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In 2017, the global cobalt supply and demand structure will be reversed, with the supply gap of 3,320 tons, because: First, in recent years, the cobalt price has been hovering at a low level, some cobalt mines have reduced or ceased production, and no large cobalt mines have been put into production, resulting in the slowdown of the cobalt supply. Second, the cobalt metal demand has soared quickly as the demand for new energy vehicles continues to grow. It is expected that the global cobalt market will face a tight supply situation in 2017-2021, with the gap of 12,000 tons by 2021. Affected by the market supply and demand pattern, the prices of cobalt and cobalt products at home and abroad have been rising since July 2016. Till early March 2017, the prices of MB cobalt (high grade) and MB cobalt (low grade) jumped by more than 125% and 117% to USD25.13 / lb and USD23.73 / lb respectively. As the contradiction between supply and demand becomes increasingly prominent, the cobalt price will keep swelling in 2017, but with the relatively low growth rate. China is the world's largest producer of refined cobalt, with the output of 63,000 tons and holding a global share of 58.6% in 2016; the output is expected to grow to 72,500 tons in 2017. Also, China is the largest consumer of cobalt around the globe, and the consumption increased by 5.3% year on year to 45,800 tons in 2016, accounting for 44.1% of the global total. In 2017-2021, the consumption will keep an AAGR of at least 12%. By 2021, China's consumption of refined cobalt is expected to exceed 80,000 tons, mainly thanks to the fast-growing new energy vehicle and lithium battery markets. At present, battery material is a sector where cobalt finds most application in China, accounting for 76.6% in 2016 and potentially 79.0% in 2021. 1 Cobalt Overview 2 Status Quo of Global Cobalt Market 3 Cobalt Market Development in China 4 China's Import and Export of Cobalt by Product 5 Demand of Main Cobalt Downstream Industries 6 Major Global Cobalt Manufacturers 7 Major Chinese Cobalt Producers - Beijing Easpring Material Technology - Chengdu Huaze Cobalt&nickel Material Co., Ltd - Freeport - Glencore Xstrata - Hanrui Cobalt - Huayou Cobalt - Jiangxi Jiangwu Cobalt Co., Ltd. - Jiangxi Jiangwu International Nickel and Cobalt New Materials Co., Ltd. - Jiangxi Jiangwu Nickel and Cobalt New Materials Co., Ltd. - Jiangxi Rare Metal Tungsten Industry Holding Group Co., Ltd. - Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd. - Nantong Xinwei Nickel & Cobalt Hightech Development Co., Ltd. - Ramu Nico Management (Mcc) Limited - Shandong Jinling Mining - Shenzhen Green Eco-manufacture Hi-tech - Umicore - Vale For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/85jq4k/global_and_china To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-cobalt-industry-report-2017-2021-focus-on-the-chinese-industry---research-and-markets-300458178.html


Chen Y.-B.,University of Science and Technology Beijing | Chen Y.-B.,Easpring Material Technology | Chen Y.-B.,Beijing General Research Institute of Mining And Metallurgy | Hu Y.,University of Science and Technology Beijing | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials | Year: 2010

Samples with the nominal stoichiometry Li1.05Cr 0.1Mn1.9O4-z F z (z=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2) were synthesized via the solid-state reaction method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), galvanostatic charge/discharge, and slow rate cyclic voltammetry (SSCV) techniques. The results show that the pure spinel phase indexed to Fd3m can be obtained when z=0, 0.05, and 0.1. The substitution of F for O with z≤0.1 contributes to the increase of initial capacity compared with Li 1.05Cr0.1Mn1.9O4 spinels. However, when the F-dopant content is designed to be 0.15 and 0.2, the Li 1.05Cr0.1Mn1.9O4-z F z samples deliver relatively low capacity and poor cycling properties at 55°C. © 2010 University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


— In 2016, the global shipment of cathode materials grew 26.7% year on year. Thanks to brisk demand from electric vehicles, LFP and NCA show rapid growth among which NCA gets primarily used for Panasonic 18650 cylindrical batteries (to be supplied to Tesla EVs) and substantial growth of LFP benefits mainly from China’s EV demand, particularly robust demand from electric buses as well as application in energy storage field. Globally, the cathode materials used for electric passenger cars are mostly ternary materials and lithium manganate; however, Chinese electric passenger cars adopt both of LFP and ternary materials. Ternary materials tend to be the mainstream in the future. In the aspect of commercial vehicles, the lifting of the ban on ternary batteries for commercial vehicle in 2017 will conduce to the demand growth for ternary materials. Complete report spread across 257 pages and 241 List of Charts at http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/872799-global-and-china-ternary-cathode-materials-nca-ncm-and-battery-industry-report-2017-2020.html In 2016, China produced 161,600 tons of cathode materials, a year-on-year increase of 43%. Specifically, the LiFePO4 output soared 75% year on year to 57,000 tons, under the impetus of power batteries and energy storage lithium batteries. Driven by new energy passenger cars, lithium battery bicycles, medium and low-end digital lithium batteries and other markets, the output of ternary materials swelled 49% year on year to 54,300 tons. The LiCoO2 shipment jumped 9.4% year on year to 34,900 tons. After experiencing the downturn in 2013-H1 2015, ternary materials witnessed rising penetration rates in all sub-fields with the rapid growth of new energy vehicles in H2 2015. In China, the average price of ternary materials ascended swiftly from H2 2015, and the NCM523 price hit RMB140,000 -150,000 / ton in 2016. Major ternary material producers in China have begun to build new projects and expand capacity. In 2016, the overall capacity of top ten ternary material enterprises including Hunan Shanshan, Xiamen Tungsten, Ningbo Jinhe, Shenzhen Zhenhua and Xinxiang Tianli Energy fetched 30,000 tons, enjoying the market share of about 60%. At present, only a small number of domestic cathode material enterprises boast high nickel NCM622 capacity, for instance, Beijing Easpring Material Technology is the largest Chinese enterprise with the NCM622 capacity of 2,800 tons, and will put its Jiangsu project phase II (NCM622 capacity: 4,000 tons) into production in 2017. As concerns technology trends, the novel lithium-rich laminated ternary materials are possible to be utilized as the cathode material for future high-energy-density lithium-ion battery due to exceedingly high specific capacity and excellent cycling competence. Currently, first discharge of 0.1C (C stands for capacity) such material is higher than 250mAh/g and capacity retention ratio is above 90% after the cycling of thirty times, presenting remarkable electrochemical properties. The report focuses on the following aspects: • Supply and demand of ternary materials in China and the world, particularly the shares of applications in such fields as new energy vehicle and consumer electronics; • Competitive landscape in China and beyond, covering domestic and overseas companies’ market share, capacity planning, market pattern, etc.; • Technology routes and development trends of ternary materials in China and the world; • Analysis on upstream and downstream market segments of ternary materials, consisting of cobalt metal, lithium carbonate, ternary precursor, ternary lithium battery, etc.; • Key application growth points of ternary cathode materials, and analysis on electric vehicle industry in China and the world; • Operation, technologies, development plans and production & sales dynamics of six manufacturers of ternary cathode materials from countries like Japan, S.Korea, Belgium and Germany; • Operation, technologies, development plans and production & sales dynamics of fourteen Chinese ternary cathode material manufacturers; • Operation, technologies, development plans and production & sales dynamics of seven producers of ternary lithium battery from nations such as Japan, S.Korea and Europe; • Operation, technologies, development plans and production & sales dynamics of nine Chinese ternary lithium battery manufacturers. Major Points from Table of Contents 1 Overview of Ternary Cathode Materials 2 Global Ternary Cathode Material Industry 3 China Ternary Cathode Material Industry 4 Ternary Cathode Material Industry Chain 5 Global and Chinese Electric Vehicle Market 6 Foreign Ternary Cathode Materials Companies 7 Chinese Ternary Cathode Materials Enterprises 8 Major Global Ternary Lithium Battery Manufacturers 9 Major Chinese Ternary Lithium Battery Manufacturers About Us: ReportsnReports.com is your single source for all market research needs. Our database includes 500,000+ market research reports from over 95 leading global publishers & in-depth market research studies of over 5000 micro markets. With comprehensive information about the publishers and the industries for which they publish market research reports, we help you in your purchase decision by mapping your information needs with our huge collection of reports. Feel free to Call us at + 1 888 391 5441 or Email us at sales@reportsandreports.com . For more information, please visit http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/872799-global-and-china-ternary-cathode-materials-nca-ncm-and-battery-industry-report-2017-2020.html


Yang Y.,General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, China | Yan X.,General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, China | Wang Z.,Easpring Material Technology | Chen S.,General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, China | Li H.,General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, China
Cailiao Kexue yu Gongyi/Material Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Cross section distortion and spring back affect the geometric accuracy of bending parts of aluminum rectangular tube in rotary-draw bending. To control dimension precision of bending parts, the influence of yield strength and relative bending radius on the cross section distortion and spring back was studied by experiment and theoretical analysis. The results showed that the cross section distortion and spring back of radius of curvature increased with the increase of yield strength, but the cross section distortion at vertical radial direction changed relatively little. With the increase of the relative bending radius, the cross section distortion at radial direction and spring back degree of radius of curvature decreased gradually. Whereas the cross section distortion at vertical radial direction changed little.


Easpring Material Technology | Entity website

:300073 010-52269718 :010-52269709,:shenji@easpring.com ...


Easpring Material Technology | Entity website

:300073 010-52269718 :010-52269709,:shenji@easpring.com ...


Easpring Material Technology | Entity website

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Easpring Material Technology | Entity website

:300073 010-52269718 :010-52269709,:shenji@easpring.com ...


Easpring Material Technology | Entity website

:300073 010-52269718 :010-52269709,:shenji@easpring.com ...


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