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Springfield, MO, United States

Drury University is a private liberal arts college in Springfield, Missouri. The university enrolls about 1,600 undergraduates, 450 graduate students in six master's programs, and 3,160 students in the College of Continuing Professional Studies.Established in 1873, Drury is consistently ranked among the best liberal arts universities in the American Midwest. In 2013, the Drury Panthers Men's Basketball team won the NCAA Division II Championships. Wikipedia.

This study gathered information on (a) perceptions of internship directors on the preparation of music therapy interns' functional music skills, (b) perceived importance of functional music skills, and (c) perceived similarities or differences in functional piano skill preparation and their importance since these skills were last evaluated in 1986. Results indicated a significant correlation between perceived importance and mastery of voice, guitar, and keyboard, and a significant difference in the mastery level of these skills. Voice was the only skill area that interns were judged as meeting expected competency levels for internship. Piano skills were judged to be significantly less important than the "very desirable" rating found by Cassity (1987). No significant increase was found in mastery level of these piano skills. Greater emphasis on the teaching of functional music skills is recommended, as well as the development of a standardized proficiency examination.© 2013,by the American Music Therapy Association.

Boyce W.S.,Drury University
Journal of Transport and Health | Year: 2016

Numerous external costs of logistics exist that can have an indirect impact on business or society. This paper outlines the external cost of truck driver health and how it may have a negative impact on supply chains. As key contributors to logistics and transportation, truck drivers have a substantial impact on the global economy. However, the high demands of their jobs can often lead them to overlook their health and well-being, which can negatively impact drivers, their firms, and supply chains. This is a critical issue that has largely been overlooked in the logistics and transportation literature. The purpose of this paper is to identify the issue and some of its key components in order to induce awareness in the logistics community. It also seeks to motivate future research that may help to alleviate the problems that may arise as a result of unhealthy truck drivers. With a shortage of drivers and a looming capacity crisis already being experienced in many key global economic areas, it is imperative that the drivers that are currently available are able to serve to the best of their abilities. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

White Z.M.,Queens University of Charlotte | Gilstrap C.M.,Drury University
Omega (United States) | Year: 2016

This study examined the metaphors used by home hospice nurses when describing their experiences working with dying patients. In-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted with 24 home hospice nurses from a midsize for-profit hospice organization that provides services to approximately 230 patients each year. The interviews revealed four main metaphors emphasizing how home hospice nurses conceive and communicate their experiences working with patients: A calling, hallowed ground, going with the flow, and life lessons. These metaphors highlight how home hospice nurses transcend organizational role descriptions, feel empowered to make a difference, appreciate the inevitable unpredictability of their work, and draw upon patient interactions for self-reflection. The findings reveal a consistent emphasis on the positive and rewarding aspects of hospice work and prescriptions about how nurses should perform their role. Metaphors identified in this study could be used to recruit prospective home hospice nurses and strengthen training or education programs. © The Author(s) 2016 Reprints and permissions.

Leinaweaver J.,Drury University | Thomson R.,University of Strathclyde
Environmental Politics | Year: 2016

Why do some governments have more environmentally friendly policies than others? Part of the answer involves governing parties’ ideological positions on environmentalism and the constraints imposed by executive institutions. Here, this party-based explanation is elaborated and tested with uniquely comparable indicators of national environmental policies for governments in 27 countries in the European Union (EU). The findings show that governments with parties that emphasized environmental protection in their manifestos are more likely to propose pro-environment policies during EU-level negotiations. However, the effect of ideology is mediated by the centralization of the national executive branch. In centralized national executives, the environmental positions of prime ministers’ parties affect policies, while in decentralized national executives, the positions of environment ministers’ parties are relevant. The findings have implications for understanding the impact of parties’ environmental positions on government policies, as well as for policy making in coalitions more generally. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

Drahl M.A.,Rutgers University | Manpadi M.,Drury University | Williams L.J.,Rutgers University
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2013

It has been 60 years since Eschenmoser and Frey disclosed the archetypal C-C fragmentation reaction. New fragmentations and several variants of the original quickly followed. Many of these variations, which include the Beckmann, Grob, Wharton, Marshall, and Eschenmoser-Tanabe fragmentations, have been reviewed over the intervening years. A close examination of the origins of fragmentation has not been described. Recently, useful new methods have flourished, particularly fragmentations that give alkynes and allenes, and such reactions have been applied to a range of complex motifs and natural products. This Review traces the origins of fragmentation reactions and provides a summary of the methods, applications, and new insights of heterolytic C-C fragmentation reactions advanced over the last 20 years. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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