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Mwaura F.,Economic Policy Research Center | Muku O.,Tea Research Foundation of Kenya TRFK | Nyabundi K.W.,Tea Research Foundation of Kenya TRFK
Outlook on Agriculture | Year: 2010

Kenya's tea research advisory committee (RAC) expressed its desire to tackle poverty and minimum landholding issues to improve the economics of tea farming in Kenya. This paper presents the results of a survey undertaken to address these two factors. The economics of tea farming and the minimum land requirement for economic farming in various factory catchment areas are presented, together with cost-benefit analyses of tea enterprises, their contribution to welfare and the proportions of the landholdings of farmers of varying poverty status. Recommendations for interventions to improve farmers' welfare were examined via the dissemination of the survey findings, which received a positive response from all the stakeholders. Source


Lawson D.,University of Manchester | Kasirye I.,Economic Policy Research Center
Journal of International Development | Year: 2013

This paper uses quantitative and qualitative panel household data, for the period 1992-2009, to model the coping mechanisms of households when faced with crises in Uganda. We find that socio-economic determinants strongly influence coping mechanisms, with larger sized households being more likely to engage in the reduction of assets, and with households more likely to reduce food consumption when there is a drought and sell assets when faced with floods. Furthermore, being persistently poor and sick appear to result in disproportionately large reductions in assets over time-depleting a households asset base, and future coping mechanisms, of poorer households. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Mwaura F.M.,Economic Policy Research Center | Tungani J.O.,Sustainable Agriculture Center for Research | Sikuku D.,Sustainable Agriculture Center for Research | Woomer P.L.,Tech Forum
Outlook on Agriculture | Year: 2012

A new impetus is emerging with regard to the potential role that agricultural producer associations might play in improving rural economies. For this study, the use of cereal banking to improve accessibility to premium markets was assessed and the factors influencing farmers' decisions to join them were evaluated. The methodology involved a baseline survey of 213 smallholder maize producers in Bungoma district, western Kenya, plus a logit model analysis to predict the probabilities of farmers joining a cereal bank. Membership of other local community-based organizations and the actual harvests achieved strongly influence farmers' decisions to join a cereal bank. Source


Mwaura F.M.,Economic Policy Research Center | Okoboi G.,Economic Policy Research Center
Journal of Sustainable Development | Year: 2014

In this paper, the relationship between climate variation and crop output in Uganda for the period 1981 to 2008 is examined. The time-varying ARCH model of the crop production function is used to estimate the relationships. Analysis of the incidence of rainfall and temperature variation from the long-term average indicates that it is insignificant. Estimates of the trend of rainfall and temperature suggest a gradual decline in volume of rainfall and record of temperatures in Uganda in the present and near future. ARCH model estimates show that a variation in rainfall and temperature from the long-term mean has significant effects on crop output, while exponential increase in rainfall has detrimental effect on crop output. It is recommended that the government should support farmers to adopt small-scale irrigation systems; and capacity of weather forecast agencies should be strengthened to monitor and educate the public on present and potential near-future climate variations. © by the authors. Source

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