Eastern Norway Research Institute

NO Lillehammer, Norway

Eastern Norway Research Institute

NO Lillehammer, Norway
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Skjeggedal T.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Overvag K.,Eastern Norway Research Institute
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift | Year: 2017

The article discusses how municipal planning and management can enable South Sámi and Norse cultural history to contribute to local development in two sparsely populated mountain municipalities in south-east Norway. The authors’ methods comprised document studies of relevant planning documents and treatment of single cases, and interviews with actors at different levels, who were responsible for cultural heritage, land use planning, industrial development and reindeer husbandry. The findings revealed that the organization of cultural heritage management was extremely fragmented in terms of responsibilities, activities and localization. Responsibility for managing Norse and Sámi cultural heritage is divided between counties and the Sámi Parliament, and the municipalities have no legal responsibilities. This fragmentation contributes to the neglect and marginalization of cultural heritage management in general, and especially the management of Sámi cultural heritage. The discourse of attractiveness based on competing for in-migration from other municipalities holds a hegemonic position in both municipal master planning and regional planning. The authors conclude that a different approach based on local community development, namely the residential place, should be prioritized, whereby cultural heritage is used to strengthen the inhabitants’ knowledge, identity and ‘sense of place’. © 2017 Norwegian Geographical Society.


Overvag K.,Eastern Norway Research Institute | Overvag K.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology
European Urban and Regional Studies | Year: 2010

It is generally argued that commodification of rural areas leads to a change in the rural economy from being based on exploiting the physical environment to being mainly based on exploiting the aesthetical appeal of rural areas. In this article, however, it is revealed that commodification of rural areas in Norway is closely connected with exploitation of the physical environment, including through the re-resourcing of land from marginal agriculture and abandoned industrial sites into second home developments. This re-resourcing has also been an economic driving force for related tourist, housing and infrastructure developments. Politically, it has significantly influenced local power configurations. Simultaneously, external and local actors are commanded by stronger environmental regulations that govern the geography of re-resourcing. This article is based on studies of the municipalities of Ringebu and Kragerø, Norway, using analysis of planning documents and qualitative interviews. © The Author(s), 2010.


Overvag K.,Eastern Norway Research Institute | Skjeggedal T.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Sandstrom C.,Umeå University
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management | Year: 2015

We have investigated why conflicts linked to the distribution of power between governments and actors at the national and local levels concerning environmental management of mountain areas in Norway persist despite political intentions to strengthen local powers. We seek to explain this by analysing changes in policies, institutional frameworks, and regional contexts, and the local perceptions of these changes. Paradoxically, the national government's power has apparently been strengthened by new sectoral regulations and more stringent enforcement of the existing ones, increases in the number and extent of protected areas, and failures to act on intentions to devolve power. An additional factor spurring conflicts is the increased importance of tourism to mountain communities. To become more relevant to policies and development in mountain areas, future studies on multilevel governance must address multilevel politics, entire mountain areas, and the context of their development, rather than focusing on minor projects and protected areas. © 2015 University of Newcastle upon Tyne


Eriksson U.-B.,Karlstad University | Eriksson U.-B.,Eastern Norway Research Institute | Engstrom L.-G.,Karlstad University | Starrin B.,Karlstad University | And 4 more authors.
Work | Year: 2011

Objective: The association between diagnosis and psychosocial work factors in a sickness absent population was examined in order to test the existence of a previously suggested hypothesis of "the burnout staircase", a seven step process prior to the long-term sickness absence due to burnout starting with reorganisations followed by insecure social bonds affecting the work situation as well as trust in oneself and others. Participants: The study population comprised of 2055 employed sick-listed persons (1414 women, 641 men), a sub sample derived from the 2002 national Swedish survey on health, working conditions, life situation and sick-listing. Methods: Through multinomial logistic regression it was analysed if experiences of the different steps in the burnout staircase increased the probability of burnout compared to other medical diagnoses. Results: The hypothesis was supported. The study revealed strong and significant associations between having experienced reorganisations, insecure social relations fraught with conflicts, incompatible demands, lack of trust and diminished self-esteem and burnout. This was true for both women and men. Strong and significant associations were found also between each step studied and other mental diagnoses for men. Conclusion: More studies are needed to further test the hypothesis. © 2011 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


Overvag K.,Eastern Norway Research Institute
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift | Year: 2011

The purpose of the article is to discuss modern second homes in rural areas in Norway in relation to the concept of migration. The discussion is based on an elaboration of how second homes involve multiple mobilities and not just the physical mobility of the second home owners. Rather, three interconnected mobilities are found to be important concerning second homes in Norway, and these are labelled 'Second homes as part of people's homes', 'The temporary presence of second home owners', and "'Permanent" presence through material means and "connections at a distance"'. It is argued that such second homes should not be conceptualized as representative of a type of migration, but instead it is more appropriate to use the concept of circulation. © 2011 Norwegian Geographical Society.


Batt-Rawden K.B.,Eastern Norway Research Institute
Arts in Psychotherapy | Year: 2010

The study design sought to elicit, through the prism of music, participants' life stories and stories of being well and being ill. A qualitative research stance was used, consisting of a pragmatic synthesis of elements of action research, ethnography and grounded theory. Twenty-two (n=22) participants from Oslo and Akershus in Norway, aged between 34 and 65 and with long-term illnesses and diseases, were recruited as a strategic sample. Data collection involved eight in-depth interviews with each participant stretching over a year from 2004 to 2005. A novel '. Participatory CD Design' was developed and four double CD compilations from different genres were used as devices to increase knowledge as to whether participants through exposure to and exchange of new musical materials and practices, might learn to use music as a 'technology' of self towards health, healing and recovery. The participants met at the end of a yearlong process through a social musical event. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.


Hracs B.J.,Uppsala University | Jakob D.,University of Exeter | Jakob D.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Hauge A.,Eastern Norway Research Institute
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2013

Geographers have studied the complex relationships between cultural production, consumption, and space for some time, but the marketplace for cultural products is being reconfigured by digital technologies and broader societal trends. For producers of fashion and music the contemporary marketplace is a double-edged sword featuring lower entry barriers and fierce competition from an unprecedented number of producers and ubiquitous substitutes. Global firms and local entrepreneurs struggle to stand out in the crowd and command monopoly rents for their unique goods and services. This paper examines how independent cultural producers use 'exclusivity' to generate attention and distinction. Drawing on qualitative research with independent musicians and fashion designers in Toronto, Stockholm, Berlin, and New York it presents three mechanisms through which exclusivity can be created. These include exploiting consumer demand for uniqueness, enrolling consumers into the production and promotion process, and manipulating physical and virtual space.© 2013 Pion and its licensors.


Hauge A.,Eastern Norway Research Institute | Power D.,Eastern Norway Research Institute | Power D.,Uppsala University
European Urban and Regional Studies | Year: 2013

This paper addresses the role of quality, difference and differentiation in the value both producers and consumers attach to products and firms. It is argued that analysis of urban and regional competitiveness needs to be complemented by a renewed focus on the vital role that quality plays in competitiveness as well as an understanding of geographies of product difference and differentiation. Debates on economic development and resilience need to focus on innovation but also on how through making and providing quality goods and services - that may be based on the latest technologies or equally on age-old craft traditions - firms secure and develop competitive strengths. But since quality is always a value co-constructed in a negotiation between the consumer and producer, processes of identification and differentiation are formative. A case study of two developments in winter sport equipment is used to exemplify an industry in which quality is both an entry condition as well as a major factor in differentiation and valuation. The case illustrates the roles of producer-led innovation and user-led innovation in equipment innovation; and that the appreciation of products' quality, value and differentiation rests in interactions between producers, intermediaries and led-users in localized and regional settings. Focusing on the geographies of quality and differentiation is suggested to be important not only for firms but also for urban and regional policy. Regional advantage may partly rest upon how actors come together to co-construct notions of quality and difference: notions that can have lasting effects on regional competitiveness. © The Author(s) 2012.


PubMed | Eastern Norway Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Materia socio-medica | Year: 2013

none declared.The aim of this study was to focus on and to discuss how social factors influence sickness absence. There were two aims of this study: a) To explore and reveal the absentees experiences and perceptions of sickness absence in daily life b) To explore and reveal the absentees own perceptions and experiences of coping while being on sickness absence. Methods. Qualitative method through a pragmatic synthesis of elements of ethnography and grounded theory were used. The sample from the county of Oppland, Norway (n=30) had a mental or a musculoskeletal diagnosis in accordance with the ICPC-2 medical classification system. Results. The interplay between working conditions and private life burdens has an impact on the development of illness and sickness absence, reinforcing the perception of a total life burden situation for women; including caring responsibilities. Men experience stress and conflicts at work, mostly from the leadership and its organizational structure. The majority of the sample used different techniques and strategies to cope with their illnesses, highlighting the significance of the nature-culture interplay. Conclusion. A holistic approach that considers the whole life situation must also be considered in order to understand gender differences in sickness absence. The importance of being involved in daily activities, and feelings of belonging to a social network were important for both men and women. This research may also add important awareness and understanding of Nature-Culture-Health (NaCuHeal) benefits in public health.

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