PubMed | Dskap Yldrm Beyazt Research and Educational Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.) | Year: 2011
Aortic valve stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease in the Western world. The most common cause of aortic valve stenosis in adults is calcification of a normal trileaflet or congenital bicuspid valve. Calcific aortic valve stenosis is an active disease process characterized by mechanical stress, endothelial damage, lipid accumulation, inflammation, synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins, and calcification, reminiscent of atherosclerosis in many aspects. Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase which reduces the bioavailability of nitric oxide and begets endothelial dysfunction. The goal of this study was to examine the association between ADMA activity and severity of aortic valve stenosis.One hundred and nine patients were included in this study. Patients were grouped as those with mild aortic stenosis (42 patients, group 1), moderate aortic stenosis (36 patients, group 2), and severe aortic stenosis (31 patients, group 3). ADMA activity was measured by ELISA kit.Mean ADMA activity in group 3 was significantly higher than that in groups 1 and 2 (1.94 0.45 vs. 0.87 0.37 micromol/l, P < 0.001 and 1.94 0.45 vs. 1.34 0.52 micromol/l, P < 0.001, respectively). Serum ADMA activity was positively correlated with mean aortic gradient and maximum aortic gradient and negatively correlated with aortic valve area.Our results showed that serum ADMA activity is higher in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. ADMA activity is positively correlated with aortic valve stenosis severity. Serum ADMA level may be used as a precious marker to evaluate and follow up the severity of aortic valve stenosis.