Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center

Bangalore, India

Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center

Bangalore, India
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PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center and Oxford Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2015

The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past decades. Age, genetic factors, activity level, body weight, eating habits, medications, and hereditary factors are some of the causes of obesity. It is a risk factor for several chronic health conditions, as well as being associated with increased mortality. Obesity has also been associated with oral diseases, particularly with periodontal disease.The objective was to assess the periodontal status of obese and nonobese young individuals in colleges of Bangalore city.A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess the periodontal status of 16-34-year-old obese individuals in colleges of Bangalore City. The students and staff of preuniversity and Degree Colleges of Bangalore City aged below 35 years were considered in the study. Data regarding demographic factors, oral hygiene habits, and dental visits were collected through a questionnaire. Periodontal status was examined using community periodontal index (CPI). Subjects were examined for weight and height as well as periodontal status.It was observed that pocket 4-5 mm (CPI Code 3) is significantly higher among obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001 and loss of attachment 4-5 mm (Loss of Attachment Code 1) is significantly higher in obese when compared to nonobese with P < 0.001.The results described earlier and related research indicate that obesity may have potential for periodontal disease among young and/or those lacking oral health care.


Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Manohar V.,Malabar Dental College and Research Center | Jose M.,Mangalore University | Fairozekhan Thapasum A.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the copper levels in saliva of patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and different areca nut products and its correlation with different histological grades of OSF. Methods: The study comprised 60 individuals, 30 OSF patients and 30 non-OSF individuals. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected, and copper analysis was performed using colorimetric method. The commercial areca nut products used by the patients were acquired and subjected to copper analysis through the atomic absorption spectrophotometer method. Oral biopsies were performed for OSF patients for histopathological correlation. Results: The mean salivary copper level was 27.023 μg/dl in OSF patients when compared with 8.393 μg/dl in non-OSF individuals (P < 0.005). The mean copper content in different areca nut products was 13.313 ppm (P < 0.005). Comparison of copper content in different areca nut products with salivary copper levels of OSF patients showed negative correlation (P < 0.853). Comparison of salivary copper levels between different histological grades of OSF yielded a statistically significant association between grades I and III (P < 0.005) and grades II and III OSF (P < 0.019). Comparison of copper content in areca nut products and different histological grades of OSF yielded weak negative statistical correlation (r = -0.116). Conclusion: Despite high copper content in areca nut products, the observations yielded a negative correlation with different histological grades of OSF. This further raises a doubt about the copper content in areca nut as an etiological factor for this crippling disease. © 2014 John Wiley and Sons A/S.


Arishiya Thapasum F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Susuk or charm needles are a facial cum body art widely practiced among women of Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia. These are small, needle-shaped metallic talismans inserted subcutaneously in different parts of the body. The concealed art of susuk was "exposed" by routine radiographic examination in the oral and maxillofacial region. This paper reports two such cases of unusual incidental radiographic finding in dental radiographs which were taken on a routine basis as part of the diagnostic work up. This article will also primarily enlighten the importance of radiographs in detecting such charm needles as the wearer keeps the body art a "hidden secret" thereby avoiding misdiagnosis.


Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Thapasum A.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Mohamed S.,Amrita University | Shamaz H.,Amrita University | Kumarasan R.,AIMST University
Brunei International Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Yellow lesions of the oral cavity constitute a rather common group of lesions that are encountered during routine clinical dental practice. The process of clinical diagnosis and treatment planning is of great concern to the patient as it determines the nature of future follow up care. There is a strong need for a rational and functional classification which will enable better understanding of the basic disease process, as well as in formulating a differential diagnosis. Clinical diagnostic skills and good judgment forms the key to successful management of yellow lesions of the oral cavity.


Srikar M.V.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center | Hegde S.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

Dermoid cyst is a nonodontogenic inclusion cysts lined by ectoderm. It arises as a result of entrapped ectodermal tissue of the first and second branchial arches, which fuse during the third and fourth weeks in utero or may be a variant of the thyroglossal duct cyst with ectodermal elements predominating. They appear as asymptomatic mass, slowly increasing in size and may occur anywhere on the body, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest, and upper back. Here, we report an unusual case of dermoid cyst which was located in pre auricular region which was surgically removed.


PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of maxillofacial surgery | Year: 2015

Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma is a gradually progressive, aggressive extragnathic craniofacial tumor of bone. Due to its complex histogenesis, biological behavior, histology, and classification, its nomenclature has always been the focus of debate among pathologists. Based on the clinical behavior and histology, the term psammous desmo-osteoblastoma (PDO) is an apt expression for this lesion. Immunohistochemical investigation with anti-osteonectin shows positivity for spindle cells whereas psammoma bodies are negative. These results shore up the hypothesis of osteogenic differentiation of the undifferentiated mesenchymal cells of the periodontal ligament that may be responsible for the aggressive behavior of the lesion. Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are known to be secondarily associated with primary osseous neoplasms like ossifying fibroma, giant cell granuloma, etc. We report a rare case of PDO with concomitant ABC in the mandible of a 30-year-old male patient. The present lesion had recurred at the same site of an osteolytic lesion diagnosed 7 years ago as a benign fibro-osseous lesion and treated by conservative surgical curettage. The histological presentation substantiated by special stains and immunohistochemistry point to the diagnosis of psammous desmo-osteoblastoma with a concomitant ABC. Review of the literature revealed the presentation to be rare with very few cases reported till date.


Raja J.V.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Oral health and dental management | Year: 2013

The study aimed to evaluate the association between oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and psychiatric morbidity in a controlled manner. Matched patients were divided into three groups: Those with areca nut chewing habits with OSF (Group 1; n=50); those with areca nut chewing habits without OSF (Group 2; n=50); those without areca habits and with dental problems other than OSF (Group 3; n=50). The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess psychiatric morbidity. Dependence to areca products was also assessed. Sixteen (32%) Group 1 patients had psychiatric morbidity compared to one (2%) in Group 2 and two (4%) in Group 3 (P<0.001). Further, psychiatric morbidity was significantly higher among patients with advanced stages of OSF. In Groups 1 and 2, 49 (98%) and 47 (94%) patients, respectively, had dependence on areca products. This study has suggested the association of substantial psychiatric morbidity among patients with OSF. In addition to mandatory psychiatric management of these patients, future research should be targeted at a prospective evaluation of a cause and effect relationship as well as at psychiatric interventions.


PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital And Research Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology | Year: 2013

Alteration in gustatory function among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is sparsely studied and provides contradictory findings. The objectives of the study were to evaluate taste perversion in HIV-infected subjects and compare taste acuity between patients with and without Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).Fifty HIV-infected subjects aged 25-55 years were selected and divided into two subgroups: patients with HAART and patients without HAART. Control group included 50 healthy, age-, sex-, gender-, and socioeconomic status-matched individuals. Taste complaints were recorded on a structured questionnaire, and formal taste testing was carried out with triadic forced choice whole-mouth, above-threshold taste test for four tastants - sweet, salt, sour, and bitter. Taste identification, detection threshold, and intensity of tastant were recorded.Twenty-four (48%) among study group complained of taste perversion when compared to none among the control group (P < 0.001). During taste testing, identification and intensity scores were lower, while detection threshold scores for four tastants were higher in study group than in control group (P < 0.05). Among those patients with taste complaints, 16 were with HAART, while eight were without HAART (P = 0.043). Formal taste testing revealed greater taste perversion for sour and bitter tastants among patients with HAART medication.The results document significant taste losses in HIV-infected subjects, and HAART contributes considerably to such taste perversion.


PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Oral health and dental management | Year: 2013

The study aimed to evaluate the association between oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and psychiatric morbidity in a controlled manner.Matched patients were divided into three groups: Those with areca nut chewing habits with OSF (Group 1; n=50); those with areca nut chewing habits without OSF (Group 2; n=50); those without areca habits and with dental problems other than OSF (Group 3; n=50). The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess psychiatric morbidity. Dependence to areca products was also assessed.Sixteen (32%) Group 1 patients had psychiatric morbidity compared to one (2%) in Group 2 and two (4%) in Group 3 (P<0.001). Further, psychiatric morbidity was significantly higher among patients with advanced stages of OSF. In Groups 1 and 2, 49 (98%) and 47 (94%) patients, respectively, had dependence on areca products.This study has suggested the association of substantial psychiatric morbidity among patients with OSF. In addition to mandatory psychiatric management of these patients, future research should be targeted at a prospective evaluation of a cause and effect relationship as well as at psychiatric interventions.


PubMed | Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry | Year: 2016

A space in the anterior region of the dental arch of a youngster, either due to trauma or a congenitally missing tooth, can not only lead to psychological trauma but also create a functional dilemma for the dentist, as the usual treatment options of implant, removable partial denture and fixed partial denture available for adults, are often inapplicable or inconvenient for an adolescent. In such a situation, a resin-bonded fixed partial denture (RBFPD), such as Maryland Bridge fulfills all the requirements of an ideal interim solution till growth completion is achieved and a more permanent tooth replacement option can be explored.

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