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Sayar M.S.,Dicle University | Han Y.,International Agricultural Research and Training CenterDiyarbakir | Yolcu H.,Gumushane University | Yucel H.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute
Turkish Journal of Field Crops | Year: 2014

A field study was conducted to evaluate the yield and quality traits of sole lucerne (L), sole bromegrass (B), sole tall fescue (T), sole orchardgrass (O), sole ryegrass (R), and lucerne + bromegrass + tall fescue (L+B+T) and lucerne + bromegrass + tall fescue + orchardgrass + ryegrass (L+B+T+O+R) intercropping mixtures at the GAP International Agricultural Research and Training Centre under the irrigated conditions during 2009, 2010, and 2011 in the Southeastern Turkey. Dry matter yield (DMY), crude protein content (CPC), crude protein yield (CPY), acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), dry digestible matter (DDM), dry matter intake (DMI), total digestible nutrients (TDN), and relative feed value (RFV) were determined in this study. The L+B+T intercropping mixture and sole lucerne provided higher yields than the other crops tested. Sole lucerne had higher protein and quality contents than the other sole perennial forages and intercropping mixtures. The L+B+T intercropping mixture had a higher yield and quality than the other sole perennial forages and intercropping mixtures, with the exception of sole lucerne. © 2014, Society of Field Crops Science. All Rights Reserved.

Nazli R.I.,Cukurova University | Inal I.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Kusvuran A.,Cankiri Karatekin University | Demirbas A.,Cumhuriyet University | Tansi V.,Cukurova University
Journal of Plant Nutrition | Year: 2016

The use of organic materials as a source of nutrients on agricultural lands ameliorates soil physical properties as well as being an environmentally friendly way of disposing of their wastes. This study was conducted to determine effects of three organic materials (poultry litter, cattle manure, leonardite) on yield and nutrient uptake of silage maize. Poultry litter and cattle manure were applied based on phosphorus (P) or nitrogen (N) requirements of the crop whereas leonardite was applied only one dose (500 kg ha−1) and also combined with three inorganic fertilizer doses (100%, 75%, 50% of recommended inorganic fertilizer dose). According to the results, the highest green herbage yield and nutrient uptake values were observed in LEO-100 whereas N-based treatments significantly decreased yield and nutrient uptake of silage maize. The use of organic materials as a combination with inorganic fertilizer in silage maize cultivation is highly beneficial for sustainable forage production. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Comertpay G.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Baloch F.S.,Abant Izzet Baysal University | Derya M.,Cukurova University | Andeden E.E.,Cukurova University | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2016

Effective breeding programs based on genetic diversity are needed to broaden the genetic basis of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Turkey. In this study, 81 commercial varieties from seven countries were studied in order to estimate the genomic relationships among them using nine inter-primer binding site (iPBS)-retrotransposon and 17 simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers. A total of 59 alleles for the SSR markers and 96 bands for the iPBS-retrotransposon markers were detected, with an average of 3.47 and 10.6 per locus, respectively. Each of the varieties could be unequivocally identified by the SSR and iPBS-retrotransposon profiles. The iPBS-retrotransposon- and SSR-based clustering were identical and closely mirrored each other, with a significantly high correlation (r = 0.73). A neighbor-joining cluster based on the combined SSR and iPBSretrotransposon data divided the rice varieties into three clusters. The population structure was determined using the STRUCTURE software, and three populations (K = 3) were identified among the varieties studied, showing that the diversity harbored by Turkish rice varieties is low. The results indicate that iPBS-retrotransposon markers are a very powerful technique to determine the genetic diversity of rice varieties. © FUNPEC-RP.

Ince A.,Cukurova University | Vurarak Y.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Say S.M.,Cukurova University
Agronomy Research | Year: 2016

In this study, a new approach for faster determination of quality in hay bale and haylage was aimed. To this end, the relationships between bale densities, dry matter (DM), pH content and penetrometer values in hay bale and haylage were investigated. The mixture of caramba (Lolium multiform cv Caramba) and berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L) was used as forage material. It was harvested by using two different harvesting methods and stored as dry hay and haylage. The penetrometer values were measured at four different points on bales. It was obtained that the pH content decreased with increase in bale density (R2 = 0.86) and with decrease in DM content (R2 = 0.86). The values measured at vertical-middle point gave higher correlation with density and pH contents. © 2016, Eesti Pollumajandusulikool. All rights reserved.

Irmak S.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Cil A.N.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Yucel H.,Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Kaya Z.,Cukurova University
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2012

The effects of iron application on some agronomic properties and yield of peanut were determined by measuring basic agronomic properties such as micronutrient contents of soil, leaf and grain samples, oil and protein contents of grain and hundred seed weight. Variety-dose trial was established in 2006 and 2007. Soils were treated with providing 0, 10, 20 and 40 kg ha-1 iron whereas foliar applications were undertaken with 0, 1, 2 and 3 kg ha-1 iron following twenty days of flowering. Iron contents of soil samples were higher than threshold value of 4.5 mg kg-1 which ranged from 7.52 to 9.34 mg kg-1. However, even at this adequate soil Fe, phenological observations revealed iron chlorosis. The average yield in soil treatment at zero dose plot Fe of NC-7 variety was 4417.2 kg ha-1 and increased up to 4848.6 kg ha-1 with application of Fe 10 kg ha-1. Similar results were found for ÇOM variety in soil Fe treatments. The yield of ÇOM variety for zero dose was 4553.3 kg ha-1 and increased to 5273.0 kg ha-1 with Fe 10 kg ha-1 applied plot. The maximum amount with 5317.6 kg ha-1 yield was achieved at 20 kg ha-1. The applications of Fe significantly increased (P<0.01) peanut yield and hundred seed weight. The highest yield of 6030 kg ha-1 in 2007 was obtained with 2 kg ha-1 foliar to ÇOM variety, the lowest yield of 3890 kg ha-1 in 2006, was determined at NC-7 variety which was control. Fe applications had similar positive effects on 100 grain weight. However, oil yield and protein contents of peanuts did not respond to treatments. Economic analysis revealed that the highest income of 10208.0 $ ha-1 was obtained with foliar application of 1 kg ha-1 Fe.

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