Besson R.,Lille University of Science and Technology |
Favergeon L.,Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Saint - Etienne CMP
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2013
In spite of its wide use, the properties of the CaO/CaCO3 system are still far from being understood, especially the mechanisms underlying the transition between both phases. To investigate this issue, important in practice for storage devices, we employ first-principles atomic-scale simulations of the solid-gas interactions between CO2 and CaO, by considering insertion of CO2 within the subsurface, in configurations characteristic of calcite surface nucleation. Comparing the (001) and (111) surfaces demonstrates that nucleation should be strongly surface-selective, with a sharp preference for (111), and an important role of the CO2 arrangement in the surface layer. To interpret these results, especially the important structural instabilities detected, we investigate the elastic properties of coherent CaO/CaCO3 layered systems. This reveals the special role played by the (111) interface orientation and confirms the behavior detected at the atomic scale. From our study, we propose a mechanism for calcite nucleation as well as a plausible explanation for the degradation of performances crippling the CaO-based devices used for CO2 storage. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Demanget N.,Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Saint - Etienne CMP
Annals of biomedical engineering | Year: 2012
Stent-grafts (SGs) are commonly used for treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and numerical models tend to be developed for predicting the biomechanical behavior of these devices. However, due to the complexity of SGs, it is important to validate the models. In this work, a validation of the numerical model developed in Demanget et al. (J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater. 5:272-282, 2012) is presented. Two commercially available SGs were subjected to severe bending tests and their 3D geometries in undeformed and bent configurations were imaged from X-ray microtomography. Dedicated image processing subroutines were used in order to extract the stent centerlines from the 3D images. These skeletons in the undeformed configurations were used to set up SG numerical models that are subjected to the boundary conditions measured experimentally. Skeletons of imaged and deformed stents were then quantitatively compared to the numerical simulations. A good agreement is found between experiments and simulations. This validation offers promising perspectives to implementing the numerical models in a computer-aided tool and simulating the endovascular treatments.
Gondran N.,Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Saint - Etienne CMP
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2012
Ecological footprint calculation methodology is generally well defined on a national scale. It is also proposed by several authors as a corporate sustainability metric, yet for this scale, there is no consensus method. The aim of this paper is to identify the consequences of such methodological liberties within the ecological footprint estimation and its use as a decision aid tool on the scale of a public organization. The method was developed and validated for the Vanoise National Park which undertook to reduce its ecological footprint by 10% between 2009 and 2007. The methodological liberties inherent to ecological footprint analysis on an organization scale generate methodological choices that may influence the results in terms of environmental impact hierarchy and priority of actions. Therefore, such analysis requires transparency in the methodological choices behind the calculation and the involvement of the end-users in these choices. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Malliaras G.G.,Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Saint - Etienne CMP
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects | Year: 2013
Background: This issue of "Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects" is dedicated to organic bioelectronics, an interdisciplinary field that has been growing at a fast pace. Bioelectronics creates tremendous promise, excitement, and hype. The application of organic electronic materials in bioelectronics offers many opportunities and is fuelled by some unique features of these materials, such as the ability to transport ions. Scope of review: This is a perspective on the history and current status of the field. Major conclusions: Organic bioelectronics currently encompasses many different applications, including neural interfaces, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and biosensors. The interdisciplinary nature of the field necessitates collaborations across traditional scientific boundaries. General significance: Organic bioelectronics is a young and exciting interdisciplinary field. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Organic Bioelectronics - Novel Applications in Biomedicine. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.78M | Year: 2013
Organic Bioelectonics is a new discipline which holds promise to shape, direct, and change future medical treatments in a revolutionary manner over the next decades. At the moment Europe has a unique leading position in this area, being almost all the world-leading groups in this field located in Europe and constituting the core of this international training network. However, realizing the promise of Organic bioelectronics requires research and training not only crossing disciplines, such as electrical engineering, biology, chemistry, physics, and materials science, but also crossing our European countries. The EU will add value on the global scene only if it acts jointly. OrgBIO is at the core of European technological innovation and will become an indispensable part of the educational canon. It will establish a world-class training platform spreading around the highly interdisciplinary / intersectorial European-led area of organic bioelectronics. Education along with science and entrepreneurial mindsets and attitudes is the core of the OrgBIO training programme, which aims at excellence and innovation, at all level. Excellence in science is guaranteed by the world-leading groups which founded this research area. Innovation in education is guaranteed by the involvement of researchers on education, business experts. Using different sensors, actuators, electronic and interconnect technologies the network will develop multifunctional systems based on organic devices and materials with high sensitivity that are also flexible, conformable and present over large areas for various biomedical / biological applications in the life science. Multi-analyte and disposable analytical systems manufactured by large-area printing methods will provide services to the individuals and healthcare community. Targeted implemented interactions with a wide network of venture capitals and business actors will immediately transfer the research outcome to the European Industry.