Augier B.,ECOLE NAVALE IRENAV CC600 |
Bot P.,ECOLE NAVALE IRENAV CC600 |
Hauville F.,ECOLE NAVALE IRENAV CC600 |
Durand M.,K Epsilon Company
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics | Year: 2012
This work presents a full scale experimental study on the aero-elastic wind/sails/rig interaction in real navigation conditions with the aim to give an experimental validation of unsteady fluid structure interaction (FSI) models applied to yacht sails. An inboard instrumentation system has been developed on a J80 yacht to simultaneously and dynamically measure the navigation parameters, yacht's motion, and sails flying shape and loads in the standing and running rigging. The first results recorded while sailing upwind in head waves are shown. Variations of the measured parameters are characterized and related to the yacht motion (trim mainly). Correlations between the different parameters are examined. In the system's response to the dynamic forcing (pitching motion) we attempt to distinguish between the aerodynamic effect of varying apparent wind induced by the motion and the structural effect of varying stresses and strains due to the motion and inertia. The dynamic full scale measurements presented underline the necessity of considering the unsteadiness of phenomena to correctly simulate a yacht's behavior in actual sailing conditions. The simulation results from the FSI model compare very well with the experimental data for steady sailing conditions. For the unsteady conditions obtained in head waves, the first results show a good agreement between measurements and simulation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.