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Artioli G.,University of Padua | Artioli G.,e Center for the Study of Cements | Dalconi M.C.,University of Padua | Dalconi M.C.,e Center for the Study of Cements | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Materials Research | Year: 2012

Absorption-based X-ray micro-tomography (X-lCT) provides fundamental in-situ information on the 3D microstructure of complex multiphase materials such as cements. However, since the phases present in a hydrating cement paste may be characterized by similar values of the attenuation coefficient, leading to low absorption contrast between different crystalline or amorphous phases, micro-structural interpretation can be equivocal. 3D phase mapping by Xray diffraction micro-tomography proved to be a successful technique for investigating the spatial distribution of the products in the paste during the hydration process, in a totally non-invasive mode and with enhanced phase selectivity compared to absorption tomography. Phase-selective maps, in the case of crystalline phases, can be extracted from single Bragg peaks or from the Rietveld-refined scale factor. However, even poorly crystalline and/or amorphous phases present in the cement paste, such as calcium silicate hydrates, can be successfully mapped by the use of selected portions of the measured powder data containing the relevant scattering of the phase. The reconstructed maps can be directly modeled by multifractal analysis and compared with computer-generated distributions. © Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH &Co. KG.

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