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Bobroff J.,University Paris - Sud | Azambourg F.,Ecole Nationale Superieure de Creation Industrielle | Chambon C.,Ecole Nationale Superieure de Creation Industrielle | Rodriguez V.,Ecole Nationale Superieure de Creation Industrielle
Leonardo | Year: 2014

When specific metals are cooled to a very low temperature (typically colder than about -200°C), they become superconductive and can make magnets levitate. This paper reports on a collaboration between physicists and designers to exploit this quantum levitation. The main goal of this collaboration was to create artistic displays, experiments and videos to engage a large public with fundamental physics. Beyond its public success, this “SupraDesign” project enabled an encounter between two communities: researchers in physics and designers. The collaboration revealed unexpected similarities in working methods, such as testing through experimentation, engaging in teamwork and making use of creativity in a constraining environment. © 2014, ISAST. Source

Zaraket T.,Ecole Centrale Paris | Yannou B.,Ecole Centrale Paris | Leroy Y.,Ecole Centrale Paris | Minel S.,Ecole Nationale Superieure de Creation Industrielle | Chapotot E.,Ecole Nationale Superieure de Creation Industrielle
Journal of Mechanical Design, Transactions of the ASME | Year: 2015

Occupants' behavior exerts a significant influence on the energy performance of residential buildings. Industrial energy simulation tools often account for occupants' as monolithic elements with standard averaged energy consumption profiles. Predictions yielded by these tools can thus deviate dramatically from reality. This paper proposes an activity-based model for forecasting energy and water consumption of households and discusses how such an occupant-focused model may integrate a user-focused design of residential buildings. A literature review is first presented followed by a brief recall of the proposed modeling methodology and a sample of simulation results. The possible integration of the proposed model into the design and energy management processes of residential buildings is then demonstrated through a number of use cases. Copyright © 2015 by ASME. Source

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