Located in the centre of Dublin, Ireland's capital city, Dublin Institute of Technology is one of the largest higher education institutions in Ireland. It has been ranked in top 100 universities globally under 50 years old. Though instated in its present form in 1992, the institution can trace an unbroken history back to the establishment in 1887 of the first technical education institution in Ireland. It is recognised particularly for degree and postgraduate programmes in Architecture, Engineering, Science, Marketing, Hospitality, Music, Optometry, Pharmaceuticals, Construction, Digital Media and Journalism. Alumni of the Dublin Institute of Technology include many of Ireland's leading writers, artists and politicians. Wikipedia.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SEAC-2-2014 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015
The Enhancing Responsible Research and Innovation through Curricula in Higher Education (EnRRICH) project will build the capacity of staff in higher education to facilitate their students development of knowledge, skills and attitudes and competencies in responsible research and innovation, and respond to the research needs of society, particularly underserved civil society organisations (CSOs). It will do this by identifying, developing, testing, and disseminating resources, based on existing good practice and trials of new initiatives, to embed the five RRI keys in academic curricula across Europe, with specific reference to science and engineering. It will develop case studies which showcase examples for students, teachers, professional trainers and academic staff of HEIs. Through ongoing dialogue with academics, policymakers, and CSOs, EnRRICH will kick start debates at institutional, national and international levels to create awareness of, and enhance the policy context for, RRI in curricula and thereby produce more responsible and responsive graduates and researchers. These objectives will be achieved building on the Public Engagement with Research and Research Engagement with Society (PERARES) and RRI Tools projects. It will involve new partners as well as a core of established partners drawn from HEIs and CSOs, including from RRI tools. It will establish an advisory board drawn from relevant organisations to ensure the widest possible engagement and dissemination. Work packages will deal with project management, state of the art of good practices in introducing RRI into curriculum development, exchange and trialling of good practices at national, international and transdisciplinary levels, policy development, evaluation, dissemination and a conference. Deliverables will include case studies and policy papers, and materials and resources for academic staff to involve students in experiential learning about RRI, including projects in partnership with CSOs
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.51M | Year: 2014
An active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is the substance in a pharmaceutical drug that has the pharmacological activity. The crystallisation process is a critical step in the API manufacturing process and for delivering product in its final form, with some 70 % of products going through a crystallization step at some point in their manufacture. The size and shape of the crystals are important to the quality and safety of the product, and variation during crystal growth can have a significant effect on final product behaviour such as blend homogeneity, drug absorption rates, product robustness, etc. Controlling the final shape and size of crystal is a major challenge to manufacturers, particularly as it is often difficult to measure on line and the crystallisation process is often nonlinear in behaviour. Moreover, API molecules are becoming increasingly complex, tending to reduce aqueous solubility, in turn reducing bioavailability and often leading to difficulties in crystallisation. The ability to understand the crystallisation process would be a breakthrough for API manufacturers and would allow for control of the crystal phase, in terms of purity, particle size and shape, for high quality, safe products. Moreover, the crystal structure during crystal growth is a direct indicator of process end point and if more closely tracked could lead to leaner process development and process monitoring. Moreover, an understanding of crystallisation is fundamental for reducing the incidences of failure in the development of new molecular entities. A group of industrial SMEs have come together to outsource the development of a revolutionary imaging-based physical characterisation device that will provide the API industry with real-time information of all crystal physical characteristics in-line in a crystallisation process, thereby allowing this critical of processes for the behaviour of the end-product to be controlled
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-04-2014 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2015
MENS is a project conceived in order to provide an enhance the NZEB skills of building managers such as engineers and architect through a series of accredited training activities developed by 9 universities and 3 market players. MENS aims: - To increase the knowledre and skills of at least 1800 building managers (engineers, architects) in NZEB design and construction, out of which 50% would be women or unemployed. - To create and implement a new education and training program for such professionals in 10 countries, under the European Qualifications Framework provisions and based on desired and common learning outcomes of Level 7. - To create and implement an innovative, interdisciplinary education and training program with an integrated approach, focusing on real case studies - To accredit courses using the formal procedure in each country and assign ECTS credits. - To enhance and support the development of a professional network in Europe specifically focused on retrofitting of housing stocks towards NZEB. A connection with over 250,000 stakeholders and market players. - To provide working opportunities to unemployed professionals, by bringing them closer to possible employers and improving their qualifications, at a percentage of 30% of those attending. - To continue the education and training courses for at least 5 years after the end of the project based on concrete sustainability plans agreed by University partners. - To result in energy savings and/or increased use of renewables of at least 28,96 GWh/year. MENS is developed through 3 sets of training activities: national accreditation professional courses; e- learning and webinars: and case studies experiences around Europe and it involves involves major universities and stakeholders either directly or as Associated Partners engaged with LOS. MENS finally benefits from a strong media promotional activity through a wide network of local TVs and RTBF.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.37M | Year: 2013
Powdered Infant Formula (PIF) is a milk-like food intended to supplement or replace the milk of the babys mother. The quality, nutritional profile and safety of PIF are intrinsic for the health and wellbeing of the babies and infants that depend on it for their survival and growth. Since most infant formulae are required to be instant, the preferred drying approach is typically designed to allow for product agglomeration during drying. The agglomeration improves the reconstitution properties. It is important that the degree of agglomeration and its compactness can be controlled. The identified key physical parameters governing the agglomeration process include granule size/shape and the key chemical parameters include moisture content. Properties of individual agglomerates determine bulk powder properties such as powder flowability, bulk density and solubility. These are important product quality characteristics since, for example, the product is measured out on a volume basis (in scoops) whereas nutritional requirements are provided on a mass basis. Thus any changes in particle properties post drying, during conveying and packaging will have implications. For dry blending, the ingredient distribution within granules and between granules has a critical effect on content uniformity, nutrient absorption rates and ultimately infant safety. The development of a hybrid technology that is capable of assessing the physical and nutritional characteristics of PIF in real time would significantly advance process control leading to greater product quality, process validation, and ultimately infant safety. In response the PURE-FORMULA project will develop a novel Process Analytic Technology capable of providing spatial measurements of moisture and ingredient identity from the forming PIF agglomerates. The R&D effort will centre on prototype engineering design, software/algorithm design, user interface design, integration and validation within PIF manufacturing equipment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.51M | Year: 2013
Meat and poultry products are vehicles for millions of cases of foodborne illness globally each year. Controlling pathogens such as campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, and Yersinia enterocolitica, is a primary goal for industry. Additionally, processors are constantly striving to lengthen product shelf life. However, consumer aversion to traditional chemical preservatives has left processors with less flexibility in choosing preservation methods. This has opened up a technological gap where process innovation is required and a major business opportunity presents itself for the development of a non-thermal, novel food preservation system to control foodborne pathogens associated with meat and poultry. This project will develop a continuous in-package decontamination and shelf-life extension system for meat based on Non-thermal plasma (NTP), offering antimicrobial efficacy without the use of chemical sanitizers and which is non-invasive, leaves zero residues and does not adversely affect product quality. Preliminary studies with NPT on meat products, point to rapid inactivation of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms associated with meat, resulting in significant extensions of shelf-life (an additional 5 days). A laboratory test-rig system will be optimised for its antimicrobial efficacy for in-package decontamination of both red and white meats. Shelf life extension, along with organoleptic and nutritional properties of treated meat will be evaluated. The results will then be scaled up to pre-commercial level and validated in the industry paving the way forward for rapid post-project industrialisation. A critical advantage of this world-first technology for the meat industry is the In-package treatment, which is desired by the food industry as this approach mitigates against recontamination and provides increased shelf-life.
Dublin Institute of Technology and Keele University | Date: 2016-03-16
A hybrid compound is provided that is formed by reaction between (a) an imidazolium-based ionic liquid functionalised with an alkyne group and (b) a polymer backbone comprising a plurality of azide functional groups, via an azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction. The hybrid compound comprises a synthetic polymer backbone comprising at least one functional group X of general formula (I):R_(1) to R_(4) are each, independently, any chemical group, selected from H, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted, branched or unbranched alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, acyl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, heteroarylalkyl, aryloxy, alkyloxy, arylalkyloxy, aromatic polycycles, non-aromatic polycycles, mixed aryl and non-aryl polycycles, polyheteroaryl, non-aromatic polyheterocycles, mixed aryl and non-aryl polyheterocycles, and a pyridine group; L is a linker; and B^() is an anion. An ion selective electrode (ISE) sensor of the type comprising an ion selective electrode and a reference electrode is also provided, wherein the ion selective electrode comprises a coating comprising a hybrid compound of the invention.
Kearney J.,Dublin Institute of Technology
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2010
A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections to 2050, both globally and for different regions of the world, along with the drivers largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review. Throughout the world, major shifts in dietary patterns are occurring, even in the consumption of basic staples towards more diversified diets. Accompanying these changes in food consumption at a global and regional level have been considerable health consequences. Populations in those countries undergoing rapid transition are experiencing nutritional transition. The diverse nature of this transition may be the result of differences in socio-demographic factors and other consumer characteristics. Among other factors including urbanization and food industry marketing, the policies of trade liberalization over the past two decades have implications for health by virtue of being a factor in facilitating the 'nutrition transition' that is associated with rising rates of obesity and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Future food policies must consider both agricultural and health sectors, thereby enabling the development of coherent and sustainable policies that will ultimately benefit agriculture, human health and the environment. © 2010 The Royal Society.
Dublin Institute of Technology | Date: 2016-04-20
The present application provides a system for analyzing a PAP smear sample or a biopsy sample on a slide. The system suitably comprises a controller, a stage for receiving the slide, a microscope for viewing the slide and a Raman spectroscopy device. The Raman spectroscopy device shares the central optical axis of the microscope. The controller is adapted to cause the stage to move an identified area of interest on the slide to be in line with the central optical axis and to cause a spectrum to be obtained by the Raman spectroscopy device for the area of interest. An analysis module is then used to determine whether the spectrum falls within one or more predefined classes of cell. The application also describes a method which consolidates the sample in a centrifuge to pellet form. The pellet is then analysed using Raman spectroscopy, without the requirement for microscopic analysis and extendable to a fibre optic probe modality.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IIF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IIF | Award Amount: 254.64K | Year: 2014
The EU faces an alarming deficit of engineersin 2011 Germany fell 76,400 engineers short. To address this and diversify perspectives, the EU must attract and retain more women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Findings of research I conducted as a Fulbright to Ireland in Engineering Education indicate Project-Based Learning (PBL) increases student engagement and many help address reasons women avoid STEM subjects. Today, there is a gap in understanding why women chose engineering and how they experience PBL. Phenomenology provides an ideal framework for studying this. Two exploratory studies conducted during my Fulbright provide a foundation: 1) Designing the Identities of Engineers and 2) Using Learning Groups to Transform Engineering Education: A Phenomenological Study of Educators Experiences of Change. I propose to extend this work with a Phenomenological Study of How Women Experience Engineering Education: Understanding How PBL Influences Their Decisions to Join or Leave Engineering. Participants will be women in Ireland, Portugal, and Poland from four segments of the engineering pipeline (high school, college, early career, and late career/CEOs), including those who have experienced PBL and others who have not. I will investigate effects of PBL tools DIT and I designed (RoboSumo for college students and RoboSlam: Robot-Building Workshops for teens and facilitators/engineers). We will transfer knowledge with: 1) RoboSlam and 2) development of a new Masters program to infuse cutting-edge research and pedagogy into engineering curricula worldwide. Both will be tested in 3 EU countries. This project addresses leaks in Europes STEM pipeline that lead to shortfalland lack of diversityamong European engineers. It will produce publications on gender and PBL, tailor phenomenology for use in engineering education research, infuse innovations and research into engineering education, and apply PBL to attract/retain diverse engineers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2014-EF | Award Amount: 175.87K | Year: 2016
The Experienced Researcher (ER), Dr Shiyamala Duraipandian, who is at the centre of this application, will, through this MSCA Fellowship, enhance her research and innovation potential through advanced training, international and inter-sectoral mobility. The ER will develop methods for detecting high risk HPV infection and dysplasia using Raman spectroscopy in cervical cells collected during routine Pap smear screening. Her skills in instrument and software development and patient testing will complement the expertise of the host laboratory. During the project measurable knowledge transfer towards the ER will be facilitated through DITs Postdoctoral Training Programme, RESC induction and specialist skills transfer, strengthened academic and industry network contacts, via existing networks and industry events, and preparation of a dedicated career development plan.