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Jia D.,University of British Columbia | Cathary O.,The Ecole Nationale Superieure de Techniques Avancees | Peng J.,University of British Columbia | Bi X.,University of British Columbia | And 6 more authors.
Fuel Processing Technology | Year: 2015

Fluidization of biomass particles in the absence of inert bed materials has been tested in a pulsed fluidized bed with vibration, with the pulsation frequency ranging from 0.33 to 6.67. Hz. Intermittent fluidization at 0.33. Hz and apparently 'normal' fluidization at 6.67. Hz with regular bubble patterns were observed. Pulsation has proven to be effective in overcoming the bridging of irregular biomass particles induced by strong inter-particle forces. The vibration is only effective when the pulsation is inadequate, either at too low a frequency or too low in amplitude. Drying of biomass has been carried out to quantify the effectiveness of gas pulsation for fluidized bed dryers and torrefiers in terms of gas-solid contact efficiency and heat and mass transfer rates. The effects of gas flow rate, bed temperature, pulsation frequency and vibration intensity on drying performance have been systematically investigated. While higher temperature and gas flow rate are favored in drying, there exists an optimal range of pulsation frequency between 0.75. Hz and 1.5. Hz where gas-solid contact is enhanced in both the constant rate drying and falling rate drying periods. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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