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PubMed | Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Pacific Medical College and Hospital, Drdy Patil Dental College And Hospital, Modern Dental College and Research Center and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Military Medical Research | Year: 2016

There is overwhelming evidence that periodontal disease and dental caries affect the majority of populations and that western culture and lifestyle may have a profound influence on oral health, especially in adults. The present study was performed to determine the effect of westernization on the oral health of college students of Udaipur City, Rajasthan.A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among students attending various professional and non-professional bachelors degree colleges of Udaipur City, Rajasthan, India, from March 2013 to May 2013. Eight hundred students were selected based on a two-stage random sampling procedure. Westernization was assessed by a self-administered structured questionnaire. Periodontal status, dental caries status and malocclusion were assessed according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria (1997). Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square and Multivariate logistic regression. The confidence level and level of significance were set at 95 and 5%, respectively.The present study suggested that adverse habits, listening to English music and preferring English food had a significant association with dental caries and periodontal diseases. Malocclusion also showed a significant relationship with consuming English food for snacks and desserts. Multivariate analysis revealed a significantly greater odds ratio (Based on the results of the present study, there is an association between westernization and oral health.

Deshpande R.R.,Drdy Patil Dental College And Hospital | Deshpande R.R.,Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital | Patil V.,Drdy Patil Dental College And Hospital | Patil G.,Pune | And 5 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

Dental caries is the most prevalent disease of hard tissues in oral cavity in humans. Salivary microflora plays a major role in the caries process. Vigorous use of various preventive and therapeutic measures to control caries led to development of multidrug resistant strains to the synthetic antimicrobial agents and increased demand for new effective and efficient alternatives with minimal side effects. Since centuries plants and their extracts have been analyzed and reported to have significant therapeutic properties. The antimicrobial efficacy of many plants is yet to be verified. In this study, the methanol and ethanol extract of Ehretia laevis and derived Compound 5 of crude ethanol extract are evaluated and compared for antimicrobial activity against salivary microflora. The salivary samples were collected from children of 6-12 years of age with moderate caries. Antibacterial assay was carried out using paper disc diffusion method in lab. The results are compared with Chlorhexidine as standard. The results depict that all the extracts have marked activity against the tested microorganisms with the Compound 5 showing larger zones of inhibition. Thus, this in vitro study supports its application as a preventive remedy for microbial diseases of hard & soft tissues in the oral cavity.

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