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Abakaliki, Nigeria

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki was founded in 1996 in Abakaliki, Nigeria.It is housed in campuses formerly belonging to the Enugu State University of Science and Technology and the Anambra State University of Science and Technology . These campuses provide a temporary accommodation while a new campus is built on Enugu Road, Abakaliki. Executive Governor Dr Sam Ominyi Egwu has pledged to ensure the full relocation of the university's faculties to the new site before he his tenure expires in May 2007.The institutions's first Vice-Chancellor is Professor Fidelis Ogah and presently Engr. Prof. F.I. Idike.The university's medical faculty was established in 1991 as ESUT's Faculty of Health science. Many of its facilities were developed in response to a Guinea worm pandemic; the Abakaliki Specialist Hospital, created for this purpose, was remodelled to become Ebonyi State University's primary teaching hospital. It was subsequently granted accreditation by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria for the training of medical students and resident doctors. Since it became part of Ebonyi State University, the medical school has received considerable funding from the Ebonyi government.Ebonyi state university is located at the capital of Ebonyi state, with five campuses. What is today known as Ebonyi State University , started on July 30, 1980 when the Enugu State University of Science and Technology was originally founded as Anambra State university of Technology , by the then Anambra State House of Assembly Law No. 7 of 1980.In 1985, the ASUTECH Edict No 20 of 1985, created a four campus structure and the Abakaliki Campus, housing Agricultural science and Veterinary Medicine. Consequently, Abakaliki Campus took off with a pre-science programme and was later enabled to run courses in Agricultural and Basic Basic Medicine science.When Ebonyi state was carved out from Enugu state on 1 October 1996, the Abakaliki Campus of the then ESUT was upgraded to Ebonyi State University College by the Ebonyi State Edict No of 1998; though remained affiliated to its parent University, ESUT.The major landmark that launched the University into its present status came in 1999 when Dr Sam O. Egwu, Governor of Ebonyi State announced the upgrading of the University College to a multidisciplinary university and establishing statute received executive consent of His Excellency on January 14, 2000. The university has relocated to the PERM SITE, where faculties like social science,management science and arts are found.Since 1999 when Ebonyi State University was upgraded to a full-fledged multi-disciplinary University, the school became one of the few Universities fully committed to development of academic programmes in the areas of Law, Humanities, science and Technology. Wikipedia.

Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a major but often neglected public health problem. Most attention to HAI prevention is given to high-risk invasive diagnostic and therapeutic healthcare tools, while the importance of less critical tools tends to be underestimated. This study was designed to assess the potential contributory role played by thermometers and blood pressure cuffs in HAI transmission in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Analysis of swabs from thermometers and blood pressure cuffs used in the teaching hospital was conducted using standard microbiological techniques. Source

Uraku A.J.,Ebonyi State University
Research Journal of Phytochemistry | Year: 2015

Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as lemongrass, is a tropical perennial herb belonging to the family Poaceae (true grasses). According to tradomedicine practitioners, this plant is claimed to have therapeutic potentials in numerous diseases. This study is aimed at determining the possible bioactive components of leaves of the C. citratus using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Six compounds were identified in the methanol leaf extract and they include; hexadecanoic acid (8.11%), hepta-9,10,11-trienoic acid (17.43%), octadecenoic acid (8.41%), 2-ethenyltetradecan-1-ol (13.28%), eicosane aldehyde (37.56%) and 1-ethoxyoctadecane (15.20%) as the major chemical constituents. The presence of these compounds in the plant extract may at least be responsible for the pharmacological properties of Cymbopogon citratus and thus recommended as plant of phytopharmaceutical importance. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Okogwu O.I.,Ebonyi State University
Revista de Biologia Tropical | Year: 2010

Ehoma Lake is among the important breeding sites of the major fishes in the Mid-Cross River, Nigeria. The juveniles of these fishes are solely dependent on zooplankton, which has not been studied previously. I studied monthly the lake's physico-chemical variables and zooplankton composition in three stations (littoral, sub-littoral and pelagic) from March 2005 to August 2006. Sixty-seven zooplankton species (42 rotifers, 19 cladocerans and 6 copepods) were identified. Daphnia obtusa Kurz, Keratella valga Ehrenberg, Keratella ticinensis Callerrio, Keratella hiemalis Carlin, Brachionus dimidiatus Bryce and Lecane candida Hauer and Murray are new records for Nigeria. The dominant zooplankters were Diaphanosoma excisum Kurz and Moina micrura Kurz. There was an inverse relationship between species richness and abundance. Richness was highest in the dry season while peak zooplankton abundance was recorded in the rainy season. Zooplankton abundance and species richness decreased progressively from the littoral to the pelagic station while the Shannon-Weaver diversity index varied from 0.68 to 1.28 without a clear seasonal trend. There is a succession pattern: rotifers that are dominant in the dry season are replaced by cladocerans in the rainy season. This succession was greatly influenced by seasonal flooding of the lake. As no previous information on the zooplankton of the lake is available, this study provides baseline data on the lake's zooplankton. Source

Ifebunandu N.A.,Federal Medical Center | Ukwaja K.N.,Ebonyi State University
Journal of Infection and Public Health | Year: 2012

Objectives: Few studies have investigated tuberculosis treatment default in tertiary care settings. We aimed to determine the prevalence, trend, timing and predictors of defaulting from tuberculosis treatment in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Methods: Data entered from 2006 to 2010 in the Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, tuberculosis treatment register were sorted into six treatment outcomes. Five outcomes were combined into one variable called 'non-defaulters' and were compared with " defaulters" The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS. Results: Of 671 tuberculosis patients, 192 (28.6%) defaulted. Of these, 126 (66%) were ≥30 years old, and 115 (60%) had pulmonary tuberculosis. Furthermore, 106 (55%) were males, and 125 (65%) lived in a rural area. The annual proportion of defaulters dropped from 34.8% to 20.6%, but the decreasing trend was not statistically significant (P= 0.132 for trend). Of the defaulters, 148 (77.1%) defaulted during their intensive phase of treatment. The median default time was 7 (IQR 5-8) weeks. The independent predictors of treatment default were older age (aOR 1.5), rural residence (aOR 2.3), and HIV seropositivity (aOR, 2.8). Conclusion: TB treatment default is high and must be reduced. This may be achieved through improved rural DOT, further patient education, and enhanced coordination of TB/HIV care. © 2012 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Source

Uneke C.J.,Ebonyi State University
Tanzania Journal of Health Research | Year: 2011

Congenital malaria is a public health concern globally. This report reviews publications on congenital malaria in the last two decades (1990-2010) with the view to establishing the current global epidemiological trends and the public health implications. A Medline Entrez-PubMed search was performed and published studies on congenital malaria in the last two decades (1990-2010) were identified. A combination of key words "congenital malaria" were used for the search which yielded 180 publications as of December 2010. Of the 180 publications, 93 were within the period 1990 to 2010. Bibliographies of all publications selected were checked for additional relevant references and were obtained and included in the review. The critical issues identified and discussed include the (i) current global trends of congenital malaria; (ii) controversies associated with the frequency of occurrence of congenital malaria; (iii) mechanism and clinical features; (iv) role of maternal HIV infection (v) effects of congenital malaria on infants; (vi) diagnostic challenges; and (vii) treatment considerations. Operational research into various aspects of congenital malaria is essentially lacking as many unresolved issues requiring urgent scientific investigation abound. Public health policy on malaria control should integrate guidelines on congenital malaria management and control. Source

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