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Berlin, Germany

The East Mediterranean species of Orthomus Chaudoir, 1838 are revised. The type series of Feronia longula Reiche & Saulcy, 1855, F. berytensis Reiche & Saulcy, 1855, F. proelonga Reiche & Saulcy, 1855, Orthomus longior Chaudoir, 1873, O. sidonicus Chaudoir, 1873, and O. berytensis akbensis Mateu, 1955 were studied and lectotypes for the first four are designated. Also, the following nomenclatural acts are proposed: Feronia proelonga Reiche & Saulcy, 1855, syn. n. of Orthomus berytensis (Reiche & Saulcy, 1855); Feronia elongata Chaudoir, 1859, syn. n. of Orthomus berytensis (Reiche & Saulcy, 1855); Orthomus sidonicus Chaudoir, 1873, syn. n. of Orthomus longior Chaudoir, 1873; Orthomus velocissimus andalusiacus Mateu, 1957, syn. n. of Orthomus velocissimus akbensis Mateu, 1955, new assignment for Orthomus berytensis akbensis Mateu, 1955. As a result, three species of the genus inhabit the East Mediterranean biogeographical region: O. berytensis, O. longior, and O. longulus. A key to these three species is given. O. longior is recorded for Turkey and Syria for the first time. In addition, a new synonymy of two West Mediterranean taxa is proposed: O. szekessyi (Jedlička, 1956), syn. n. of O. balearicus (Piochard de la Brûlerie, 1868), and a new genus and a species are described: Parorthomus gen. n. socotranus sp. n. (type locality: Republic of Yemen, Socotra Archipelago, Socotra Island, Fimihin env., 530 m.a.s.l.). Illustrations of the species dealt with here are provided including external characters, habitus, mentum and submentum, and genitalia are provided. Nine genera of the "African Series" of subtribe Euchroina Chaudoir, 1874 are keyed for the first time. Checklists of the species of Orthomus and of the Old World euchroine genera are given. © Borislav Guéorguiev et al. Source

Assmann T.,Luneburg University | Austin K.,Cwmbychan | Boutaud E.,Luneburg University | Buse J.,University of Koblenz-Landau | And 10 more authors.

Based on the study of approximately 400 specimens, we give an overview of the systematics and taxonomy, distribution, dispersal power, and habitat preferences of the carabids belonging to the tribes Anthiini, Helluonini, Dryptini, and Zuphiini in the southern Levant (Egypt: Sinai, Israel and Jordan). We provide identification keys for the members of the given taxa in this region. Eleven species of the Zuphi-itae sensu Ober & Maddison (2008) have previously been published from the southern Levant. Our study with rigorous examinations of verifiable records up-dated the known distribution ranges of six species, though the total number of species which occur in the given region remains eleven. - The following two new species are described: Zuphium orbachi spec. nov., which is similar to Zuphium nu­ midicum Lucas, 1846, but differs in its elongate body shape, specific form of aedea-gus and further characters. Parazuphium salmoni spec. nov., a microphthalmic spe-cies from the superficial underground compartment or in deep soil horizons in the Upper Galilee, has robust antennae and legs, but has an aedeagus similar to that of P. chevrolatii Castelnau de Laporte, 1833. -We compiled a list of the 24 known subterranean Zuphiini species (including Parazuphium salmoni spec. nov.), all are restricted to the subtropical and tropical zones. - The following taxonomic acts are proposed: Anthia (Thermophilum) sexmaculata marginata Latreille, 1823, stat. rest.; Zuphium axaridis Iablokoff-Khnzorian, 1972, syn. nov. of Zuphium cilicium Peyron, 1858; Zuphium olens kochi Schatzmayr, 1936, syn. nov. of Zuphium olens (P. Rossi, 1790) (colour variation). - We present first records of: Macrocheilus saulcyi Chevro-lat, 1854 for Jordan; Zuphium olens (P. Rossi, 1790) for Jordan; Zuphium cilicium Peyron, 1858 for Iran; Zuphium fuscum Gory, 1931 for Yemen; Parazuphium chevrolatii (Castelnau de Laporte, 1833) for Greece; Parazuphium damascenum (Fairmaire, 1897) for Cyprus, Greece and Syria; Polistichus fasciolatus (P. Rossi, 1790) for Israel. © 2015, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source

Assmann T.,Luneburg University | Boutaud E.,Luneburg University | Buse J.,University of Koblenz-Landau | Chikatunov V.,Tel Aviv University | And 8 more authors.

The members of the carabid beetle tribe Cyclosomini s.l. in Israel and adjacent regions (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt) are studied in terms of taxonomy, ecology (including the traits power of dispersal, especially hind wing development, and phenology), and distribution patterns. Material from museum collections and the authors’ field trips is analysed. The delineation of the tribe Cyclosomini s.l. is discussed and the genus Graphipterus Latreille, 1802 is excluded, but the corsyrine ground beetles are included. An illustrated key is presented for the identification of the species known from the Levantine countries (twelve species from the genera Anaulacus W. S. MacLeay, 1825, Somoplatus Dejean, 1829, Discoptera Seme­nov, 1889, Tetragonoderus Dejean, 1829, Atlantomasoreus Mateu, 1984 and Masoreus Dejean, 1821; seven species from Israel). A new species from the northern Negev is described: Atlantomasoreus groneri spec. nov. This species can be differentiated from the two African species of this genus by short antennae, a well-developed gonosubcoxite which is also found in the genus Masoreus, the shape of the pronotum and characters of the aedeagus, especially the large copulatory pieces and the shape of the median lobe. Due to the characters of A. groneri spec. nov. we assume that the genera Masoreus and Atlantomasoreus form a monophyletic lineage. The genus Atlantomasoreus shows a disjunct distribution range and is an element of the periSaharian zone. Israel has a national responsibility for the conservation of the new species A. groneri spec. nov. which lives in shifting sand dunes, an increasingly endangered habitat. © 2015, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source

Assmann T.,Luneburg University | Buse J.,University of Koblenz-Landau | Chikatunov V.,Tel Aviv University | Drees C.,Tel Aviv University | And 7 more authors.

Based on the study of approximately 700 specimens, we give an overview of the systematics and taxonomy, distribution, dispersal power, and habitat preference of the ground beetles belonging to the tribe Trechini in Israel. We provide an identification key to all Trechini species in Israel (and the adjacent regions in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt), supported by photographs of species with verifiable records. Trechus dayanae spec. nov., a member of the Trechus austriacus group, is described from the Golan Heights and Mount Hermon. The new species is similar to Trechus pamphylicus but can be distinguished by its colour, microsculpture, length of antennae, shape of pronotum, and characteristics of the aedeagus. Type material of Trechus labruleriei and Trechus libanenis was studied and photographed. The species rank of T. labruleriei (stat. nov.) is re-established. At least five species of Trechini occur in Israel (Perileptus stierlini, Trechus crucifer, T. quadristriatus, T. dayanae spec. nov., and T. saulcyanus); for three further species (Perileptus areolatus, Trechoblemus micros, Trechus labruleriei) we are not aware of any verifiable records, but past, or current, occurrence of the species is possible; the published record of Trechus libanensis from Israel was, beyond a doubt, a misidentification. Source

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