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Hall M.D.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Green A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Liu S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Vision 30' (Reg. No. CV-1062, PI 661153) hard red winter (HRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was developed and tested as VA06HRW-49 and released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station in March 2010. Vision 30 was derived from the cross 92PAN1#33/VA97W-414. Vision 30 is high yielding, awned, and semidwarf (Rht2) and has midseason spike emergence and resistance to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC) E.O. Speer]. In Virginia, the average grain yield (2007-2009) of Vision 30 (5301 kg ha -1) was similar to that of the soft red winter wheat check cultivar Renwood 3260 (5536 kg ha -1). Vision 30 was evaluated in the 2008 and 2009 USDA-ARS Uniform Bread Wheat Nursery and produced mean yields (4992 and 4690 kg ha -1) that were similar (P = 0.05) to those of the highest-yielding HRW wheat entry. In comparison with the hard wheat cultivar 'Lakin', Vision 30 has acceptable end-use quality on the basis of flour yield (69.9 versus 70.3 g 100 g-1), flour protein (10.7 versus 9.5 g 100 g -1), flour water absorption (59.8 versus 59.1 g 100 g -1), dough mixing tolerance (3.3 versus 2.3), pup-loaf volume (812 versus 803 cm 3), and crumb grain scores (3.3 versus 3.7). © Crop Science Society of America.


Hall M.D.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Green A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Liu S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

The potential exists to develop and market hard winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the eastern United States, where a majority of the mills, bakeries, and consumers reside. The primary objective of this study was to develop adapted and competitive hard winter wheat cultivars possessing high-value traits that offer the potential for new and expanded markets and greater profitability to wheat producers in the eastern United States. 'Vision 40' (Reg. No. CV-1063, PI 661154) hard red winter (HRW) wheat was derived from the cross 92PIN#109/92PAN1#33 and released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station in March 2010. Vision 40 was developed with a modified bulk-breeding method and was tested as VA06HRW-66 in replicated yield trials in Virginia (2007-2009) and in the eastern region (2008- 2009). Vision 40 is a highyielding, winter hardy, awned, semidwarf (Rht2) having mid- to late-season spike emergence and moderate resistance to diseases prevalent in the mid-Atlantic area with the exception of Fusarium head blight [caused by Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe)]. Vision 40 was the fourth highest yielding HRW wheat entry when averaged over 2 yr of the Uniform Bread Wheat Nursery grown at 11 test sites in 10 states in 2008 and 12 test sites in 9 states in 2009. In comparison with the hard wheat cultivar 'Lakin' (PI 617032), Vision 40 has acceptable end-use quality on the basis of flour yield (70.2 versus 70.3 g 100 g -1), flour protein (9.5 versus 9.5 g 100 g -1), flour water absorption (58.5 versus 59.1 g 100 g -1), dough mixing tolerance (1.7 versus 2.3), pup-loaf volume (823 versus 803 cm 3), and crumb grain scores (3.6 versus 3.7). © Crop Science Society of America.


Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Pitman R.M.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Beahm B.R.,Virginia Foundation Seed Stocks Farm | And 29 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'SW049029104' (Reg. No. CV-1053, PI 658599) soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was developed and released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station in March 2009. SW049029104 was derived from the cross '38158' (PI 619052)/Pioneer variety 2552//'Roane' and was tested under the experimental number VA04W-90. SW049029104 is a broadly adapted, high-yielding, moderately short, semidwarf (Rht2) cultivar that is resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer] and Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe). In the 2009 USDA-ARS Uniform Southern SRW Wheat Nursery conducted at 25 locations, SW049029104 ranked first among 40 entries for grain yield (4889 kg ha-1) and fourth for grain volume weight (73.2 kg hL-1). The milling and baking qualities of SW049029104 exceeded those of 'USG 3555' and Pioneer brand 26R61. Flour softness and cookie-spread diameter of SW049029104 (61.5-64.8 g 100 g-1 and 18.39-18.48 cm) exceeded those of USG 3555 (57.9-61.1 g 100 g-1 and 18.09- 18.21 cm) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (54.5-61.1 g 100 g-1 and 18.12-18.13 cm). While flour protein concentration of SW049029104 (8.55-8.66 g 100 g-1) was lower than that of USG 3555 (8.88-9.10 g 100 g-1) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (9.65- 9.66 g 100 g-1), its gluten strength, assessed via lactic acid solvent retention capacity (124.7-129.7 g 100 g-1), exceeded that of USG 3555 (118.9-124.0 g 100 g-1) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (113.5-126.0 g 100 g-1). © Crop Science Society of America.


Brooks W.S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Vaughn M.E.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr. | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Dan' (Reg. No. CV- 346, PI 659066), a six-rowed winter hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) that was developed and tested as VA03H-61 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2009. Dan was derived from the cross VA96-41-17/SC872143. It was released for production in the eastern United States as a potential commodity for fuel ethanol, food, and feed production. In the Virginia Official State Variety Trial, the 3-yr (2007-2009) average grain yield (3564 kg ha-1) and average grain volume weight (78.3 kg hL-1) of Dan were higher than those of the hulless cultivars 'Eve' and 'Doyce'. Dan also had an average starch concentration (66.2%) that was higher than that of Doyce and Eve. Dan provides barley producers and end users in the eastern United States with a widely adapted, winter-hardy, hulless cultivar having superior grain quality and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe). © Crop Science Society of America.


Hall M.D.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Rohrer-Perkins W.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Liu S.Y.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 23 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Snowglenn' (Reg. No. CV-1054, PI 659070) winter durum wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. durum) developed and tested as VA05WD-40 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station was released in March 2008. Snowglenn was derived from the three-way cross N1291-86/N1439-83//'Alidur'. Snowglenn is a full-season, medium-height, winter durum wheat having good winter hardiness, high grain volume weight, and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight [caused by Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe)]. In Virginia, Snowglenn was the highest-yielding winter durum line tested in 2006 (5308 kg ha-1) and 2008 (4824 kg ha-1). Data from Austria indicates that Snowglenn is moderately susceptible to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC) E.O. Speer], leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.), and leaf blotch (caused by Septoria tritici Roberge in Desmaz.). Grain of Snowglenn has satisfactory quality for use in blends with traditional spring durum grain for pasta production. © Crop Science Society of America.


Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Pitman R.M.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Beahm B.R.,Virginia Foundation Seed Stocks Farm | And 28 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Merl' (Reg. No. CV-1052, PI 658598) soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), developed and tested as VA03W-412 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2009. Merl was derived from the three-way cross 'Roane'/Pioneer variety 2643//'38158' (PI 619052). Merl is a broadly adapted, high-yielding, mid-season, moderately short, semidwarf (Rht2) cultivar having above-average straw strength and milling and pastry-baking qualities. Merl is resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer] and moderately resistant to stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend.). In Virginia, Merl ranked among the top five cultivars for grain yield with a 3-yr (2007-2009) average of 5725 kg ha-1. Merl had a mean grain volume weight of 76.4 kg hL-1 across 22 environments, which was significantly (P < 0.05) higher (1.9-3.0 kg hL-1) than that of the other top-yielding cultivars. In USDA-ARS Uniform Eastern SRW Wheat Nursery trials conducted at 29 locations, Merl ranked sixth among 46 entries for grain yield (5917 kg ha-1) and seventh for grain volume weight (76.0 kg hL-1) in 2006 and ranked second among 45 entries for grain yield (5529 kg ha-1) and sixth for grain volume weight (75.7 kg hL-1) in 2008. Merl has a soft grain texture, flour softness equivalent values from 57.5 to 60.8 g 100 g-1, and straight-grade flour yields from 70.5 to 71.5 g kg-1. The flour protein concentration (7.5-8.7 g 100 g-1) and gluten strength, assessed via lactic acid solvent retention capacity (101-104 g 100 g-1), of Merl are lower than average. These quality attributes contribute to Merl's above-average pastry-baking quality (cookie-spread diameters of 17.93-18.93 cm). © Crop Science Society of America.


Brooks W.S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Vaughn M.E.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Berger G.L.,University of Arkansas | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 22 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2014

'Atlantic' (Reg. No. CV-354, PI 665041), a six-row, hulled winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) tested as VA06B-19 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2011. Atlantic was derived from the cross VA97B-176/VA92-44-279 using a modified bulk-breeding method. It was evaluated in the Virginia Official Variety Trials from 2008 to 2013 in replicated tests at five to six locations. Atlantic's average grain yield (5349 kg ha-1) was higher than the check cultivars Wysor, Callao, and Price and similar to Thoroughbred. Average grain volume weight of Atlantic (60.8 kg hL-1) was similar to the check cultivar Price and higher than Thoroughbred, Callao, and Wysor. Head emergence of Atlantic is 7 d earlier than Thoroughbred (the predominant barley cultivar grown in Virginia and the eastern United States) and similar to that of Callao. Earlier maturity is a primary factor determining whether barley or wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is used in double-cropping systems with soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Grain of Atlantic had an average starch concentration (56.5%) that was higher than Callao, similar to Price, but lower than Thoroughbred. Atlantic provides barley producers and end users in the eastern United States with a widely adapted, early-maturing winter barley cultivar that has good grain quality and is highly resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer f. sp. hordei Em. Marchal] based on its performance in state and uniform winter barley yield trials. © Crop Science Society of America. All rights reserved.


Liu L.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Barnett M.D.,Seeds LLC | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Malla S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 25 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2016

The objective of this research was to develop widely adapted hard winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties to meet the needs of mills, bakeries, and consumers in the eastern and Great Plains regions of the United States. ‘LCS Wizard’ (Reg. No. CV-1111, PI 669574), a hard red winter (HRW) wheat, was developed and tested as VA08HRW-80 and co-released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and Limagrain Cereal Seeds, LLC in 2013. LCS Wizard was derived from the three-way cross S.6742/92PAN1#33//92PIN#107 using a modified bulk breeding method. LCS Wizard is a widely adapted, high-yielding, awned, semidwarf (Rht1) HRW wheat with midseason spike emergence and resistance or moderate resistance to diseases prevalent in the mid-Atlantic and Great Plains regions. In the 2014 Uniform Bread Wheat Trial conducted over 17 locations in eastern states, LCS Wizard produced an average grain yield of 4717 kg ha−1, similar to ‘Vision 45’ (4650 kg ha−1). In the northern Great Plains, the average grain yield over 54 locations in 2012 of LCS Wizard (4419 kg ha−1) was slightly lower than that of ‘Overland’ (4659 kg ha−1). In the southern Great Plains, its average grain yield (3844 kg ha−1) over 85 locations was slightly higher than that of Fuller (3757 kg ha−1). LCS Wizard has acceptable end-use quality in both the eastern and Great Plains regions of the United States. © 2015 Crop Science Society of America. All rights reserved.


Brooks W.S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Vaughn M.E.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Berger G.L.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2013

'Eve' (Reg. No. CV-350, PI 659067), a six-row, winter hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) developed and tested as VA01H-68 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in May 2007. Eve was derived from the cross SC860974/VA94-42-13 using a modifed bulk-breeding method. It was evaluated in the 2009-2011 Virginia Offcial Variety Trial in replicated tests at fve to six locations. Eve had an average grain yield (3718 kg ha-1) that was higher than those of the hulless check cultivars Dan and Doyce. The average grain volume weight of Eve (73.8 kg hL-1) over the same period was higher than that of Doyce (68.9 kg hL-1). The head emergence of Eve is 6 d earlier than Dan and 'Thoroughbred', which is the predominant barley cultivar grown in the eastern United States. Earlier maturity is a primary factor determining whether barley or wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is used in double-cropping systems with soybean (Glycine max L.). The grain of Eve has high starch (60.4%) and protein (10.1%) concentration. Eve is the frst winter hulless barley released in the eastern United States having a high level of resistance to Fusarium head blight [FHB; caused by Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe)] and reduced accumulation of the mycotoxin deoxnivalenol in the grain. Eve's unique grain composition and resistance to FHB make it desirable as a commodity for food, feed, and ethanol production. © Crop Science Society of America.

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