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Napier, New Zealand

The literature suggests that spiritual domains of experience may be influential to an individual's growth in the aftermath of stressful life events. This paper explores the role that spiritual experience might play in the process of posttraumatic growth by examining two quite different approaches to transformational growth: Lawrence Calhoun and Richard Tedeschi's posttraumatic growth model; and Stanislav and Christina Grof's framework of psycho-spiritual transformation. Both approaches are briefly outlined, compared and discussed. Some observations are made about their shared understanding of the human potential for growth and the significance of spiritual experience in the struggle to master distressing life events. A further hypothetical model is presented that marries the two approaches and offers the opportunity for individuals in the posttraumatic process and helping professionals to examine their experiences in a broader context. ©2010 Taylor & Francis.

Han J.,Lincoln University at Christchurch | Forrest R.H.,Eastern Institute of Technology | Hickford J.G.H.,Lincoln University at Christchurch
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2013

Myostatin, which is also known as growth and differentiation factor 8 (GDF8), acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. Variation in the myostatin gene (MSTN) has been associated with variation in muscularity in many animals including sheep. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCRSSCP) analysis was used to investigate MSTN in a diverse range of sheep breeds including the New Zealand (NZ) Romney, Coopworth, Corriedale, Dorper, Perendale, Suffolk, Merino, Dorset Down, Poll Dorset, Texel and other NZ cross-bred sheep. A total of 28 nucleotide substitutions were identified from nucleotide c.-1199 in the promoter region to c.*1813 (based on NCBI GenBank accession number DQ530260) and including the well-described substitution c.*1232G[A (MSTN g?6223G[A). Of these 28 substitutions, 3 were located in the promoter region, 3 in the 50UTR, 11 in intron 1, 5 in intron 2 and 5 in the 30UTR. One substitution in exon 1 (c.101G[A) potentially results in an amino acid substitution of glutamic acid (Glu) with glycine (Gly) at codon 34. Ten of these substitutions have not been reported previously. The genetic variation revealed in this study suggests this gene is more variable than hitherto reported and provides a foundation for future research into how this variation affects muscle and growth traits. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Simpson J.,30 Munroe Street | Mapel T.,Eastern Institute of Technology
New Zealand Medical Journal | Year: 2011

Aim To establish the efficacy of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for people with chronic health problems in managing symptoms and coping with their illness in an Aotearoa/New Zealand context. Method Twenty-nine participants completed a wait-list control study. Physical and psychological health and well-being were measured before, after and 6 months after the 8-week training programme using a variety of internationally recognised screening tools. Results Statistically significant improvements were demonstrated in almost all categories measured. Conclusion MBSR demonstrated health benefits for chronic illness sufferers. An economical and effective adjunctive therapy for decreasing morbidity associated with chronic illness in New Zealand, MBSR provides both clinicians and patients with an additional option for the better management of chronic illness. © NZMA.

Verhaart M.,Eastern Institute of Technology
Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT 2012 | Year: 2012

A significant issue for educators is managing the avalanche of content, and with this content volume the educator's role is changing from one of knowledge collection and dissemination, to one of curation and dissemination, in particular with digital objects. This paper builds on previous research into developing a personal integrated framework to manage an individual educator's content that allows enhancement by others, and considers whether wiki technology can be used to manage the changing emphasis from collection and dissemination to digital curation. © 2012 IEEE.

Marshall R.N.,Eastern Institute of Technology | McNair P.J.,Auckland University of Technology
Sports Biomechanics | Year: 2013

Knee injuries in golf comprise approximately 8% of all injuries, and are considered to result from overuse, technical faults or a combination of those factors. This review examines factors involved in injury, including the structure of the knee joint, kinematics and kinetics of the golf swing, forces sustained by knee joint structures and the potential for joint injury as well as injury prevention strategies. The golf swing generates forces and torques which tend to cause internal or external rotation of the tibia on the femur, and these are resisted by the knee ligaments and menisci. Research has shown that both maximum muscle forces and the forces sustained during a golf swing are less than that required to cause damage to the ligaments. However, the complex motion of the golf swing, involving both substantial forces and ranges of rotational movement, demands good technique if the player is to avoid injuring their knee joint. Most knee injury in golf is likely related to joint laxity, previous injuries or arthritis, and such damage may be exacerbated by problems in technique or overuse. In addition to appropriate coaching, strategies to remedy discomfort include specific exercise programmes, external bracing, orthotics and equipment choices. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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