Economic and Social Research Institute

of Japan, Japan

Economic and Social Research Institute

of Japan, Japan
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Kharrazi A.,University of Tokyo | Kharrazi A.,International Institute For Applied Systems Analysis | Sato M.,Economic and Social Research Institute | Sato M.,InterGreen Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Energy Policy | Year: 2015

Energy is a critical component of achieving sustainable development. In addition to the three aspects of promoting access, renewables, and efficiency, the dimension of resilience in energy systems should also considered. The implementation of resilient energy systems requires a quantitative understanding of the socio-economic practices underlying such systems. Specifically, in line with the increasing globalization of trade, there remains a critical knowledge gap on the link between embodied energy in the production and consumption of traded goods. To bridge this knowledge gap, we investigate the resilience of global energy systems through an examination of a diversity measure of global embodied electricity trade based on multi-regional input-output (MRIO) networks. The significance of this research lies in its ability to utilize high resolution MRIO data sets in assessing the resilience of national energy systems. This research indicates that secure and responsible consumption requires the diversification of not only energy generation but also energy imports. This research will lay the ground for further research in the governance of resilience in global energy networks. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

News Article | November 7, 2016

MENTOR, OH, November 07, 2016-- Ernest Brass has been included in Marquis Who's Who. As in all Marquis Who's Who biographical volumes, individuals profiled are selected on the basis of current reference value. Factors such as position, noteworthy accomplishments, visibility, and prominence in a field are all taken into account during the selection process.For the past three years, Mr. Brass has been named a Five Star Professional by Cleveland Magazine, and recently, he was recognized as a top financial planner in the city. Serving as the president of Money Concepts at EHB Financial Services since 1992 and received his 25 year award. Mr. Brass has certainly accomplished a great deal in the field of financial planning. Currently he serves as a faculty member at Notre Dame College and Cuyahoga Community College. Previously he served as the marketing and sales director for Kuehne + Nagel Inc., and an assistant professor and director of the Small Business Institute at Capital University and Lake Erie College. He has also written articles that have been included in professional journals. Mr. Brass' most notable professional accomplishments include developing classes detailing both the history of the Federal Reserve System and the history of immigration in Cleveland, Ohio.Since 1990, Mr. Brass had been featured in Financial Planning, and he will appear in Cleveland Magazine in 2017. Furthermore, he has been listed in Bloomberg Businessweek, Forbes, and Fortune in 2015 with a five-star professional rating. His efforts have earned him inclusion in Who's Who in America as well. Other awards earned include the Local Small Business Administration Award and the Retention & Expansion Employment Award. To prepare for his career as a financial planner, Mr. Brass earned a Master of Arts in economics from Case Western Reserve University in 1978. He also possesses a Master of Arts in management and holds an ABD status with the University of Bradford in England.Aside from his work as a financial planner and educator, Mr. Brass has made numerous contributions to his community. He has served as the vice president of the Ohio Foreign Commerce Association. He is currently a trustee of The Economic and Social Research Institute and Lake County Development Council, past president of the Institute of Management Accountants, Cleveland East Chapter, and board member of the Lake County Ohio Visitors Bureau's Arts & Culture Committee. In the past, Mr. Brass was a member of the National Advisory Council of Small Business Administration and the Cleveland Small Business Administration Advisory Council. Furthermore, he is dedicated to learning about new developments in his industry. He accomplishes this through his alignment with the Ohio Association of Economists and Political Scientists and the Small Business Institute Directors' Association.About Marquis Who's Who :Since 1899, when A. N. Marquis printed the First Edition of Who's Who in America , Marquis Who's Who has chronicled the lives of the most accomplished individuals and innovators from every significant field of endeavor, including politics, business, medicine, law, education, art, religion and entertainment. Today, Who's Who in America remains an essential biographical source for thousands of researchers, journalists, librarians and executive search firms around the world. Marquis now publishes many Who's Who titles, including Who's Who in America , Who's Who in the World , Who's Who in American Law , Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare , Who's Who in Science and Engineering , and Who's Who in Asia . Marquis publications may be visited at the official Marquis Who's Who website at

PubMed | Economic and Social Research Institute and The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing TILDA .
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association | Year: 2015

There has been an increased interest in the role of the childhood social environment in the etiology of adult diseases in recent years. The present study examines whether the experience of adversity during childhood increases risk for disease in later life independent of later life socioeconomic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors.The study involved a nationally representative sample of 6,912 persons aged 50 years and older who were participating in the first wave of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Childhood adversity was indexed using a 4-item measure that captured challenging and potentially noxious childhood environmental exposures including, socioeconomic disadvantage, substance abuse among parents, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. A doctor diagnosis of disease across 9 chronic disease types represented the primary outcome variables.The experience of adversity during childhood was associated with increased risk of disease in midlife and older ages across a large number of chronic disease types including cardiovascular disease, lung disease, and emotional, nervous, or psychiatric disorders. Analysis of the dose-response pattern revealed positively graded associations between the number of adverse events experienced during childhood and the occurrence of chronic disease in later life. Cox proportional hazard models revealed that the experience of adversity during childhood was associated with earlier age of onset for any physical disease type or emotional, nervous, or psychiatric disorders.These findings indicate that childhood may represent a sensitive or critical period in the development of disease and reinforces the necessity of adopting a life-course approach to the study of chronic diseases.

Taguchi H.,Chiyoda Corporation | Murofushi H.,Economic and Social Research Institute
Environment and Development Economics | Year: 2010

This study examines, with a focus on regional environmental states in China, whether regional latecomers suffer the domestically created pollution haven effect through the interjurisdictional competition for polluted industries within China, or enjoy the spillover effect of nationwide progress in environmental management and technology, using the analytical framework of the environmental Kuznets curve. The study found that the regional latecomer's advantage was verified in the case of wastewater, while its disadvantage was identified in waste gas and solid waste. We speculate that the contrasting result on regional latecomer's effects between wastewater, waste gas, and solid waste comes from the difference in policy performances: the well-designed water pollution control may have regional latecomer's enjoy the spillover effect of nationwide progress, while the ineffective control of air and solid waste pollution may cause a pollution haven effect through the interjurisdictional competition for polluted industries on regional latecomers. © 2010 Cambridge University Press.

Cosmo V.D.,Economic and Social Research Institute | Cosmo V.D.,Trinity College Dublin | Lyons S.,Economic and Social Research Institute | Lyons S.,Trinity College Dublin | And 2 more authors.
Energy Journal | Year: 2014

Smart meters, in conjunction with time-of-use (TOU) pricing, can facilitate an improvement in energy efficiency by providing consumers with enhanced information about electricity consumption and costs, and thereby encourage a shift away from consumption during peak hours. In 2009-10, the Irish Commission for Energy Regulation co-ordinated a randomised controlled trial in the Irish residential electricity market. Smart meters were introduced in approximately 5,000 households, divided into control and treatment groups, with treatment groups exposed to a variety of TOU tariffs and information stimuli. This paper analyses the response of Irish households at different times of the day to the introduction of TOU tariffs and information stimuli. We find that these measures have a significant effect in reducing electricity consumption in Ireland, particularly during peak hours. However, while households reduce peak demand significantlyafter the introduction of TOU tariffs and associated information, there is little incremental response to increasing differentials between peak and off-peakprices. © 2014 by the IAEE. All rights reserved.

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