Time filter

Source Type

Kalita V.M.,National Technical University of Ukraine | Kalita V.M.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences | Snarskii A.A.,National Technical University of Ukraine | Snarskii A.A.,Institute for Information Recording NAS of Ukraine | And 2 more authors.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2016

Magnetoactive elastomers (MAEs) are composite materials comprised of micrometer-sized ferromagnetic particles in a nonmagnetic elastomer matrix. A single-particle mechanism of magnetostriction in MAEs, assuming the rotation of a soft magnetic, mechanically rigid particle with uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in magnetic fields is identified and considered theoretically within the framework of an alternative model. In this mechanism, the total magnetic anisotropy energy of the filling particles in the matrix is the sum over single particles. Matrix displacements in the vicinity of the particle and the resulting direction of the magnetization vector are calculated. The effect of matrix deformation is pronounced well if the magnetic anisotropy coefficient K is much larger than the shear modulus μ of the elastic matrix. The feasibility of the proposed magnetostriction mechanism in soft magnetoactive elastomers and gels is elucidated. The magnetic-field-induced internal stresses in the matrix lead to effects of magnetodeformation and may increase the elastic moduli of these composite materials. © 2016 American Physical Society.

Sorokin V.V.,Moscow State University | Stepanov G.V.,RAS Institute of Chemistry | Shamonin M.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | Monkman G.J.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | And 2 more authors.
Polymer (United Kingdom) | Year: 2015

Hysteresis in dynamic modulus, loss factor and normal forces of magnetoactive elastomers (MAEs) comprising various proportions of small (3-5 μm) and large (50-60 μm) ferromagnetic particles are experimentally studied using dynamic torsion performed at a fixed oscillation frequency in varying DC magnetic fields. It is shown that hysteresis is a characteristic feature of MAEs observed both under increasing/decreasing magnetic field strength and increasing/decreasing strain amplitude. This hysteresis is attributed to the specific rearrangement of the magnetic filler network under simultaneously applied magnetic field and shear deformation. Rheological properties of the magnetic filler network formed in the magnetic field and, therefore, the rheological properties of MAEs depend strongly on the filler composition and the magnetic field magnitude. Larger magnetic particles and higher magnetic fields provide stronger magnetic networks. Both factors result in the extension of the linear viscoelastic regime to larger strain amplitudes and lead to higher values of shear storage and loss moduli. It is found that the hysteresis width maximises at an intermediate magnetic field where it is attributed to the balance between elastic and magnetic particle interactions. This is apparently where the most significant restructuring of the magnetic network occurs. The hysteresis width decreases with increasing fraction of large particles in the magnetic filler. The loss factor grows significantly when the magnetic network is physically broken by large strains γ > 1%. A huge (more than one order of magnitude) increase of normal force at maximum magnetic field strengths is observed. It is predicted that any physical quantity depending on the internal structuring of the magnetic filler should demonstrate hysteresis either with a changing magnetic field and constant deformation amplitude or under variable deformation in a constant magnetic field. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Belyaeva I.A.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | Kramarenko E.Yu.,Moscow State University | Stepanov G.V.,RAS Institute of Chemistry | Sorokin V.V.,Moscow State University | And 2 more authors.
Soft Matter | Year: 2016

Transient rheological response of magnetoactive elastomers is experimentally studied using dynamic torsion at a fixed oscillation frequency in temporally stepwise changing magnetic fields and oscillation amplitudes. For step magnetic-field excitations, at least three exponential functions are required to reasonably describe the time behavior of the storage shear modulus over long time scales (>103 s). The deduced characteristic time constants of the corresponding rearrangement processes of the filler network differ approximately by one order of magnitude: τ1 ≲ 101 s, τ2 ∼ 102 s, and τ3 ∼ 103 s. The sudden imposition of the external magnetic field activates a very fast rearrangement process with the characteristic time under 10 s, which cannot be determined more precisely due to the measurement conditions. Even more peculiar transient behavior has been observed during pyramid excitations, when either the external magnetic field was first stepwise increased and then decreased in a staircase manner at a fixed strain amplitude γ or the strain amplitude γ was first stepwise increased and then decreased in a staircase manner at a fixed magnetic field. In particular, the so-called "cross-over effect" has been identified in both dynamical loading programs. This cross-over effect seems to be promoted by the application of the external magnetic field. The experimental results are discussed in the context of the specific rearrangement of the magnetic filler network under the simultaneous action of the external magnetic field and shear deformation. Striking similarities of the observed phenomena to the structural relaxation processes in glassy materials and to the jamming transition of granular materials are pointed out. The obtained results are important for fundamental understanding of material behavior in magnetic fields as well as for the development of devices on the basis of magnetoactive elastomeric materials. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.

Sorokin V.V.,Moscow State University | Ecker E.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | Stepanov G.V.,RAS Institute of Chemistry | Shamonin M.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | And 3 more authors.
Soft Matter | Year: 2014

The dynamic modulus and the loss factor of magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) of various compositions and anisotropies are studied by dynamic torsion oscillations performed in the absence and in the presence of an external magnetic field. The emphasis is on the Payne effect, i.e. the dependence of the elastomer magnetorheological characteristics on the strain amplitude and their evolution with cyclically increasing and decreasing strain amplitudes. MREs are based on two silicone matrices differing in storage modulus (soft, G′ ∼ 103 Pa, and hard, G′ ∼ 103 Pa, matrices). For each matrix, the concentration of carbonyl iron particles with diameters of 3-5 μm was equal to 70 and 82 mass% (22 and 35 vol%, respectively) in the composite material. Samples for each filler content, isotropic and aligned-particles, are investigated. It is found that the Payne effect significantly increases in the presence of an external magnetic field and varies with the cyclical loading which reaches saturation after several cycles. The results are interpreted as the processes of formation-destruction-reformation of the internal filler structure under the simultaneously applied mechanical force and magnetic field. Impacts of matrix elasticity and magnetic interactions on the filler alignment are elucidated. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014.

Stadler D.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials | Hofmann M.J.,University of Regensburg | Motschmann H.,University of Regensburg | Shamonin M.,East Bavarian Center for Intelligent Materials
Measurement Science and Technology | Year: 2016

The surface dilational modulus is a crucial parameter for describing the rheological properties of aqueous surfactant solutions. These properties are important for many technological processes. The present paper describes a fully automated instrument based on the oscillating bubble technique. It works in the frequency range from 1 Hz to 500 Hz, where surfactant exchange dynamics governs the relaxation process. The originality of instrument design is the consistent combination of modern measurement technologies with advanced imaging and signal processing algorithms. Key steps on the way to reliable and precise measurements are the excitation of harmonic oscillation of the bubble, phase sensitive evaluation of the pressure response, adjustment and maintenance of the bubble shape to half sphere geometry for compensation of thermal drifts, contour tracing of the bubbles video images, removal of noise and artefacts within the image for improving the reliability of the measurement, and, in particular, a complex trigger scheme for the measurement of the oscillation amplitude, which may vary with frequency as a result of resonances. The corresponding automation and programming tasks are described in detail. Various programming strategies, such as the use of MATLAB® software and native C++ code are discussed. An advance in the measurement technique is demonstrated by a fully automated measurement. The instrument has the potential to mature into a standard technique in the fields of colloid and interface chemistry and provides a significant extension of the frequency range to established competing techniques and state-of-the-art devices based on the same measurement principle. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Discover hidden collaborations