Abakaliki, Nigeria

Ebonyi State University

Abakaliki, Nigeria

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki was founded in 1996 in Abakaliki, Nigeria.It is housed in campuses formerly belonging to the Enugu State University of Science and Technology and the Anambra State University of Science and Technology . These campuses provide a temporary accommodation while a new campus is built on Enugu Road, Abakaliki. Executive Governor Dr Sam Ominyi Egwu has pledged to ensure the full relocation of the university's faculties to the new site before he his tenure expires in May 2007.The institutions's first Vice-Chancellor is Professor Fidelis Ogah and presently Engr. Prof. F.I. Idike.The university's medical faculty was established in 1991 as ESUT's Faculty of Health science. Many of its facilities were developed in response to a Guinea worm pandemic; the Abakaliki Specialist Hospital, created for this purpose, was remodelled to become Ebonyi State University's primary teaching hospital. It was subsequently granted accreditation by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria for the training of medical students and resident doctors. Since it became part of Ebonyi State University, the medical school has received considerable funding from the Ebonyi government.Ebonyi state university is located at the capital of Ebonyi state, with five campuses. What is today known as Ebonyi State University , started on July 30, 1980 when the Enugu State University of Science and Technology was originally founded as Anambra State university of Technology , by the then Anambra State House of Assembly Law No. 7 of 1980.In 1985, the ASUTECH Edict No 20 of 1985, created a four campus structure and the Abakaliki Campus, housing Agricultural science and Veterinary Medicine. Consequently, Abakaliki Campus took off with a pre-science programme and was later enabled to run courses in Agricultural and Basic Basic Medicine science.When Ebonyi state was carved out from Enugu state on 1 October 1996, the Abakaliki Campus of the then ESUT was upgraded to Ebonyi State University College by the Ebonyi State Edict No of 1998; though remained affiliated to its parent University, ESUT.The major landmark that launched the University into its present status came in 1999 when Dr Sam O. Egwu, Governor of Ebonyi State announced the upgrading of the University College to a multidisciplinary university and establishing statute received executive consent of His Excellency on January 14, 2000. The university has relocated to the PERM SITE, where faculties like social science,management science and arts are found.Since 1999 when Ebonyi State University was upgraded to a full-fledged multi-disciplinary University, the school became one of the few Universities fully committed to development of academic programmes in the areas of Law, Humanities, science and Technology. Wikipedia.

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Ifebunandu N.A.,Federal Medical Center | Ukwaja K.N.,Ebonyi State University
Journal of Infection and Public Health | Year: 2012

Objectives: Few studies have investigated tuberculosis treatment default in tertiary care settings. We aimed to determine the prevalence, trend, timing and predictors of defaulting from tuberculosis treatment in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Methods: Data entered from 2006 to 2010 in the Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, tuberculosis treatment register were sorted into six treatment outcomes. Five outcomes were combined into one variable called 'non-defaulters' and were compared with " defaulters" The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS. Results: Of 671 tuberculosis patients, 192 (28.6%) defaulted. Of these, 126 (66%) were ≥30 years old, and 115 (60%) had pulmonary tuberculosis. Furthermore, 106 (55%) were males, and 125 (65%) lived in a rural area. The annual proportion of defaulters dropped from 34.8% to 20.6%, but the decreasing trend was not statistically significant (P= 0.132 for trend). Of the defaulters, 148 (77.1%) defaulted during their intensive phase of treatment. The median default time was 7 (IQR 5-8) weeks. The independent predictors of treatment default were older age (aOR 1.5), rural residence (aOR 2.3), and HIV seropositivity (aOR, 2.8). Conclusion: TB treatment default is high and must be reduced. This may be achieved through improved rural DOT, further patient education, and enhanced coordination of TB/HIV care. © 2012 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.

Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a major but often neglected public health problem. Most attention to HAI prevention is given to high-risk invasive diagnostic and therapeutic healthcare tools, while the importance of less critical tools tends to be underestimated. This study was designed to assess the potential contributory role played by thermometers and blood pressure cuffs in HAI transmission in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Analysis of swabs from thermometers and blood pressure cuffs used in the teaching hospital was conducted using standard microbiological techniques.

Nigeria ranks fourth among the 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. The estimated incidence of all TB cases in 2009 was 311/100,000 population. Since the implementation of DOTS in Ebonyi state, southeast Nigeria, the epidemiology of TB in the region has not been documented. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the type and case notification dynamics of TB following DOTS expansion and to examine age- and sex-specific trends in TB notification rate. A retrospective trend analysis of case notification data from the Ebonyi State Ministry of Health records from 1998 to 2009 was conducted. Patients were diagnosed according to the National TB and Leprosy Control Programme guidelines. Denominators for TB notifications were derived from population census data. Of the 24, 475 cases notified between 1998 and 2009, 66% were smear-positive, 31% smear-negative and 3% had extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. Overall, the proportion of new smear-positive cases notified decreased continuously from 67% to 48% in 2009 while that of smear-negative cases increased from 29% to 40% in 2009. In 2005, 13 (100%) of the local government areas were covered by DOTS. Despite initial increase in case notification with DOTS expansion, the case notification rate had a mean annual decline of 3.1% for all TB cases (falling from 123/100,000 to 77/100,000), and of 5% for smear-positive patients (falling from 80/100,000 to 32/100,000). Smear-positive notification rate in children <14 years was consistently low while 25-34-year-old persons were affected most. However, smear-positive rates among persons aged =65 years did not change. Overall, annual new smear-positive notification rates were persistently lower in females than males. TB notification rate shows a decreasing trend in our region with a pool of infectious cases in young-persons. Additional targeted, type and age-/sex- specific interventions for TB control are needed.

Kalu C.A.,Ebonyi State University
African journal of reproductive health | Year: 2012

The objective of the study was to review the implementation of Post Abortion Care and effective linkage to other post abortion services in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Data on PAC over a five year period (July, 2004 to June, 2009) were analyzed and a standardized questionnaire was administered to 45 direct PAC service providers. Abortion complications constituted 41.4% of all Gynaecological admissions. Maternal mortality from complications of abortion was 11.5% of all the maternal mortality at the centre. Women aged 19 years and less were 37 (7.1%) and single women were 132, constituting 25.3% of all cases. About 31% of the PAC care providers had formal training for the implementation of the PAC services. Fifteen percent of the care givers were satisfied with the linkage between PAC and the Family Planning services. There is poor integration between emergency post abortion care and other reproductive health services in the centre.

Okogwu O.I.,Ebonyi State University
Revista de Biologia Tropical | Year: 2010

Ehoma Lake is among the important breeding sites of the major fishes in the Mid-Cross River, Nigeria. The juveniles of these fishes are solely dependent on zooplankton, which has not been studied previously. I studied monthly the lake's physico-chemical variables and zooplankton composition in three stations (littoral, sub-littoral and pelagic) from March 2005 to August 2006. Sixty-seven zooplankton species (42 rotifers, 19 cladocerans and 6 copepods) were identified. Daphnia obtusa Kurz, Keratella valga Ehrenberg, Keratella ticinensis Callerrio, Keratella hiemalis Carlin, Brachionus dimidiatus Bryce and Lecane candida Hauer and Murray are new records for Nigeria. The dominant zooplankters were Diaphanosoma excisum Kurz and Moina micrura Kurz. There was an inverse relationship between species richness and abundance. Richness was highest in the dry season while peak zooplankton abundance was recorded in the rainy season. Zooplankton abundance and species richness decreased progressively from the littoral to the pelagic station while the Shannon-Weaver diversity index varied from 0.68 to 1.28 without a clear seasonal trend. There is a succession pattern: rotifers that are dominant in the dry season are replaced by cladocerans in the rainy season. This succession was greatly influenced by seasonal flooding of the lake. As no previous information on the zooplankton of the lake is available, this study provides baseline data on the lake's zooplankton.

Uraku A.J.,Ebonyi State University
Research Journal of Phytochemistry | Year: 2015

Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as lemongrass, is a tropical perennial herb belonging to the family Poaceae (true grasses). According to tradomedicine practitioners, this plant is claimed to have therapeutic potentials in numerous diseases. This study is aimed at determining the possible bioactive components of leaves of the C. citratus using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Six compounds were identified in the methanol leaf extract and they include; hexadecanoic acid (8.11%), hepta-9,10,11-trienoic acid (17.43%), octadecenoic acid (8.41%), 2-ethenyltetradecan-1-ol (13.28%), eicosane aldehyde (37.56%) and 1-ethoxyoctadecane (15.20%) as the major chemical constituents. The presence of these compounds in the plant extract may at least be responsible for the pharmacological properties of Cymbopogon citratus and thus recommended as plant of phytopharmaceutical importance. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc.

Uneke C.J.,Ebonyi State University
Tanzania Journal of Health Research | Year: 2011

Congenital malaria is a public health concern globally. This report reviews publications on congenital malaria in the last two decades (1990-2010) with the view to establishing the current global epidemiological trends and the public health implications. A Medline Entrez-PubMed search was performed and published studies on congenital malaria in the last two decades (1990-2010) were identified. A combination of key words "congenital malaria" were used for the search which yielded 180 publications as of December 2010. Of the 180 publications, 93 were within the period 1990 to 2010. Bibliographies of all publications selected were checked for additional relevant references and were obtained and included in the review. The critical issues identified and discussed include the (i) current global trends of congenital malaria; (ii) controversies associated with the frequency of occurrence of congenital malaria; (iii) mechanism and clinical features; (iv) role of maternal HIV infection (v) effects of congenital malaria on infants; (vi) diagnostic challenges; and (vii) treatment considerations. Operational research into various aspects of congenital malaria is essentially lacking as many unresolved issues requiring urgent scientific investigation abound. Public health policy on malaria control should integrate guidelines on congenital malaria management and control.

Soil transmitted helminth infections (STH) and schistosomiasis constitute major public health challenges among school-age children in sub-Saharan Africa. This review assessed the efficacy of chemotherapeutic intervention in line with the World Health Assembly (WHA) resolution since the passage in 2001. Using the Medline Entrez-Pubmed search, relevant publications were identified via combinations of key words such as helminth infection, school children, chemotherapy, Africa. Albendazole, mebendazole, and praziquantel were the antihelminthic drugs most commonly evaluated. Cure rates >80% and egg reduction rates >90% were recorded in most cases of schistosomiasis using praziquantel. Albendazole was very effective against A. lumbricoides and hookworm infections with majority of the studies recording cure rates >75%, but the efficacy of the drug was poor against T. trichiura. To ensure the realization of the WHA resolution, there is need for regular treatment of school children, development of alternative antihelminthic drugs and vaccines, environmental control measures and health education.

Uneke C.J.,Ebonyi State University
World health & population | Year: 2014

This paper reviewed studies that investigated the contamination of non-critical medical devices (NCMDs) and their potential as routes for nosocomial infection transmission. Using MEDLINE Entrez PubMed, relevant publications were identified using "nosocomial infections" in combination with each of the following: stethoscopes, ultrasound transducers, tourniquets, pens, scissors, white coats, thermometers, blood pressure cuffs, dermatoscopes and otoscopes. Of 258 studies identified, 51 fulfilled the study inclusion criteria and had sufficient information on microbiological assessment of the NCMDs. All the studies reported microbial contamination of NCMDs, with Staphylococcus species as the predominant contaminant. The studies reported that health workers rarely disinfect NCMDs between uses with different patients. Most studies recorded NCMD contamination rates ranging from 25% to 100%. Percentage contamination of NCMDs by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ranged from 2.3% to 32%. To reduce the possibility of a nosocomial infection transmission through contaminated NCMDs, disinfection of NCMDs before using them on each patient must be strictly adhered to. Copyright © 2014 Longwoods Publishing.

Ugwuja E.I.,Ebonyi State University | Ugwu N.C.,Ebonyi State University
Internet Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2010

Of the 785 apparently healthy adolescents, 386 (49.2%) males and 399 (50.8%) females (mean age, 15.6 ± 2.3 years) screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) using a third generation enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method, 32 (4.1%) were seropositive. Although, males and females did not differ significantly in HBsAg seropositivity (17 vs. 15; 95%CI: -0.025-0.065) more infections were found in patients from lower- than middle-/or and upper- socioeconomic classes (p < 0.05). The major routes of HBV transmission in this population were unsafe injection (28.1%; 95%CI; 0.03-0.15), tribal marks/circumcision/scarification (12.5%; 95%CI; 0.00-0.08) and blood/blood products transfusions (6.3%; 95%CI; -0.04-0.28) while 53.1% (95%CI; 0.02-0.04) of HBV infections have no identifiable mode of transmission. While HBsAg seropositive patients showed significantly higher levels of liver enzymes and lower conjugated bilirubin than their seronegative counterparts, total protein, albumin and total bilirubin were comparable among the groups. Asymptomatic HBV infection among adolescents without proper identifiable risk factors or mode of acquisition calls for general surveillance, mass immunisation, and public health education to curtail the spread of the virus and its sequalae. © Internet Scientific Publications, LLC., 1996 to 2010.

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