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Ghozlane F.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach | Belkheir B.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach | Yakhlef H.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach
New Medit | Year: 2010

In order to assess the impact of the National Agricultural Control and Development Fund (FNRDA) in Tizi-Ouzou region, 83 farms were analysed by means of a questionnaire while 10 more farms were evaluated in terms of sustainability using the IDEA method (Farm Sustainability Indicators). The typological study based on a factor analysis allowed to determine four groups of farms: small-sized (an average UAA of 5.97 ha), medium-sized (an average UAA of 12 37 Ha), intermediate-sized (25.17 ha) with a high rate of land lease (10.83 ha) and large-sized (an average UAA of 45 ha with 51% of irrigated farmland). The farmers who were subsidized under the FNRDA could increase their milk production (69, 88%), their cattle stock (55, 42%), their fodder production (6, 02%) and their income (45, 02%). The sustainability analysis showed that the best performance is recorded on the agro-ecological and economic scales while the social and territorial dimension is still a limitation to the total sustainability. The développent of dairy cattle production is very closely linked to the intensification and diversification of fodder crops which is difficult to obtain in Tizi-Ouzou region.


Bousbia A.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach | Ghozlane F.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach | Yakhlef H.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach | Benidir M.,Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique Hacen Badi El Harrach
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2010

A investigation was conducted at 54 local cattle farmers distributed on three different relief areas, mountains, plains and surroundings of the lakes in the region of El Tarf, enabled by using a hierarchical cluster analysis to identify six livestock farming systems: (G1) less diversified supported farms and dominated by local genetic types (G2) large pastoral farms with reversed transhumance, (G3) small subsistence farms, (G4) small pastoral farms (G5) diversified supported and highly crossed farms, and (G6) diversified supported farms and dominated by local genetic types. Despite its perfect harmony with the environmental conditions, this livestock is facing difficult situations with fluctuating feed resources and the non-conservation of spring surplus. Most farmers are landless. The cattle live constantly on common grazing, hence, the continued degradation of the vegetation under the high stocking pressure. Generally, the production parameters recorded are low compared to the capabilities of these cattle populations that are not made in good farming conditions that will enable them to externalize their capabilities. Nevertheless, they constitute a very important socio-economic element for the population of this region.

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