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Basu K.,Dynapower Company LLC | Mohan N.,University of Minnesota
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2014

This paper presents a single-stage bidirectional high-frequency transformer (HFT) link dc/ac converter topology for a three-phase adjustable magnitude and frequency PWM ac drive. This type of converters find a wide range of applications including UPS systems, drives involving renewable energy sources (Solar, Fuel cell), and energy storage systems (typically low voltage dc to high voltage PWM ac). The HFT results in reduction in cost and weight along with a considerable increase in power density. The adverse effects of common-mode voltage are well known in this kind of applications. The proposed topology along with a modulation technique reduces common-mode voltage to practically zero and generates high-quality output voltage waveform comparable to conventional space vector PWM (CSVPWM). A source-based commutation method, presented in this paper, to commute the energy stored in the leakage inductance of the HFT resulting in the following advantages 1) no need for any auxiliary circuits with passive components; 2) almost complete recovery of the leakage energy; 3) soft switching of the output side converter for all load conditions; and 4) minimization of common-mode voltage switching due to commutation. The converter along with the suggested control has been analyzed in detail. The presented simulation and experimental results confirm the operation of the proposed converter. © 2014 IEEE. Source

Basu K.,Dynapower Company LLC | Mohan N.,University of Minnesota
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2014

This paper presents a novel topology for the generation of adjustable frequency and magnitude pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) three-phase ac from a balanced three-phase ac source with a high-frequency ac link. The proposed single-stage power electronic transformer (PET) with bidirectional power flow capability may find application in compact isolated PWM ac drives. This topology along with the proposed control has the following advantages: 1) input power factor correction; 2) common-mode voltage suppression at the load end; 3) high-quality output voltage waveform (comparable with conventional space vector PWM); and 4) minimization of output voltage loss, common-mode voltage switching, and distortion of the load current waveform due to leakage inductance commutation. A source-based commutation of currents associated with energy in leakage inductance (termed as leakage energy) has been proposed. This results in soft-switching of the output-side converter and recovery of the leakage energy. The entire topology along with the proposed control scheme has been analyzed. The simulation and experimental results verify the analysis and advantages of the proposed PET. © 1982-2012 IEEE. Source

Somani A.,University of Minnesota | Somani A.,Dynapower Company LLC | Gupta R.K.,General Electric | Mohapatra K.K.,University of Minnesota | And 2 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2013

Electric drives with open-end winding ac machines offer certain advantages over drives with star-or delta-connected machines. Such drives have been recently considered for some applications such as electric vehicles. Circulating currents have been experimentally observed in such open-end winding ac drives. These currents have the effect of increasing conduction losses in the stator winding resistance of the ac machine. Two major causes for these currents have been identified as device voltage drops in power semiconductor devices and dead time used for shoot-through current protection. These effects are analyzed, and a mathematical description for predicting their severity is provided. Experimental results are presented that support the theory. The theory developed should be useful for devising solutions for this problem such as the design of common-mode filters. Two methods of suppressing the circulating currents are also outlined, and their experimental results are presented. © 1982-2012 IEEE. Source

Sahoo A.K.,University of Minnesota | Basu K.,Dynapower Company LLC | Mohan N.,University of Minnesota
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2015

A filter is required to eliminate the high-frequency switching ripple present in the input current of a matrix converter (MC). Design of such a filter requires an estimation of the higher harmonic components present in the input current. This paper presents a simple closed-form analytical expression for the RMS input current ripple injected by the MC. The expression shows the variation with load power factor and is independent of the output frequency. This is used in a step-by-step procedure to design various input filter components from the specifications of allowable total harmonic distortion in the grid current and distortion in the input voltage. The MC is modeled for the grid frequency component in order to evaluate the design for input power factor and voltage drop across the filter. A damping resistance has been designed ensuring minimum ohmic loss. The analytical estimation of the ripple current and the proposed design procedure have been validated by simulations in MATLAB/Simulink and experiments on a laboratory prototype. © 1982-2012 IEEE. Source

Basu K.,Dynapower Company LLC | Sahoo A.K.,University of Minnesota | Chandrasekaran V.,Trane Inc. | Mohan N.,University of Minnesota
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2014

This paper presents a systematic step-by-step design procedure for the input filter of a current source rectifier (CSR). The design is based on the specifications of allowable ripple in the input voltage of the CSR and high-frequency harmonic components in the grid current. Analytical techniques have been developed to estimate the ripple present in the input current and to model the converter for fundamental or grid frequency. The analysis is done for carrier-based and space-vector modulation of the current source rectifier and the model at grid frequency is used to evaluate the design of the filter for grid power factor, voltage drop across filter, etc. A damping resistance is designed ensuring a minimum power loss. The analysis and design of the input filter have been verified by simulations in MATLAB/Simulink and experimental tests on a laboratory prototype. © 2014 IEEE. Source

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