a far cry from the wartime slogans of freedom. Instead, the British and French Empires, with the approval of the international community in the new League of Nations, imposed a system that featured autocratic elites, quasi-colonies, and backing for Zionism. This system, in broad terms, remained in place until the beginning of the 21st century, and its remains to be seen how much of this system will survive the after effects of the Arab Spring of 2011.

Agency: GTR | Branch: NERC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 48.34K | Year: 2012

The proposed research would use chironomid midges from the sediments of Hawes Water, a small hard water lake in northwest England, to reconstruct summer temperatures for the past 5,000 years. Chironomids are one of the most widely used proxies for temperature reconstruction as they rapidly respond to even small changes in summer air temperatures. They are ideal for palaeo studies as the larval heads preserve well in sediments and many chironomid taxa are sensitive to a particular temperature range The record would provide temperatures at a resolution of approximately 30 years and would be the first high resolution quantitative record of climate change during this period from England and the only high resolution record in the UK. Past research at Hawes Water has shown the sensitivity of the site to climate changes, particularly those induced by changes in North Atlantic circulation (Marshall et al., 2007). Temperature records are available from Hawes Water for the period from ca. 14,500 to 5,000 years before 2000 (b2k). Until recently it had been thought that during the later Holocene (5,000 b2k to present) the increasing influence on the midge assemblage of human induced changes in lake water (particularly pH, nutrient and oxygen status) may override and confuse the temperature effect, thus affecting the reconstructions and making them inaccurate (see Velle et al., 2010 for discussions). However, comparisons of chironomid inferred temperature from Speke Hall Lake in Liverpool (an enriched polluted low oxygen lake) with local instrumental records for the last 80 years demonstrate that a chironomid-based temperature inference model can produce reliable estimates of mean July air temperatures, even from a lake experiencing large changes in heavy metal and sulphur pollution and nutrient status (Lang et al., imminent submission). The project will therefore extend the Hawes Water record into this Later Holocene period to produce the first complete high resolution summer temperature record from a single archive for the UK for the last 14500 years. The research would then use the reconstructed temperatures together with an existing stable oxygen isotope record from the site to reconstruct the oxygen isotope values of the paleao lake water (ISOCHIRO method of Marshall et al., 2007) for the last 5,000 years. The isotopic value of palaeo lake water directly links to that of precipitation and that of the source water from which it was evaporated (ie the north east Atlantic) and Marshall et al (2007) have shown that changes in the oxygen isotope values of early Holocene lake waters at Hawes Water were a direct downstream response to changes in North Atlantic circulation due to meltwater influxes from pro glacial lakes in America and Fenno-scandianavia. Results from this research will indicate any changes which may have taken place in the north eastern Atlantic surface waters during the later Holocene. Detailed examination of the two new records will give insight into the drivers of late Holocene climate change. Comparison of the isotopic meteoric water record and the temperature record will indicate the extent of the influence of oceanic changes on terrestrial climate and the extent to which climate change may be attributed to other climate drivers e.g. variations in solar irradiation. Completion of the full Holocene temperature record at Hawes Water will enable time series analysis which will indicate as to whether the inherent cyclicity which has been identified within the Holocene climate in some oceanic records (Bond et al., 1997) is also visible in terrestrial climate. Please see Case for Support for full reference details.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 60.50K | Year: 2011

To research and develop a performance tool to establish, set targets, measure and monitor outcomes in equality Performance Indicators for customers.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 30.25K | Year: 2013

To develop a system that will efficiently guide analysts through investigation best practise process, based on probable cause of discrepancy, as derived from previous investigations.

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