Indooroopilly, Australia
Indooroopilly, Australia
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Wibowo A.,Gadjah Mada University | Utami S.N.H.,Gadjah Mada University | Subandiyah S.,Gadjah Mada University | Somala M.U.A.,Economic | And 3 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2014

Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is one of the most destructive diseases of banana. One potential method to manage fusarium wilt of banana is by manipulating the nutrient status in the soil. This study was conducted to determine the quality of Foc suppressive and conducive soil, the influence of soil application of silica and manure on the incidence of fusarium wilt of banana. Surveys were conducted in five banana plantations in three provinces in Indonesia: Lampung-Sumatra, West Java and Central Java. From the five locations, one location (Sala-man-Central Java) was heavily infected by Foc, another location (NTF Lampung-Sumatera) was slightly infected by Foc, while the rest (Sarampad-West Java, Talaga-West Java and GGP Lampung-Sumatra) were healthy banana plantations without Foc infection. Labile carbon analysis showed that the Foc suppressive soil had greater labile carbon content than conducive soil. Also, the analysis of fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis (FDA) and ?-glucosidase showed greater microbial activity in suppressive soil than the conducive soil. Observations of the incidence of necrotic rhizome of Foc susceptible 'Ambon Kuning' (AAA) banana cultivar showed that in the suppressive soil taken from Sarampad West Java, the application of silica and manure helped suppress fusarium wilt disease development. In the conducive soil taken from Salaman-Central Java, silica and manure applications were not able to suppress disease incidence. The result of this study indicated that in suppressive soil, the application of silica can increase plant resistance to Foc infection, while manure application can increase soil microbial activity, and suppress Foc development.

Zainuri,University of Mataram | Irving D.E.,Yanco Agricultural Institute | Dann E.K.,Economic | Coates L.M.,Economic | Wearing A.H.,University of Queensland
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013

Two preformed alk(en)ylresorcinols, 5-n-heptadecenylresorcinol and 5-npentadecylresorcinol, were identified in 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit peel. The alk(en)ylresorcinols had antifungal activity against C. gloeosporioides, as determined from thin layer chromatography bioassays. Soil-applied activators of plant defence (Acibenzolar at 150 mg L-1, and soluble potassium silicate at 200 and 1000 mg L-1) did not influence concentrations of 5-n-heptadecenylresorcinol or 5-n-pentadecylresorcinol in mango peel when applied 2 months after fruit set and one month later. Concentrations of both alk(en)ylresorcinols were high 2 months after fruit set but levels declined by 50% within 1 month (2 months before commercial harvest) and did not change significantly from commercial harvest until eating-ripe. © 2013 ISHS.

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