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Patil S.S.,Seth Gs Medical College And Kem Hospital | Wasnik R.N.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2012

The estimation of foetal age plays an important role in the medicolegal investigation of such offences as criminal abortion and foeticide. The present study was conducted in the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur from November 2007 to October 2009 on a total number of 100 foetuses. Complete body radiographs with the foetus lying in supine position and extremities extended were taken in all cases. The same foetus was dissected for inspection of ossification centres. In the study, the mean gestational age of appearance of ossification centres for calcaneum was 24 weeks, talus - 26 weeks, cuboid - 38 weeks, lower end of Femur - 34 weeks, upper end of Tibia - 34 weeks. Our study showed that the gestational age of a foetus can be estimated with a reasonable degree of accuracy from the appearance of various centres of ossification. Source

Narayan D.D.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital | Dhondibarao G.R.,Dr S C Government Medical College | Ghanshyam K.C.,ESIS Dispensary No.1
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Background: Tobacco consumption is one of the major preventable causes of tobacco related cancer. In India, tobacco related cancer accounts for half the total cancer cases among males and 20% of the cancer cases among women. The prevalence of tobacco consumption among the tribal youths is high. Aim: To know the prevalence and the pattern of tobacco consumption among the adolescents of tribal areas. Settings: Five tribal villages under the Primary Health Centre, Waradh, in the District Yavatmal, Maharashtra State, India. Design: A community based cross sectional study. Methods and Material: The study consisted of 502 adolescents of both the sexes. The data was collected on a predesigned proforma during the period from October 2009 to September 2010. After obtaining the consent of the subjects, the information which was related to their socio-demographic characteristics and tobacco consumption was collected. The statistical analysis was done by using the Chi square test and percentage. Results: Overall, the prevalence of tobacco consumption among the adolescents of the tribal areas was 45.42%. 65.31% male and 26.46% female adolescents were habituated to it. All female, and majority of the male adolescents predominantly consumed a smokeless form of tobacco. Most of them (89%) started chewing tobacco/gutkha between 5-15 years of age. The females had started consuming tobacco at younger ages than the males. Social customs were the major influencing factor for the tobacco consumption, followed by peer pressure. The consumption of tobacco among the family members significantly (p<0.001) increased the tobacco use among the adolescents. Conclusion: The prevalence of tobacco consumption was high in the tribal adolescents. Social customs, peer pressure and the consumption of tobacco by the family members were the major contributing factors which emphasized the need of strengthening the information, education and communication (IEC) activities. Source

Pakhale S.V.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital | Dakhane P.S.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital
Journal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University | Year: 2015

Two most common anterior abdominal wall defects are gastroschisis and omphalocoele or exomphalos. Gastroschisis means ‘stomach cleft’ which is a congenital defect of the abdominal wall, usually to the right of the umbilical cord insertion and abdominal contents herniate into the amniotic sac. Exomphalos is literally translated from the Greek, means ‘outside the navel’. It is also called an Omphalocele. It is a congenital abnormality in which the contents of the abdomen herniate into the umbilical cord through the umbilical ring. Textbooks grouped them together but these are different entities. These congenital malformations have a high mortality rate. Only about 60 % of children with such type of malformations survive until the end of first year of age. A male foetus of 32 weeks gestational age was sent from Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon (Khurd) to the Department of Anatomy to examine the fetus for congenital anomalies. A case report of an Omphalocele was presented. Occurrence of such cases is very rare about 2.17 per 10000 live births as reported in literature. © 2015 Journal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University. Source

Pukar M.M.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital | Pukar S.M.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports | Year: 2013

INTRODUCTION: Primary hydatid disease of the spleen is very rare and even rarer to cause (any complication ... pancreatitis.). Usually, splenic hydatid cysts are secondary, either resulting from spontaneous spread of cysts or occurring after operations involving hydatidosis in other regions. Here, we report a case of a primary isolated splenic hydatid cyst treated with a classical surgical approach. This case report and literature review describes the management of hydatid splenic invasion. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 28-year-old female who presented with left hypochondriac non tender swelling/(mass). Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) revealed a cyst located in the spleen. The diagnosis was confirmed by a serological test. Surgical treatment involved a radical en bloc splenic resection (together with resection of the diaphragm and subcutaneous tissue.) The postoperative course was uneventful with three weeks of albendazole treatment. CT follow-up at six months demonstrated the absence of recurrence. Histopathologic examination revealed a hydatid cyst. DISCUSSION: Complete aggressive surgical en bloc resection resection is the gold standard treatment of patients with hydatid cysts with the aim to remove all parasitic and pericystic tissues. CONCLUSION: The infrequency with which it is encountered makes splenic hydatid disease a formidable early diagnostic challenge especially in nonendemic areas. Hydatid disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cystic masses in the spleen/(abdomen), especially in the geographical regions where the disease is endemic. © 2013 Surgical Associates Ltd. Source

Pakhale S.V.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital | Borole B.S.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital | Doshi M.A.,Krishna University | More V.P.,Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Introduction: Bronchial Asthma is one of the most extensively studied respiratory diseases and its genetic basis is well established. Dermatoglyphic traits are formed under genetic control early in development but may be affected by environmental factors during first trimester of pregnancy. These patterns may represent the genetic makeup of an individual and therefore his/her predisposition to certain diseases. Patterns of dermatoglyphics have been studied in various congenital disorders like Down's syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome and also in chronic diseases like Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus etc. Epidermal ridge patterns of finger tips in bronchial asthma patients were studied to find out fingertip pattern as Dermatoglyphic features in patients of Bronchial Asthma; it's comparison and association if exists between normal and bronchial asthma patients and also to find use of fingertip pattern in early childhood as non-invasive anatomical marker for bronchial asthma in adulthood. Methods: The study was conducted on clinically diagnosed all bronchial asthma patients attending OPD of Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon. Matched controls were selected without any respiratory problem or any symptoms related to asthma from medical students, staff members and paramedical staff of hospital after taking the informed consent and permission from the institutional ethical committee. Data collection and fingertip prints were taken by ink and rolling finger method. Prints taken were analysed and tabulated; data was analysed by using statistical tests. Results: Study shows that decrease in number of arches, increase in AFRC in patients as compared with controls. Also there were increased ulnar loops in male patients and increased Whorls and radial loops in female patients. Conclusion: The fingerprints can represent a non-invasive anatomical marker of bronchial asthma risk and facilitate early detection and effective management which is vital for selecting appropriate agents for treating infections. Source

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