EA 4427 SeRAIC

Rennes, France

EA 4427 SeRAIC

Rennes, France
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Fremin C.,EA 4427 SeRAIC | Fremin C.,University of Rennes 1 | Fremin C.,European University of Brittany | Ezan F.,EA 4427 SeRAIC | And 26 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2012

Recent reports suggest that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1) and ERK2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) may direct specific biological functions under certain contexts. In this study, we investigated the role of early and sustained epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation on long-term hepatocyte differentiation and the possible role of ERK1 and ERK2 in this process. We demonstrate a long-term survival and an elevated level of differentiation up to 3 weeks. The differentiation state of hepatocytes is supported by sustained expression of aldolase B, albumin, and the detoxifying enzymes CYP1A2, 2B2, and 3A23. Similarly to freshly isolated cells, cultured hepatocytes also retain the ability to respond to 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) and phenobarbital (PB), two known CYP inducers. In addition, we show evidence that continuous MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibition enhances the level of differentiation. Using RNA interference approaches against ERK1 and ERK2, we demonstrate that this effect requires both ERK1 and ERK2 activity, whereas the specific ERK1 knockdown promotes cell survival and the specific ERK2 knockdown regulates cell proliferation. In conclusion, we demonstrate that early and sustained EGF stimulation greatly extends long-term hepatocyte survival and differentiation, and that inhibition of the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway potentiates these pro-survival/pro-differentiation phenotypes. We clearly attest that specific ERK1 and ERK2 MAPKs determine hepatocyte survival and proliferation, respectively, whereas dual inhibition is required to stabilize a highly differentiated state. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | EA 4427 SeRAIC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cellular physiology | Year: 2011

Recent reports suggest that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1) and ERK2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) may direct specific biological functions under certain contexts. In this study, we investigated the role of early and sustained epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation on long-term hepatocyte differentiation and the possible role of ERK1 and ERK2 in this process. We demonstrate a long-term survival and an elevated level of differentiation up to 3 weeks. The differentiation state of hepatocytes is supported by sustained expression of aldolase B, albumin, and the detoxifying enzymes CYP1A2, 2B2, and 3A23. Similarly to freshly isolated cells, cultured hepatocytes also retain the ability to respond to 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) and phenobarbital (PB), two known CYP inducers. In addition, we show evidence that continuous MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibition enhances the level of differentiation. Using RNA interference approaches against ERK1 and ERK2, we demonstrate that this effect requires both ERK1 and ERK2 activity, whereas the specific ERK1 knockdown promotes cell survival and the specific ERK2 knockdown regulates cell proliferation. In conclusion, we demonstrate that early and sustained EGF stimulation greatly extends long-term hepatocyte survival and differentiation, and that inhibition of the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway potentiates these pro-survival/pro-differentiation phenotypes. We clearly attest that specific ERK1 and ERK2 MAPKs determine hepatocyte survival and proliferation, respectively, whereas dual inhibition is required to stabilize a highly differentiated state.

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