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Pohjanen V.-M.,University of Oulu | Koivurova O.-P.,Terveystalo Oulu | Makinen J.M.,University of Oulu | Karhukorpi J.M.,University of Oulu | And 9 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to assess the significance of the interleukin 6 gene polymorphism -174 in gastric cancer risk. The interleukin 6 -174 G/C (rs1800795) gene polymorphisms was analyzed in gastric cancer, peptic ulcer, and nonulcer dyspepsia patients and in healthy control subjects and the data were correlated with the histopathological features of the patients' biopsies. The interleukin 6 -174 GG and GC genotypes have been previously associated with high interleukin 6 serum levels. We discovered that the interleukin 6 -174 GG and GC genotypes are associated with an increased risk of the diffuse histologic subtype of gastric carcinomas (OR: 6.809, P = 0.034), but absent in the intestinal type carcinomas (OR: 1.109, P = 0.908). No significant associations with peptic ulcer, gastric atrophy, or intestinal metaplasia were seen. Our results demonstrate that the interleukin 6 -174 GG and GC genotypes increase the risk of the diffuse type gastric carcinoma, but not the intestinal type gastric carcinoma or its precursor conditions, including atrophy or intestinal metaplasia. Thus, interleukin 6 seems to be an important carcinogenetic factor in the diffuse type gastric adenocarcinoma and its carcinogenetic effect could be noninflammatory. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Polkowska A.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | Harjunpaa A.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | Toikkanen S.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | Lappalainen M.,University of Helsinki | And 5 more authors.
Eurosurveillance | Year: 2012

The number of cases of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection detected by laboratory-based surveillance increased in Finland in late 2010. During 2011, the number of cases was four times higher than during the previous epidemic in 2005. The 2011 epidemic affected mostly school-age children. The increased number of cases was probably not due to changes in laboratory procedures, but public interest may have had an effect, since the number of Google queries followed closely the epidemic curve.


Nieminen P.,University of Eastern Finland | Westenius E.,University of Eastern Finland | Halonen T.,Eastern Finland Laboratory Center Joint Authority Enterprise | Mustonen A.-M.,University of Eastern Finland
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

The fatty acid (FA) compositions of the diet and diverse tissues of the farmed Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) were analyzed in detail to assess their nutritional quality. Twelve male fish were sampled for muscle, fat, liver, brain, gill, kidney and gonad and the tissue FA measured by gas-liquid chromatography. The FA profile of the diet diverged from the FA signatures of the tissues, where the sturgeons accumulated particular highly-unsaturated FA (HUFA). They were probably derived from the diet but, as previous studies have shown that fish can also have desaturase enzymes, endogenous synthesis of these FA cannot be excluded. The sturgeon muscle tissue contained HUFA in proportions comparable to those of other fish species that are considered good sources of n-3 polyunsaturated FA. The indices of atherogenicity and thrombogenicity were also within the values considered to be health-promoting. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Karkkainen H.,Kuopio University Hospital | Saarelainen H.,Kuopio University Hospital | Valtonen P.,Eastern Finland Laboratory Center Joint Authority Enterprise | Laitinen T.,Kuopio University Hospital | And 5 more authors.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth | Year: 2014

Background:The aims were to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on carotid artery elasticity and determine the associations between maternal lipids, endothelial function and arterial elasticity during pregnancy.Methods:We examined 99 pregnant and 99 matched non-pregnant control women as part of a population-based prospective cohort study. Carotid artery elasticity indexes; carotid artery distensibility (CAD), Young's elastic modulus (YEM) and stiffness index (SI) as well as brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) were assessed using ultrasound; serum lipid levels were also determined.Results:SI was 57% and YEM 75% higher and CAD 36% lower in the third trimester group than the corresponding values in the first trimester group. Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in women at the end of the pregnancy than at the beginning of pregnancy (P < 0.001) and in controls (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, gestational age was the only independent correlate of arterial elasticity in pregnant women. In controls, age (P ≤ 0.001) and common carotid diameter (P = 0.001-0.029) were associated with SI, YEM and CAD.Conclusions:The present study revealed that carotid artery elasticity declined towards the end of the pregnancy; this neither is straight correlating with maternal hyperlipidemia or the diameter of the carotid artery nor is it associated with changes in endothelial function. © 2014 Kärkkäinen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Tuuminen T.,University of Helsinki | Tuuminen T.,Eastern Finland Laboratory Center Joint Authority Enterprise | Hedman K.,University of Helsinki | Soderlund-Venermo M.,University of Helsinki | Seppala I.,University of Helsinki
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2011

Several infectious agents may cause arthritis or arthropathy. For example, infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, may in the late phase manifest as arthropathy. Infections with Campylobacter, Salmonella, or Yersinia may result in a postinfectious reactive arthritis. Acute infection with parvovirus B19 (B19V) may likewise initiate transient or chronic arthropathy. All these conditions may be clinically indistinguishable from rheumatoid arthritis. Here, we present evidence that acute B19V infection may elicit IgM antibodies that are polyspecific or cross-reactive with a variety of bacterial antigens. Their presence may lead to misdiagnosis and improper clinical management, exemplified here by two case descriptions. Further, among 33 subjects with proven recent B19V infection we found IgM enzyme immunoassay (EIA) positivity for Borrelia only; for Borrelia and Salmonella; for Borrelia and Campylobacter; and for Borrelia, Campylobacter, and Salmonella in 26 (78.7%), 1 (3%), 2 (6%), and 1 (3%), respectively; however, when examined by Borrelia LineBlot, all samples were negative. These antibodies persisted over 3 months in 4/13 (38%) patients tested. Likewise, in a retrospective comparison of the results of a diagnostic laboratory, 9/11 (82%) patients with confirmed acute B19V infection showed IgM antibody to Borrelia. However, none of 12 patients with confirmed borreliosis showed any serological evidence of acute B19V infection. Our study demonstrates that recent B19V infection can be misinterpreted as secondary borreliosis or enteropathogen-induced reactive arthritis. To obtain the correct diagnosis, we emphasize caution in interpretation of polyreactive IgM and exclusion of recent B19V infection in patients examined for infectious arthritis or arthropathy. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

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