Ecole Polytechnique | Date: 2014-03-27
A laser device includes an apparatus for producing amplified laser pulses, using a plurality of amplifying optical fibers, and groups the basic amplified pulses into an overall amplified pulse, as well as a target, onto which the overall amplified pulse is directed such as to generate a predetermined physical process thereon, which causes a change of state in the target. The laser device is configured to measure at least one distinctive parameter of the generated physical process; adjust at least one characteristic for adjusting the basic amplified laser pulses; and analyze a plurality of measurements for different adjustments. The device analyzes the measurements many times in loops for different laser pulse adjustment characteristics, enabling an optimization by a heuristic method. Also provided is a heuristic optimization method implemented by the laser device.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 294.50K | Year: 2013
We propose an exchange programme to promote the scientific collaboration in particle physics and related technologies between a network of Egyptian Universities and EU member states Academic Institutions which have already originated innovative transfer of knowledge towards Egypt. The main objectives of the joint exchange programme are: the reinforcement of the Europe-Egypt scientific collaboration. In particular in past years both France and Italy have funded initiatives in the field of particle physics and related technologies to boost Egyptian interest and personnel training. The present proposition intends to further improve the collaboration by especially allowing long term visits of young and senior Egyptian scientists to perform advanced research on fundamental particle physics in the framework of worldwide large collaborations. Moreover the programme would offer the possibility to second EU researchers to Egypt to originate advanced research activities, advice on the development of the local infrastructures and monitor the success of the transfer of knowledge; the establishment of a important scientific collaboration between Italy and France on advanced physics concepts and technologies. Although some researchers of the EU Academic Institutions involved in the proposal have already collaborated through the CERN experimental physics program, the possibility of building up an independent common research program would boost enormously the joint research capability. It should be mentioned that the researches involved in these EU institutions can offer an impressive expertise to the activities relevant for this proposal. Their collaboration could therefore have an important European long term impact on the progress of the physics concept and technologies hereby discussed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-SyG | Phase: ERC-2012-SyG | Award Amount: 9.97M | Year: 2013
The overarching goal of the present proposal is to exploit materials design, coherent optical methods and multiple theoretical approaches to deterministically control ordered states of strongly correlated electron materials, also referred to as quantum or complex materials. The underlying ideas can be applied to vast number of problems in materials physics, but the stated goal is that of optimizing superconductivity at higher temperatures than achieved so far, possibly even at room temperature. The proposal starts from research strands that follow challenging but well-establish paths, such as the use of complex-oxide heterostructures and strain engineering at interfaces to modulate the electronic properties. In a second class of investigations, coherent optical control of lattice dynamics with strong field THz transients is proposed to anneal the competing order quenching superconductivity. This builds on our recent discovery of light-induced transient superconductivity in high temperature cuprates, a remarkable process not yet understood or optimized. We will use a combination of femtosecond optical and x-ray experiments with Free Electron Lasers, together with time dependent real-materials simulations. Perhaps the most ambitious goal will be to develop laser-cooling techniques to reduce quantum phase fluctuations between planes of cuprate superconductors. Finally, we propose to use static and dynamic techniques to engineer new phases of condensed matter, for example by engineering new materials with a single band crossing the Fermi level, to optimize superconductivity. A unique combination of complementary expertise, from materials design, to coherent and ultrafast optical and x-ray physics, with materials and quantum optics theory, will be key in making true progress in these areas.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-NIGHT | Award Amount: 485.18K | Year: 2013
In France, few people usually attend science events. We propose an original and innovative programme in order to raise peoples interest in research. We intend to reach a large audience with many first-time visitors: a total of 25000 attendees and a broader audience of 6 million people. Our strategy will be to point out that the Researchers Night is the only nation-wide event entirely dedicated to researchers, where a direct and extensive dialogue is possible. In order to attract the public, we will offer them to discover the researchers Unknown Worlds. This theme is catchy and linked with the profession of researcher. The unknown worlds in research are many and cover all fields of science: brain, infinitely small, unknown societies, etc. On September 27th, in 15 cities of France, unknown worlds will be created. In museum, libraries, and cinemas, various sceneries will be set up in relation with the researchers topics of interest. Moreover, each city will propose surprising meetings based on original ideas: playful participation to research, games with researchers, facilitators interventions, etc. Those best practices have been successfully tested during the previous researchers nights we organised. Researchers and the public will gather for a playful, surprising, festive, and beautiful evening of enriching meetings. We think the chosen theme and the set up will allow long conversations with researchers, and that people will be seduced by these extraordinary explorations. They will feel much closer to the researchers thanks to the contact they will have with them. To organise this event in the French regions, we are a consortium of 12 partners specialised in scientific vulgarisation, and who are used to work with researchers. We frequently exchange on how to train researchers and on how to create original facilities and devices. We will also have two qualitative enquiries on the researchers image and on the efficiency of our awareness campaign made.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.62M | Year: 2016
According to UNEP, the building sector is estimated to be worth 10% of the global GDP and employs 111 million people. In addition, buildings use about 40% of global energy, 40% of global resources and emit approximately 33% of global GHG emissions. Finally, the fact that people today spend, on average, more than 80% of their time indoors, enhances its social importance. All above indicate the necessity to optimize building design. Architects usually name optimal design the choice among a very limited set of design alternatives, dictated by their experience and intuition. However, modern design of structures requires one to account for a great number of criteria deriving from multiple disciplines, often of conflicting nature. The vast number of alternative choices enhances the possibility of arriving at an optimum with the incorporation of smart, automatic tools in the design process, further guiding designers intuition. The principal aim of the proposed Network is to create and test methodologies for the application of optimization techniques in different design phases of civil structures by developing strong synergies among a multi-disciplinary team of academic experts from Greece, France, Cyprus, Canada, Turkey, Egypt & Jordan and SMEs from France & Greece. A first goal of the project is to exploit the use of shape and topology optimization techniques in computer aided architectural design. Moreover, the Network wants to exchange ideas, propose formulations that correspond to real-life applications and develop solutions for optimal multi-disciplinary architectural design. Of particular interest is the combination of criteria deriving from structural mechanics, eco-design, bioclimatic design and acoustic performance. For each topic, joint workshops, seminars and long-term visits will be organized at the coordinating and partner institutions. The results will be published in scientific journals, professional magazines and presented in international conferences.