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Raja J.V.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Khan M.,Government Dental College Research Institute | Banu A.,Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital | Bhuthaiah S.,Seva Clinic
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Alteration in gustatory function among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is sparsely studied and provides contradictory findings. The objectives of the study were to evaluate taste perversion in HIV-infected subjects and compare taste acuity between patients with and without Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Materials and Methods: Fifty HIV-infected subjects aged 25-55 years were selected and divided into two subgroups: patients with HAART and patients without HAART. Control group included 50 healthy, age-, sex-, gender-, and socioeconomic status-matched individuals. Taste complaints were recorded on a structured questionnaire, and formal taste testing was carried out with triadic forced choice whole-mouth, above-threshold taste test for four tastants - sweet, salt, sour, and bitter. Taste identification, detection threshold, and intensity of tastant were recorded. Results: Twenty-four (48%) among study group complained of taste perversion when compared to none among the control group (P < 0.001). During taste testing, identification and intensity scores were lower, while detection threshold scores for four tastants were higher in study group than in control group (P < 0.05). Among those patients with taste complaints, 16 were with HAART, while eight were without HAART (P = 0.043). Formal taste testing revealed greater taste perversion for sour and bitter tastants among patients with HAART medication. Conclusion: The results document significant taste losses in HIV-infected subjects, and HAART contributes considerably to such taste perversion.© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. All rights reserved. Source


Arishiya Thapasum F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Susuk or charm needles are a facial cum body art widely practiced among women of Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia. These are small, needle-shaped metallic talismans inserted subcutaneously in different parts of the body. The concealed art of susuk was "exposed" by routine radiographic examination in the oral and maxillofacial region. This paper reports two such cases of unusual incidental radiographic finding in dental radiographs which were taken on a routine basis as part of the diagnostic work up. This article will also primarily enlighten the importance of radiographs in detecting such charm needles as the wearer keeps the body art a "hidden secret" thereby avoiding misdiagnosis. Source


Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Manohar V.,Malabar Dental College and Research Center | Jose M.,Mangalore University | Fairozekhan Thapasum A.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the copper levels in saliva of patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and different areca nut products and its correlation with different histological grades of OSF. Methods: The study comprised 60 individuals, 30 OSF patients and 30 non-OSF individuals. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected, and copper analysis was performed using colorimetric method. The commercial areca nut products used by the patients were acquired and subjected to copper analysis through the atomic absorption spectrophotometer method. Oral biopsies were performed for OSF patients for histopathological correlation. Results: The mean salivary copper level was 27.023 μg/dl in OSF patients when compared with 8.393 μg/dl in non-OSF individuals (P < 0.005). The mean copper content in different areca nut products was 13.313 ppm (P < 0.005). Comparison of copper content in different areca nut products with salivary copper levels of OSF patients showed negative correlation (P < 0.853). Comparison of salivary copper levels between different histological grades of OSF yielded a statistically significant association between grades I and III (P < 0.005) and grades II and III OSF (P < 0.019). Comparison of copper content in areca nut products and different histological grades of OSF yielded weak negative statistical correlation (r = -0.116). Conclusion: Despite high copper content in areca nut products, the observations yielded a negative correlation with different histological grades of OSF. This further raises a doubt about the copper content in areca nut as an etiological factor for this crippling disease. © 2014 John Wiley and Sons A/S. Source


Mohammed F.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Thapasum A.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Mohamed S.,Amrita University | Shamaz H.,Amrita University | Kumarasan R.,AIMST University
Brunei International Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Yellow lesions of the oral cavity constitute a rather common group of lesions that are encountered during routine clinical dental practice. The process of clinical diagnosis and treatment planning is of great concern to the patient as it determines the nature of future follow up care. There is a strong need for a rational and functional classification which will enable better understanding of the basic disease process, as well as in formulating a differential diagnosis. Clinical diagnostic skills and good judgment forms the key to successful management of yellow lesions of the oral cavity. Source


Srikar M.V.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Hegde S.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital and Research Center
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

Dermoid cyst is a nonodontogenic inclusion cysts lined by ectoderm. It arises as a result of entrapped ectodermal tissue of the first and second branchial arches, which fuse during the third and fourth weeks in utero or may be a variant of the thyroglossal duct cyst with ectodermal elements predominating. They appear as asymptomatic mass, slowly increasing in size and may occur anywhere on the body, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest, and upper back. Here, we report an unusual case of dermoid cyst which was located in pre auricular region which was surgically removed. Source

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