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Ayasan T.,East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Ayasan T.,Cukurova University
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of 3 different levels of probiotic on hatchability of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). In this study, 225 female Japanese quails were used. The experimental quails were divided into 3 dietary treatment groups of similar mean weight comprising 75 birds each, which was divided into 3 subgroups of 25 birds each. Treatment groups were assigned control group A (unsupplemented diet), group B (0.5 kg/tonne commercial probiotic supplemented diet) and group C (1.0 kg/tonne commercial probiotic supplemented diet) for 5 weeks. After 5 weeks, probiotic treatment was ceased and then all groups were allowed to nourish standard layer diet. Results showed that protexin supplementation to the diet did not affect hatchability of total eggs set, hatchability of fertile eggs set and fertile egg%. Source

Eker S.,Cukurova University | Heybet E.H.,Cukurova University | Barut H.,East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Erdem H.,Gaziosmanpasa University
Fresenius Environmental Bulletin

A greenhouse pot-experiment was conducted in this research to investigate the effects of zinc (Zn) nutrition on sodium chloride (NaCl) stress of a bread wheat genotype (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Ceyhan 99). Plants were grown under 2 different Zn (0.25 and 5 mg kg-1 soil) and 3 different NaCl (0, 5 and 10 dS m-1) treatments. Plants were harvested after 78 days of growth and shoot dry matter production, shoot Zn, sodium (Na), potassium (K) and calcium (Ca) concentrations were determined and also shoot K/Na and Ca/Na ratios were calculated. Increasing salinity levels reduced shoot dry weights at both Zn doses. The reduction of dry weight in increased salinity with low Zn conditions receded remarkably with sufficient Zn treatment. Sufficient Zn application increased shoot Zn concentration significantly at all salt levels. Increases in Na concentration with salt treatments were found to be higher at low Zn supply than sufficient Zn conditions. Higher K concentrations were observed in each salt dose at sufficient Zn than low Zn level. Under high salt treatment, shoot K concentration significantly decreased at both Zn supplies. Calcium concentration of shoot significantly increased with increasing salinity doses at both Zn treatments. Lower Ca concentrations were observed at sufficient Zn than deficit Zn levels under 5 and 10 dS m-1 salinity levels. K/Na and Ca/Na ratios significantly decreased with increasing salinity under both Zn doses. The results showed that sufficient level of Zn in soil may ameliorate the detrimental effects of NaCl stress in bread wheat by reducing Na and increasing K concentrations in shoots. © by PSP. Source

Ayasan T.,East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of probiotics on fattening performance and carcass parameters in 1-to 35-day-old Japanese quails. Day-old male Japanese quail chicks (288) were randomly divided into 4 treatments with 3 replicates of 24/pen (mean body weight 8.39 g). The dietary treatments were as follows: Group A, basal diet; group B, basal diet supplemented with 0.5 kg/tonne protexin; group C, basal diet supplemented with 1.0 kg/tonne protexin; and group D, basal diet supplemented with 1.5 kg/tonne protexin. The study lasted for 5 weeks. Results showed that probiotic did not influence body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), and carcass traits of 35-d-old broilers (P> 0.05). Inclusion of 1.5 kg/tonne probiotic in the diet of quails decreased average weekly body weights, compared with those fed with basal diet and another groups (P< 0.05). Source

Eker S.,Cukurova University | Barut H.,East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

This study was carried out to determine the effects of cadmium (Cd) (0 and 2 mg kg-1 soil) and salt stress (NaCl 0 and 3000 mg kg-1 soil) on shoot dry weights and shoot Cd, sodium (Na) and potassium (K) concentrations of salt-tolerant (Maverik) and salt-sensitive (RX-9292) hybrid maize varieties. Plants were grown under controlled greenhouse conditions for 19 days. Shoot dry matter productions and shoot Cd, Na and K concentrations were determined following the harvest. Element contents were calculated by multiplying shoot dry weights with element concentrations. Cadmium, NaCl and Cd+NaCl treatments significantly decreased (P < 0.05) shoot dry matter productions of both varieties. The decline in dry matter production was higher in RX-9292 compared to Maverik. Higher increases in Cd concentrations and contents with Cd treatments were observed in RX-9292 than that of Maverik. Combined treatments of Cd and NaCl also yielded higher Cd concentration and contents in RX-9292 compared with Maverik. The variety of RX-9292 had higher Na concentration and content than Maverik under NaCl and Cd+NaCl treatments. Cd-induced growth decline and Cd accumulations in shoots revealed that salt-sensitive RX-9292 was more sensitive to Cd compared to the salt-tolerant Maverik. Plant tolerance of Cd and salinity should definitely be known in cultural practices carried out over agricultural lands with salinity and Cd concerns. Source

Gul S.,Mustafa Kemal University | Keskin M.,Mustafa Kemal University | Gocmez Z.,East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute | Gunduz Z.,Mustafa Kemal University
Italian Journal of Animal Science

In this study, the effects of supplemental feeding to extensive pasture condition on some reproductive and milk yield characteristics in Kilis goats have been investigated. For this study, 180 Kilis goats were used. These goats were assigned into two groups as control and treatment. Control goats were allowed to graze pasture, while treatment goats were additionally fed 750 g/day with concentrated feed per head plus pasture facility. At the end of the study the average fertility rate, marketable milk yield, lactation length and lactation milk yield were determined as 115.56%, 215.5 ± 5.28 l, 212.5 ± 1.09 days 293.7 ± 5.76 l, respectively, in the control goats; 131.1%, 304.1 ± 6.48 l, 256.5 ± 1.79 days, 408.3 ± 7.21 l, respectively, in the treatment goats. To conclude, supplementary feeding plus pasture improved reproductive and milk yield performance in Kilis goats. © 2016 The Author(s). Source

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