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Kang-neung, South Korea

Kim D.-H.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Lee K.-H.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Bae B.-S.,East Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Park S.-W.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute
Fisheries Science | Year: 2011

It is important to estimate the productive efficiencies of industries, especially the fishing industry, in order to determine policies that can improve business conditions. In this study, the productive efficiency of the sandfish coastal gillnet fishery on the east coast of Korea has been estimated using stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). A translog production function wherein the inefficiency was represented by a truncated-normal distribution was established; the output variable was the trip production quantity, the input variables were physical production factors directly related to the fishing activities of vessels, such as tonnage, horsepower, and the number of employed fishers. The average productive efficiency of the sample was 0.59 [0.40-0.79], which implied that productive inefficiency occurs in sandfish coastal gillnet vessels. Moreover, it was verified that there are no differences among the average productive efficiencies of fishing vessels of different tonnages. © 2010 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science.

Kim Y.-S.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Lee Y.-H.,East Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Kwon J.-N.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Choi H.-G.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2015

The formation and distribution of oxygen-deficient water mass (ODW) in Jinhae Bay exhibited seasonal patterns similar to those of the summer thermocline, indicating a close mutual relationship, and the influence of ODW formation conditions appeared prominently in the bottom water. The principal factors analysis indicate that dissolved oxygen and NO2 in the bottom water during the time of ODW formation were highly correlated with NH3 and dissolved inorganic phosphorus. The findings clearly illustrate the effects on ODW of seasonal physical and chemical changes. ODW that formed in the bottom water of Jinhae Bay during summer produced high concentrations of nutrients in the bottom water; since the growth of phytoplankton was limited by the strong stratification and low concentrations of dissolved oxygen (<3mg/L) in the bottom layer, these nutrients (especially NH3 and DIP) were retained and accumulated, serving as a major source of nutrients during the dry winter. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Cho E.-S.,Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute | Jeong H.-D.,East Sea Fisheries Research Institute
Journal of Environmental Biology | Year: 2012

The cDNA of Crassostrea gigas HSP70 was cloned and rapid amplification of cDNA (RACE) techniques were used. The full length of HSP70 cDNA was 2045 bp, consisting of a 5' terminal untranslated region (UTR) of 80 bp, a 3' terminal UTR 146 bp, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 1829 bp encoding deduced 620 amino acids. The HSP70 cDNA contained HSP70 family signatures, ATP-GTP binding site motif, tetrapeptide (GGMP) and conserved carboxyl terminal region (EEVD) at C-terminal of deduced amino acid sequence. BLAST analysis revealed that the HSP70 gene has an extreme similarity of 98.9% with C. gigas (AF144646). Northern blotting was used to examine the expression of HSP70 mRNA in the gill tissue of the oyster obtained from surface, middle and bottom layers. The HSP70 mRNA observed the samples taken from middle and bottom layers in September and February, but samples from the surface layer did not find a signal intensity of HSP70 mRNA transcript. Consequently, it seems that the oyster occurring middle and bottom layer have been stressed during the period of summer and winter, which is associated with the massive mortality in Gamak bay. © 2012 Triveni Enterprises.

Choi E.J.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Choi E.J.,Gangneung - Wonju National University | Kwon H.C.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Koh H.Y.,Gangneung - Wonju National University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2010

A marine bacterial strain, KMD 002T, was isolated from an Amur starfish, Asterias amurensis, collected in the East Sea of Korea. Strain KMD 002T was a Gram-negative, beige-pigmented, rod-shaped bacterium. The strain was capable of growth at relatively low temperatures (4-25 °C) and over a broad pH range (pH 4.0-10.0). The major fatty acids were C 16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and C 16 : 0 and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content of strain KMD 002T was 40.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain KMD 002T belonged to the genus Colwellia. However, various phenotypic properties as well as low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to members of the genus Colwellia (94.1-96.7 %) suggested that strain KMD 002T is a representative of a novel species, for which the name Colwellia asteriadis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMD 002T (=KCCM 90077T =JCM 15608T). © 2010 IUMS.

Choi J.,East Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Lee S.-M.,Gangneung - Wonju National University
Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2015

This study investigated the effects of dietary lipid sources on growth and fatty acid composition of juvenile Chinese longsnout catfish. Triplicate groups of fish (initial average weight, 3.8 g) were fed four diets containing either fish oil (FO), soybean oil (SO), linseed oil (LO) and lauric acid (LA) for 10 weeks. There were no differences among the groups in body weight, feed intake, feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio, and body proximate composition of fish fed the diets containing different lipid sources (P > 0.05) during the study. However, fatty acids compositions of the whole body were influenced by dietary lipid source. Fish fed the SO diet had high concentration of linoleic acid, whereas those of fish fed the LO diet were rich in linolenic acid and arachidonic acid. Fish fed the FO diet had significantly (P < 0.05) higher levels of monounsaturated fatty acids such as 18:1n-9 and 20:1n-9 than those of fish fed the SO and LO diets. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) composition of body were not influenced by dietary lipid source. The results suggest that each of FO, SO, LO or LA can be used as a lipid source in the diets of Chinese longsnout catfish without any negative effects on growth and feed utilization and these data demonstrate the potential impact which dietary fat composition can change the body fatty acid profile. © 2015 The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.

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