EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory

Montpellier, France

EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory

Montpellier, France

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Dupeyron A.,EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory | Dupeyron A.,Nimes Teaching Hospital | Perrey S.,EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory | Micallef J.-P.,EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology | Year: 2010

There is still conflicting evidence about the influence of fatigue on trunk reflex activity. The aim of this study was to measure response latency and amplitude changes of lumbar and abdominal muscles after heavy external force perturbation applied to the trunk in the sagittal plane before and after back muscle fatigue, in expected and unexpected conditions. Ten healthy subjects in a semi-seated position, torso upright in a specific apparatus performed an intermittent back muscle fatigue protocol. EMG reflex activity of erector spinae (ES) and external oblique muscles were recorded in unexpected and in expected (self pre-activation) conditions. After fatigue, the normalized reflex amplitude of ES increased in expected and unexpected conditions (P<0.05) while ES response latency was slightly decreased. Reflexes latencies for ES were systematically shorter (P<0.05) of 25% in expected compared to unexpected conditions. These findings suggest that a large external force perturbation would elicit higher paraspinal magnitude responses and possible earlier activation in order to compensate the loss of muscular force after fatigue. Because of the seated position the postural adjustments were probably not triggered and thus explain the lack of abdominal activation. The self-anticipated pre-activation in order to counteract perturbations was not affected by fatigue illustrating the natural muscular activation to maintain trunk stability. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology | Year: 2010

There is still conflicting evidence about the influence of fatigue on trunk reflex activity. The aim of this study was to measure response latency and amplitude changes of lumbar and abdominal muscles after heavy external force perturbation applied to the trunk in the sagittal plane before and after back muscle fatigue, in expected and unexpected conditions. Ten healthy subjects in a semi-seated position, torso upright in a specific apparatus performed an intermittent back muscle fatigue protocol. EMG reflex activity of erector spinae (ES) and external oblique muscles were recorded in unexpected and in expected (self pre-activation) conditions. After fatigue, the normalized reflex amplitude of ES increased in expected and unexpected conditions (P<0.05) while ES response latency was slightly decreased. Reflexes latencies for ES were systematically shorter (P<0.05) of 25% in expected compared to unexpected conditions. These findings suggest that a large external force perturbation would elicit higher paraspinal magnitude responses and possible earlier activation in order to compensate the loss of muscular force after fatigue. Because of the seated position the postural adjustments were probably not triggered and thus explain the lack of abdominal activation. The self-anticipated pre-activation in order to counteract perturbations was not affected by fatigue illustrating the natural muscular activation to maintain trunk stability.

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