Von Gruenigen S.,eConcept |
Willemse S.,Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology
Weather, Climate, and Society | Year: 2014
Just as in other state-subsidized service areas, in the field of aviation weather there is political pressure as well as a growing economic need to substantiate or at least evaluate the economic benefits of meteorological information. The research presented in this paper has been conducted as part of a broad study concerning the economic benefits of the meteorological services in the Swiss transport sector. For the aviation sector, interviews revealed that meteorological information is a pivotal input factor in the decision-making process of airlines: In addition to security and safety purposes, airlines use meteorological information to optimize the economic efficiency of daily operations as well as for strategic decisions regarding flight routes and flight planning. In this paper a decision-making model is used to evaluate at least part of the economic benefits of the meteorological services to Switzerland's domestic airlines by analyzing the use of terminal aerodrome forecasts (TAF) at Zurich Airport (Switzerland). By lowering the probability of costly wrong decisions, meteorological information generates direct economic benefits for the airlines. The total benefits for all domestic airlines at Zurich Airport amount to between 11 and 17 million Swiss francs per year [12 to 18 million USD; 1 U.S. dollars (USD) 5 0.934 Swiss francs (CHF), average exchange rate 2012]. By extrapolating the results based on the number of flights, the total economic benefits of TAF to Switzerland's domestic airlines at both main Swiss airports (Zurich and Geneva) add up to somewhere between 13 and 21 million Swiss francs per year (14 to 22 million USD). © 2014 American Meteorological Society.
Hauser A.,Bundesamt fur Umwelt |
Ott W.,eConcept |
Kaenzig J.,Bundesamt fur Umwelt |
Scheuthle H.,Bundesamt fur Umwelt |
And 3 more authors.
Natur und Landschaft | Year: 2011
A comprehensive environmental policy goes beyond protection against undesirable change, and dedicates itself to meeting important long-term needs of society. Ecosystems contribute to social welfare by providing a variety of goods and services. Naming and quantifying these welfare contributions enhances public acceptance of environmental policy measures and facilitates the target-oriented formulation of policies. The Swiss Federal Office for the Environment established an inventory of ecosystem goods and services that are particularly relevant for the region and that are documentable. The inventory contains pragmatic propositions for indicators to be used in national reporting. These indicators are intended to render visible the contribution of ecosystems to welfare systematically, and thus help to raise public awareness of the importance of ecosystems. At the same time they should help to give environmental aspects the necessary priority in political decisions.
Frei T.,Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology |
von Grunigen S.,eConcept |
Willemse S.,Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology
Meteorological Applications | Year: 2014
Meteorological services involve the provision of information on the state of the atmosphere and the ground surface. They provide data, information, forecasts and various related products, which are important for the smooth functioning of many aspects of the economy, government and society. The economic value or benefit of weather forecasts consists in generally improving financial and related outcomes resulting from the use of such forecasts. The merit of meteorological services cannot directly be deduced from the consumption of services. Rather, it emerges from the improvement of decisions made by economic stakeholders thanks to weather-related information. This is the first empirical study on this topic for Switzerland which includes economic data from interviewed users. The results show that the use of meteorology in the road transportation sector in Switzerland generates an economic benefit to the national economy of 65.7-79.77 million Swiss francs (1 Swiss franc ∼0.90 €, 1.20 US$ as of August 2011). In relation to its budget the overall benefit to the national meteorological service might be several times that amount, considering that many other economic sectors such as agriculture, aviation, construction, energy, media and tourism were not included in this study. Furthermore, climate services were not taken into account in this study and, therefore, the economic benefit for the road traffic sector alone might in fact be even higher. © 2012 Royal Meteorological Society.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EE-01-2014 | Award Amount: 5.56M | Year: 2014
Objective is to develop and to demonstrate technologies and components for prefabricated modular renovation elements in five geo-clusters in Europe. This includes prefabricated durable, innovative, modular composed building envelope elements for the total building envelop for the renovation market, including the prefab integration of multifunctional components for climate control, energy saving, building physics and aesthetics, with advanced easy to use plug&play connections (mechanical, hydraulic, air, electric, prefab airtight joints). MORE-CONNECT offers tailor-made renovation concepts, from a standardized industrialized manufacturing and assembly process, in a one-shop-stop concept to the end-user, with a nearly zero energy performance of the total modular renovation concepts, a maximum return on investment less than 8 years and with a limitation of the total renovation time of 5 days. The concept offers performance guarantee for individual energy use and the quality of the indoor environment. Product innovation includes the selection of sustainable materials and sustainable detailing. A specific feature is the development of Plug & Play connection of modular components. Smart combinations of components and executions ensure extra performances for NZE concepts, healthy indoor environment, safety, accessibility. Components communicate by integrated (wireless) sensors and control components for performance diagnostics and control. Process innovation will be achieved by the use of advanced geomatics to make inventories of buildings. Webbased tools will link building characteristics, building (energy) potentials, and end-users demands to program requirements. This will be processed in BIM systems for the steering industrial process and enhanced quality control. This makes it possible to make tailor-made solutions for individuals, in mass production (n =1 series). Business models and advanced energy services (one-stop-shop) will be developed for each geo cluster.
Von Grunigen S.,eConcept |
Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen | Year: 2014
The monetary value of forest recreation and its influencing factors have been evaluated in a recent research project for the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). The study is based on an extensive survey which was conducted during the second Swiss Forest Monitoring (WaMos 2) in 2012. It uses the expenditure method, a simplified version of the travel cost method, to compute the monetary value of forest recreation. This value is estimated at 290 to 589 CHF per person and year. For Switzerland's population of the over 18-years old the value sums up to between 1.9 and 3.9 billion CHF per year. Further, the authors examined whether and to which extent the value attributed to forest recreation can be explained by the visitor's socio-economic and personal characteristics, the activities performed in the forest, the motives leading to the visit, and by the percieved characteristics of the forest. This was done by using econometric analysis and led to the result that the value of forest recreation is mostly determined by the distance between visitors' residences and the forest, the possibilities for substitution and visitors' socio-economic and personal characteristics. The properties of the forest itself, except for infrastructure, seem to have no decisive influence for the interviewees.