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Bachet J.-B.,EA4340 Epidemiologie et Oncogenese des tumeurs digestives | Bachet J.-B.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Tabone-Eglinger S.,University of Lyon | Tabone-Eglinger S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objective:Most gain of function mutations of tyrosine kinase receptors in human tumours are hemizygous. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) with homozygous mutations have a worse prognosis. We aimed to identify genes differentially regulated by hemizygous and heterozygous KIT mutations.Materials and Methods:Expression of 94 genes and 384 miRNA was analysed with low density arrays in five NIH3T3 cell lines expressing the full-length human KIT cDNA wild-type (WT), hemizygous KIT mutation with del557-558 (D6) or del564-581 (D54) and heterozygous WT/D6 or WT/D54. Expression of 5 of these genes and 384 miRNA was then analysed in GISTs samples.Results:Unsupervised and supervised hierarchical clustering of the mRNA and miRNA profiles showed that heterozygous mutants clustered with KIT WT expressing cells while hemizygous mutants were distinct. Among hemizygous cells, D6 and D54 expressing cells clustered separately. Most deregulated genes have been reported as potentially implicated in cancer and severals, as ANXA8 and FBN1, are highlighted by both, mRNA and miRNA analyses. MiRNA and mRNA analyses in GISTs samples confirmed that their expressions varied according to the mutation of the alleles. Interestingly, RGS16, a membrane protein of the regulator of G protein family, correlate with the subcellular localization of KIT mutants and might be responsible for regulation of the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway.Conclusion:Patterns of mRNA and miRNA expression in cells and tumours depend on heterozygous/hemizygous status of KIT mutations, and deletion/presence of TYR568 & TYR570 residues. Thus each mutation of KIT may drive specific oncogenic pathways. © 2013 Bachet et al.

Brahimi-Adouane S.,EA4340 Epidemiologie et Oncogenese des tumeurs digestives | Bachet J.-B.,EA4340 Epidemiologie et Oncogenese des tumeurs digestives | Bachet J.-B.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Tabone-Eglinger S.,Center Leon Berard | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Oncology | Year: 2013

Gain of function mutations of KIT are frequent in some human tumors, and are sensible to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In most tumors, oncogenic mutations are heterozygous, however most in vitro data of KIT activation have been obtained with hemizygous mutation. This study aimed to investigate the maturation and activation of wild-type (WT) and mutant (M) forms of KIT in hemizygous and heterozygous conditions. WT and two types of exon 11 deletions M forms of human KIT were expressed in NIH3T3 cell lines. Membrane expression of KIT was quantified by flow cytometry. Quantification of glycosylated forms of KIT and phosphorylated forms of AKT and ERK were performed by western blot. Simultaneous activation of WT KIT and treatment with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) inhibitors, tunicamycin or brefeldin A induced a complete inhibition of membrane expression of the 145 kDa form of KIT. By contrast activation or ER inhibitors alone, only partly inhibited this form. ER inhibitors also inhibited KIT activation-dependent phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2. Brefeldin A induced a complete down regulation of the 145 kDa form in hemizygous M, and induced an intra-cellular accumulation of the 125 kDa form in WT but not in hemizygous M. Heterozygous cells had glycosylation and response to ER inhibitors patterns more similar to WT than to hemizygous M. Phosphorylated AKT was reduced in hemizygous cells in comparison to WT KIT cells and heterozygous cells, and in the presence of brefeldin A in all cell lines. Effects of ER inhibitors are significantly different in hemizygous and heterozygous mutants. Differences in intra-cellular trafficking of KIT forms result in differences in downstream signaling pathways, and activation of PI3K/AKT pathway appears to be tied to the presence of the mature 145 kDa form of KIT at the membrane surface. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

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