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de Souza R.L.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | de Macedo E.M.S.,DRA Technology | de Brito E.S.,DRA Technology | Correia R.T.P.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

The Brazilian caatinga is characterized as one of the most populated and biologically diverse semi-arid regions in the world. Two exotic fruits collected in this unique bioma, the prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) and facheiro (Philosocereus pachycladus Ritter), were investigated in regard to their physicochemical, bioactive and functional characteristics. Four different extracts were prepared and investigated: water (W), ethanol/water 70:100 (E70), ethanol/water 80:100 (E80), and ethanol only (E100). The betalain compounds were investigated using the LC-DAD-ESI-MS technique. The prickly pear fruits are sweeter and less acidic when compared to facheiro fruits, but they also have lower total solids, ash and protein. The total phenolic content (TPC) of water and ethanolic extracts ranged from 8.89 to 12.34 mg GAE/100 g and 82.23 to 107.67 mg GAE/100 g for Opuntia and facheiro fruits, respectively. The identification of betanin and isobetanin derivatives, as well as the TPC, antioxidant and antienzymatic activities of facheiro fruits were reported for the first time. All extracts presented some degree of alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase inhibition, with the exception of the facheiro water extracts. © 2015 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India)


Rufino M.d.S.M.,Rural University | Alves R.E.,DRA Technology | de Brito E.S.,DRA Technology | Perez-Jimenez J.,Institute for Food Science and Technology and Nutrition ICTAN CSIC | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacities of polyphenolic extracts of 18 fresh and dry native non-traditional fruits from Brazil were determined using ABTS, DDPH, FRAP and β-carotene bleaching methods. The study provides an adaptation of these methods, along with an evaluation of the compounds related to antioxidant potential. The results show promising perspectives for the exploitation of non-traditional tropical fruit species with considerable levels of nutrients and antioxidant capacity. Although evaluation methods and results reported have not yet been sufficiently standardised, making comparisons difficult, our data add valuable information to current knowledge of the nutritional properties of tropical fruits, such as the considerable antioxidant capacity found for acerola - Malpighia emarginata and camu-camu - Myrciaria dubia (ABTS, DPPH and FRAP) and for puçá-preto - Mouriri pusa (all methods). © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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