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Massardier J.,Hospices Civils de Lyon | Massardier J.,University of Lyon | Massardier J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Courbiere B.,Hospices Civils de Lyon | And 14 more authors.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals | Year: 2010

Contents: Iatrogenic ovarian failure and infertility are long term-term side effects of anticancerous gonadotoxic treatments in children or women of reproductive year. Ovarian cortex cryopreservation can be a solution to preserve immature germinal cells before gonadotoxic treatment, for later transplantation. The aim of our study was to prove the efficiency of a laparoscopic technique for orthotopic graft after a slow-freezing/thawing protocol, and to evaluate the effect of ovarian cryopreservation and autograft on the primordial follicle survival rate. Experimental surgical study was performed on 6-to 12-month-old ewes. The study was approved by the ethic committee of the Lyon-veterinary-school. The left ovary was removed by laparoscopy and cut in half, and medulla was excised. In group 1 (n = 6), autograft was performed immediately on the right ovary, and in group 2 (n = 6), graft was performed after a slow-freezing/thawing protocol. The second hemi-ovary served as an ungrafted control fragment. A polypropylene/polyglactin mesh was included between graft and base to separate the two structures, to help histological analysis. The mean graft performance time was 71 ± 8 min in the first group and 57 ± 10 min in the second. Freezing did not affect the number of primordial follicles. In the ungraft control fragments, the global anomaly rate (cytoplasm plus nuclear anomaly) increased after freezing (p < 0.05). Others results did not reach signification. Pelvic adhesion occurred only once. The post-graft primordial follicle survival rate was 5.1 ± 2.8% in the non-frozen group vs. 6.3 ± 2.3% after freezing/thawing. Kruskal-Wallis and Wilkoxon non-parametric tests were used for statistical analysis. Laparoscopy seems to be a well-adapted technique for ovarian tissue orthotopic autograft. The main follicle loss occurs before graft revascularization. Our orthotopic graft's procedure has to be improved to obtain a better graft's neovascularization, and to have a better long-term post-graft primordial follicle survival rate. © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation. © 2008 Blackwell Verlag.


Laffosse J.-M.,Center Hospitalier University Purpan | Kinkpe C.,Service de Chirurgie Orthopedique Pediatrique | Gomez-Brouchet A.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Accadbled F.,Center Hospitalier University Purpan | And 3 more authors.
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy | Year: 2010

Purpose Subchondral bone (SCB) of the vertebral endplates (VEP) is the principal site of changes in vertebral trabecular microarchitecture secondary to intervertebral disc degeneration. However, the microstructure of this region has not yet been clearly characterized. Methods One thoracic and one lumbar vertebral unit (vertebra-disc-vertebra) was removed in nine pigs aged 4 months. Three samples (one central and two laterals) were taken from each VEP. Micro-CT examination and histomorphometric measurements of the subchondral trabecular bone of the VEP were carried out. Correlations between micro-CT and histological parameters were sought. Results Trabecular network was significantly denser [increased bone volume fraction (BV/TV) and trabecular number (Tb.N), decreased intertrabecular separation (Tb.Sp)] in the cranial endplates of the vertebral units. It was also significantly denser and less well organized [increased degree of anisotropy (DA)] in the centre of the VEP. The thickness of the cartilage endplate (CEP), SCB and growth cartilage were significantly lower in the centre of the VEP. There was a significant negative correlation between BV/TV, Tb.N and DA with the thicknesses of the CEP and SCB whereas Tb.Sp was positively correlated with these two parameters. Conclusion We observed densification of the trabecular network in the centre of the VEP overlying the nucleus pulposus, partly related to thinner hyaline cartilage. Densification is associated with more anisotropic architecture that could cause lower mechanical strength in this area. This study provides new information on the microarchitecture of the SCB of the VEP which will make it possible to validate future models. © Springer-Verlag 2009.


Wimmershoff J.,University of Zürich | Polkinghorne A.,University of Zürich | Grest P.,University of Zürich | Schade B.,University of Zürich | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2010

Survivin is a member of the family of proteins known as 'inhibitors of apoptosis proteins'. Survivin has a role in cellular decisions concerning division and survival and is frequently expressed in neoplastic cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate immunohistochemically the expression of survivin in normal canine tissues and in canine lymphoma. A representative range of fetal and adult normal tissues as well as biopsy samples from dogs with lymphoma were assembled in tissue arrays. The lymphomas were classified according to the revised Kiel and to the Revised European American Lymphoma - World Health Organization (REAL-WHO) schemes. Polyclonal and monoclonal antisera cross-reactive with canine survivin identified cytoplasmic expression of the molecule in a broad range of normal canine cells. The same reagents demonstrated cytoplasmic labelling of more than 5% of cells in all 83 lymphoma samples tested with polyclonal antiserum and in 67 of 82 (82%) of samples tested with monoclonal antiserum. Survivin was expressed by a wide range of canine lymphoma subtypes, but the expression of this molecule in normal canine tissues must be considered if novel therapies targeting survivin are applied to the management of canine lymphoma. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Laffosse J.-M.,Institut Universitaire de France | Laffosse J.-M.,Center Hospitalier University | Odent T.,Service de Chirurgie Pediatrique | Accadbled F.,Center Hospitalier University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2010

We conducted a micro-CT analysis of subchondral bone of the vertebral end-plates after application of compressive stress. Thoracic and lumbar vertebral units were instrumented by carrying out left asymmetric tether in eleven 4-week-old pigs. After 3 months of growth, instrumented units and control units were harvested. Micro-CT study of subchondral bone was performed on one central and two lateral specimens (fixated side and non-fixated side). In control units, bone volume fraction (BV/TV), number of trabeculae (Tb.N), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), and degree of anisotropy (DA) were significantly higher, whereas intertrabecular space (Tb.Sp) was significantly lower in center than in periphery.Nosignificant difference between the fixated and non-fixated sides was found. In instrumented units, BV/TV, Tb.N, Tb.Th, and DA were significantly higher in center than in periphery. BV/TV, Tb.N, and Conn.D were significantly higher in fixated than in non-fixated side, while Tb.Sp was significantly lower. We noted BV/TV, Tb.N, and Tb.Th significantly lower, and Tb.Sp significantly higher, in the instrumented levels. This study showed, in instrumented units, two opposing processes generating a reorganization of the trabecular network. First, an osteolytic process (decrease in BV/TV, Tb.N, Tb.Th) by stress-shielding, greater in center and on non-fixated side. Second, an osteogenic process (higher BV/TV, Tb.N, Conn.D, and lower Tb.Sp) due to the compressive loading induced by growth on the fixated side. This study demonstrates the densification of the trabecular bone tissue of the vertebral end-plates after compressive loading, and illustrates the potential risks of excessively rigid spinal instrumentation which may induce premature osteopenia. © 2009 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Callait-Cardinal M.P.,University of Lyon | Callait-Cardinal M.P.,CNRS Biometry and Evolutionary Biology Laboratory | Gilot-Fromont E.,University of Lyon | Gilot-Fromont E.,CNRS Biometry and Evolutionary Biology Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2010

The relationship between flock management and histomoniasis, a re-emergent infection in poultry, was investigated by statistical techniques used in veterinary epidemiology to deal with various problems including: multicollinearity, confounding, interaction or sample size. Associations between the variables describing flock management were examined by multivariate descriptive analysis to reduce the number of independent variables, prior to investigating associations with the disease. No homogenous groups of farms were found in the 44 free-range turkey flocks sampled in France. Histomonas meleagridis was identified in 26/38 flocks and histomoniasis was confirmed in 19 flocks. Cleanliness of the building, wet litter and diarrhoea were linked with H. meleagridis and severity of histomoniasis. Sharing outdoor fields simultaneously with chickens was related to serious macroscopic lesions determined by post-mortem examinations. Contrary to general belief, acidification of drinking water with organic acid had consistent association with the presence of H. meleagridis in turkey caeca. These results confirm previous findings and provide several new hypotheses on the effects of hygiene and water management on H. meleagridis and histomoniasis. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2009.


Cachon T.,Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon | Genevois J.-P.,Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon | Remy D.,Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon | Carozzo C.,Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon | And 4 more authors.
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2010

In order to look for phenotypic correlation between hip (HD) and elbow (ED) dysplasia, we used radiographic scoring obtained from 1,411 dogs of different breeds, which were evaluated for authoritative grading of both conditions. In this population, we found that the risk ratio for an animal to be simultaneously affected by HD and ED is 1.67. For a dog with ED, the risk ratio to be affected by HD increases as the ED grade increases. Similarly, for a dog affected by HD, the risk ratio to be affected by ED increases as the HD grade increases. In a dog affected by HD or ED, the clinician should look for the second condition in the same animal. Due to the low, yet positive correlation, selection against one trait will not affect the other trait sufficiently. Therefore selection has to be conducted at reduction of HD as well as reduction of ED. © Schattauer 2010.


PubMed | Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology : V.C.O.T | Year: 2010

In order to look for phenotypic correlation between hip (HD) and elbow (ED) dysplasia, we used radiographic scoring obtained from 1,411 dogs of different breeds, which were evaluated for authoritative grading of both conditions. In this population, we found that the risk ratio for an animal to be simultaneously affected by HD and ED is 1.67. For a dog with ED, the risk ratio to be affected by HD increases as the ED grade increases. Similarly, for a dog affected by HD, the risk ratio to be affected by ED increases as the HD grade increases. In a dog affected by HD or ED, the clinician should look for the second condition in the same animal. Due to the low, yet positive correlation, selection against one trait will not affect the other trait sufficiently. Therefore selection has to be conducted at reduction of HD as well as reduction of ED.


PubMed | Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary surgery : VS | Year: 2011

To (1) describe a technique for splenic vessel hemostasis and (2) report complications and outcome after use of bipolar sealant device during splenectomy in dogs.Case series.Dogs (n=27) with naturally occurring splenic disease.Between January 2006 and March 2008, splenectomy was performed using a vessel sealant device in 27 dogs with naturally occurring splenic disease. Number of sutures needed for splenectomy and complications were recorded. Splenic artery diameter was measured using a caliper. Intraoperative hemostasis, device ease of use, postoperative hemorrhage, and short-term survival were evaluated.Splenectomy was performed successfully in 27 dogs with the vessel sealant device; none of the dogs required vessel ligation with suture. The splenic artery was dissected and adequately sealed in each dog. One dog was readmitted 4 days after surgery with hemoabdomen. Abdominal exploration revealed splenic pedicle hemorrhage and pancreatitis, the vessel sealant device was used to coagulate splenic pedicle bleeding. The dog was alive at suture removal.In dogs, a vessel sealant device may be used to achieve efficient and safe hemostasis of the splenic vascular pedicle without sutures.

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