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Eindhoven, Netherlands

Franssen N.M.G.,University of Amsterdam | Franssen N.M.G.,Dutch Polymer Institute | Reek J.N.H.,University of Amsterdam | De Bruin B.,University of Amsterdam
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2013

Functional polyolefins (i.e., polyethene or polypropene bearing functional groups) are highly desired materials, due to their beneficial surface properties. Many different pathways exist for the synthesis of these materials, each with its own advantages and drawbacks. This review focuses on those synthetic pathways that build up a polymer chain from ethene/propene and functionalised polar vinyl monomers. Despite many recent advances in the various fields of olefin polymerisation, it still remains a challenge to synthesise high molecular-weight copolymers with tuneable amounts of functional groups, preferably with consecutive insertions of polar monomers occurring in a stereoselective way. To overcome some of these challenges, polymerisation of alternative functionalised monomers is explored as well. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Patent
Dutch Polymer Institute | Date: 2010-01-22

The invention relates to a multifunctional optical sensor, having at least 2 areas which independently react to different input parameters, the sensor comprising a substrate and a polymeric layer comprising polymerized liquid crystal monomers having an ordered morphology, wherein the color, the reflectivity or the birefringence of the sensor changes due to a change of the morphology, wherein said change of the morphology is caused by physical contact with a chemical agent such as a gas or liquid a change of temperature, or passage of time. The invention also relates to a process for the preparation of the sensor and for the use of a film comprising a single substrate, a layer having a cholesteric liquid crystalline structure for application in labels for packaging of perishable goods, food, fine chemicals, bio-medical materials.


Tauhardt L.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Kempe K.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Kempe K.,University of Melbourne | Gottschaldt M.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | And 2 more authors.
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2013

Poly(2-oxazoline)s (POxs) are a versatile class of biocompatible polymers, which have been investigated as poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) alternatives. In recent years, POxs have drawn significant attention as coatings for antifouling applications. In this tutorial review different approaches to immobilize POxs on surfaces as well as properties and applications of POx coated surfaces will be presented. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.3 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2014

Marine biofouling, the unwanted colonization of marine organisms on surfaces immersed in seawater has a huge economic and environmental impact in terms of maintenance requirements for marine structures, increased vessel fuel consumption, operating costs, greenhouse gas emissions and spread of non-indigenous species. The SEAFRONT project will aim to significantly advance the control of biofouling and reduce hydrodynamic drag by integrating multiple technology concepts such as surface structure, surface chemistry and bio-active/bio-based fouling control methodologies into one environmentally benign and drag-reducing solution for mobile and stationary maritime applications. In parallel, a combination of laboratory-based performance benchmarking and end-user field trials will be undertaken in order to develop an enhanced fundamental/mechanistic understanding of the coating-biofouling interaction, the impact of this on hydrodynamic drag and to inform technology development and down-selection of promising fouling control solutions. This project aims to facilitate a leap forward in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from marine transport and the conservation of the marine ecosystem by adopting a multidisciplinary and synergistic approach to fouling control.


Whittell G.R.,University of Bristol | Hager M.D.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Hager M.D.,Dutch Polymer Institute | Schubert U.S.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | And 2 more authors.
Nature Materials | Year: 2011

Synthetic polymers containing metal centres are emerging as an interesting and broad class of easily processable materials with properties and functions that complement those of state-of-the-art organic macromolecular materials. A diverse range of different metal centres can be harnessed to tune macromolecular properties, from transition- and main-group metals to lanthanides. Moreover, the linkages that bind the metal centres can vary almost continuously from strong, essentially covalent bonds that lead to irreversible or 'static' binding of the metal to weak and labile, non-covalent coordination interactions that allow for reversible, 'dynamic' or 'metallosupramolecular', binding. Here we review recent advances and challenges in the field and illustrate developments towards applications as emissive and photovoltaic materials; as optical limiters; in nanoelectronics, information storage, nanopatterning and sensing; as macromolecular catalysts and artificial enzymes; and as stimuli-responsive materials. We focus on materials in which the metal centres provide function; although they can also play a structural role, systems where this is solely their purpose have not been discussed. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

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