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Comilla, Bangladesh

Haque A.T.M.E.,University of Kuala Lumpur | Sugathan S.,University of Kuala Lumpur | Ali O.,University of Kuala Lumpur | Islam Z.,Eastern Medical College | Haque M.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Background: The availability and the use of electronic devices among the students of higher education have been continuing to grow. The devices connect the users to the world instantly, allow access to information, and enable interactivity with others. The uses of these devices are playing an important role, especially in their academic lives. Aims and Objectives: To identify the types of devices used for the students, the purpose of their use, and its influence on their academic performances. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was developed, and its content validity was tested by a survey expert. About 300 questionnaires were later distributed among the available year-I, -II, and -III students, and 230 completed questionnaires were collected back from the participants. The data collected were inserted in the SPSS (version 17.0) program and analyzed accordingly. Results: Descriptive analysis showed that 71.7% of the respondents were female students; 68.7% were in 20–21 age groups; and 42.2% were from year I, 42.6% from year II, and the rest from year III. A total of 65.7% of the respondents admitted that they used to use electronic devices in the classroom, and 89.6% of which use a smartphone. Among the smartphone users, about 48% scored >65% marks in their last examination. Conclusion: It has been found that the students’ performance was directly associated with the use of electronic devices for academic purposes. In this study, students’ learning behavior with electronic devices, especially smartphones, was explored, and the data indicated that they want more access to the academic-friendly devices. The smart uses of electronic devices, therefore, help to improve the academic performance of the students. © 2016 Mainul Haque. Source

Ismail S.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Rahman N.I.A.,FPSK | Mohamad N.,FPSK | Jusoh N.M.,FPSK | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science

Teaching and learning are the two sides of a coin. Henceforth, there is a strong correlation between the methods used in delivering the information by the lecturers and the assimilation of that knowledge by the students. MBBS programme of FPSK, UniSZA, is divided into two phases, preclinical (Year I and II) and clinical (Year III, IV and V) phases. The main teaching and learning methods for preclinical phase include lecture, tutorial, practical, problem based learning (PBL) and early clinical exposure (ECE). This cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2013 in UniSZA, Malaysia. 50 respondents from preclinical phase were randomly selected from total 117 students to answers the questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed with extensive literature review and pretested and validated. The questionnaire has been divided into 5 sections. The data were analysed using the SPSS 17.0. This study showed that 36 (72%) out of 50 respondents chose lecture as the most preferred teaching and learning method. Five (10%) out of 50 respondents preferred tutorial and 3 (6%) out of 50 respondents preferred PBL, practical and ECE respectively. None of the respondents chose Computer Assisted Learning (CAL) as a preferred method. Probably learning guideline of CAL is not clear that make the session the most unpreferred. Majority of the students in preclinical phase preferred lecturer/teacher-centred learning session to acquire knowledge in a medical school. © 2014 Salwani Ismail et al. Source

Rahman N.I.A.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Ismail S.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Seman T.N.A.B.T.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Rosli N.F.A.B.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science

It is well known that medical students often face many difficulties during their studies in medical school. Stress is the feeling which is created when a person react to the particular events. It makes you feel threatened or upset. Stress is a combination of psychological, physiological and behavioral reactions that people have in response to event that challenge them. This is a cross sectional study and was conducted in FPSK, UniSZA, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. An instrument on stress assessment was developed through extensive review of literatures. Questionnaire was pretested and validated. A total of 60 questionnaires were given to the preclinical medical students of UniSZA. Study subjects were selected randomly. Current study found out that 47 (78.3%) students might be having stress related problem. Major cause of stress is academic because of curricular overload. The dominant approach to cope with stress is prayer in this medical school. Coping stress in medical student life is one of most important quality. Therefore students should be taught different stress management techniques to improve their ability to cope with a demanding professional course. The hostel related issues and recreational facilities should be improved as far as possible within limited funds.© 2013 Nor Iza A Rahman et al. Source

Islam M.Z.,Eastern Medical College | Salam A.,National University of Malaysia | Helali A.M.,Gonoshasthya Samajvittik Medical College and Hospital | Rahman Z.,Enam Medical College | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science

Every profession has its particular social responsibilities. Thus, professionalism is the foundation of medicine's indenture with humanity. The schooling and refinement of professionalism has long been part of medical education. Recently professionalism is recognized as a fundamental qualification in both developed and developing countries. The objective of this study was to scrutinize and compare the professionalism of medical students of Malaysia and Bangladesh. This was Cross-sectional study conducted on 1208 Year-I to Year-V MBBS students of session 2011-2012 and 2012-2013, from Malaysia and Bangladesh. Data was collected using a validated instrument. Only 42% respondents were male and the rest 58% were female. Total mean professionalism scores for male was 177.57 and female was 175.82. Again total score of professionalism of Malaysia and Bangladesh were 175.50 and 177.14 respectively. Significant differences observed between gender (p=0.026) and country (p=0.044) in total scores of elements of professionalism. The present study found there has almost equal level of understanding on principal humanistic concerns of professionalism. Between gender and country there are significant differences. Professionalism should be incorporate in undergraduate and postgraduate medical course curriculum. Henceforth, communities will have rational prescriber for the common marginalized people. © 2014 Md. Zakirul Islam et al. Source

Islam M.Z.,Eastern Medical College | Salam A.,National University of Malaysia | Mosaddek A.S.M.,Uttara Adhunik Medical College | Rahman M.F.,Eastern Medical College | And 6 more authors.
International Medical Journal

Introduction: Didactic Lectures are perhaps, the most commonly used and 'Oldest teaching' method. They are one of the efficient ways to disseminate 'Theories, ideas, and facts' to the students. Currently educational connoisseurs throughout the world believe that didactic lecture is no more an operational way of teaching and knowledge transfer to students especially in medical schools. Bangladesh currently has 77 medical schools throughout the country. These schools have a unique curriculum developed by the Government of Bangladesh. As in many countries this curriculum is still exclusively dependent on lecture based teaching methods. The driving force of this study was to evaluate students perception about lecture class. Methods: This is a cross sectional study with anonymous self-Applied questionnaire. Medical students who participated in the study enjoyed total freedom to refuse. Results: Out of 612 total study population of Year-III and IV, 536 responded leading to over 87% of study population participating in current study. Among 536 study participants 236 (44%) were male and rest 300 (56%) were female. Eighty-Two percent (439) of current study population pronounced either strongly agree (SA) or agree (A) that lectures have met the criteria regarding organization of lecture materials. Seventy-nine percent (424) either strongly agree or agree that their facilitators met the objectives of the lecture class. Conclusions: Although current study finds many positive things about the quality of lecture class in Bangladesh, educational researchers suggest 'definitely newer teaching methods would be more helpful than the traditional curriculum with didactic lectures'. Concerned authorities must take initiative to do more in depth research in this regard to produce more holistic doctors for Bangladesh and rest of the world. © 2015 Japan Health Sciences University. Source

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