Dr Sampurnanand Medical College

Jodhpur, India

Dr Sampurnanand Medical College

Jodhpur, India
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Daga D.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Dana R.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Kothari N.,SRL Diagnostic
Central European Journal of Urology | Year: 2014

Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC), a subtype of RCC, accounts for 4-6% of all RCC and has better prognosis then conventional RCC. Sarcomatoid dedifferentiation is thought to represent the high-grade end of all subtypes. This makes chromophobe RCC with sarcomatoid changes a rare entity associated with poor prognosis in most studies. We present a case of a 40-year old female with this rare histology, with the tumour localised to the renal capsule, managed with nephrectomy and with close follow-up thereafter. The patient is free of disease after one year of treatment.


PubMed | Bhagwan Mahavir Cancer Hospital and Research Center and Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of mid-life health | Year: 2015

A 50-year-old female presented with fever, symmetrical arthralgias, rash, painful oral ulcerations and alopecia since 8 weeks. Examination showed mild hepatospleenomegaly. Investigations revealed leucocytosis, neutrophilia, elevated sedimentation rate and raised ferritin levels (3850 ng/ml). Computerized tomography (CT) abdomen showed hepatospleenomegaly, mild ascitis and mild bilateral pleural-effusion. After ruling out occult infections, tuberculosis, malignancies and autoimmune diseases by appropriate investigations, and due to raised ferritin levels, adult onset stills disease (AOSD) was diagnosed. Patient responded to oral steroids initially, but after 7 days developed severe abdominal pain. Repeat CT showed multiple enlarged, necrotic and matted retroperitoneal lymph nodes with caseating granuloma on histopathology suggesting tuberculosis. Patient was given four-drug anti-tubercular treatment and she improved. Thus our patient of occult abdominal tuberculosis with reactive arthritis (Poncets disease) presented with hyperferritinemia mimicking AOSD. We postulate that extreme hyperferritinemia can be seen in tuberculosis and tuberculosis must be conclusively ruled out before diagnosing AOSD in tropics.


Goswami A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Bhargava N.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Dadhich S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Kulamarva G.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, regardless of its etiology but the mechanism of hyperinsulinemia in cirrhosis is still unclear. The current study was designed to assess hyperinsulinemia and pancreatic β-cell function in euglycemic cirrhosis of varied etiology. Methods A cross sectional case control study of 100 subjects. IR was assessed by the Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index in euglycemic cirrhosis of varied etiology and in different stages of cirrhosis. HOMA-β was calculated for insulin secretion ability of pancreatic β-cells in different stages of cirrhosis. Results Overall IR in euglycemic cirrhosis was seen in 68.5%. IR was seen in the order hepatitis C (100%), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (100%), autoimmune hepatitis (100%), hepatocellular carcinoma (80%), alcoholic liver disease (72%) and hepatitis B (45%). HOMA-IR value was raised in Child Turcotte Pugh (CTP) score >9 (P value 0.0004) and model of end stage liver disease (MELD) score >15 (P value 0.02). HOMA-β was raised in CTP score >9 (P value 0.02) and MELD score >15 (P value 0.0003). HOMA-β level among diabetic controls was 27.1±7.7 compared to 154.6±80.7 in euglycemic cases (P value <0.0001). Conclusion IR is common in euglycemic cirrhosis and with advancement of liver disease; there is a compensatory increase in pancreatic β-cell insulin secretion to overcome the IR. However, over a period of time with fall in β-cell function development of hepatogenous diabetes may occur. © 2014 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


Bhargava A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Banakar B.F.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Pujar G.S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Khichar S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice | Year: 2014

Background: Focused studies on cranial neuropathy in Guillain-Barrι syndrome (GBS) and its prognostic implication are not done previously. Aim: To study the clinical profile of GBS patients with special reference to cranial neuropathy and its prognostic implication. Materials and Methods: The study included 61 patients with GB syndrome, fulfilling Asbury Cornblath's criteria for GB syndrome. A pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain data regarding demographic profile and clinical profile. All patients underwent detailed neurological examination, investigations including nerve conduction studies and CSF examination and treated according to the severity of the illness. Patients were followed up for 6 months. During analysis two groups were made depending on cranial nerve involvement, and compared with respect to various parameters. Results: Out of 61 patients 38 (62.3%) patients had cranial nerve palsies, in that 25 had multiple cranial nerve palsies, and 13 had single isolated nerve palsy. A majority of 30 (49.2%) had bulbar palsy, 28 (46%) had facial nerve palsy, and all had bilateral involvement except 3 patients who had unilateral palsy. Hypoglossal nerve involvement was seen in six (10%) patients and four (6.5%) patients had ophthalmoplegia. Only one had bilateral vestibulocochlear nerve palsy. On comparing various clinico-electrophysiological parameters among patients of GB syndrome with and without cranial nerve involvement, the presence of respiratory paralysis, IVIg and ventilatory support requirement had significant association with cranial nerve involvement in GBS. Conclusion: Our study found a correlation between cranial nerve palsies and severity of the illness. Cranial nerve innervated muscles recover earlier as compared to distal limb muscles. No association was found between outcome at 6 months and cranial nerve involvement.


Goswami A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Dadhich S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Bhargava N.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Indian Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background and Objective: Narrow band imaging endoscopy with magnification (NBI-ME) has already been established in Barrett’s esophagus, stomach, and colonic mucosa, but limited work has been done in the mucosal evaluation of duodenum. A study was done to determine the correlation between NBI and histology in grading villous architecture in varied etiology.Method: A prospective observational study comprising 105 subjects with suspected malabsorption. The presence of a diagnosed celiac disease, severe life threatening comorbidity, or pregnancy was considered as exclusion criteria. Standard endoscopy (SE), NBI-ME, multiple duodenal biopsies with histopathological examination were done in all.Results: Fifty-one patients had celiac disease while 54 patients comprised mainly functional dyspepsia, iron deficiency anemia, tropical malabsorption syndrome, and irritable bowel syndrome. Four NBI-ME image subtypes of villous morphology have been proposed (NBI type I/II/III/IV). NBI-ME had 95 % sensitivity, 90.2 % specificity, 91.2 % positive predictive value, and 94.2 % negative predictive value for diagnosing altered villous morphology. Intraobserver kappa agreement coefficient (κ) for NBI-ME was 0.83 while interobserver agreement was 0.89 (95 % CI 0.8–0.97).Conclusion: NBI-ME has good performance characteristics and very good kappa intra/interobserver agreement coefficient for varied subtypes of villous morphology. NBI-ME is most useful for obtaining a targeted biopsy which can be missed by conventional white light endoscopy. © 2014, Indian Society of Gastroenterology.


Dadhich S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Goswami A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Jain V.K.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Gahlot A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background Alteration of cardiovascular functions in patients with liver cirrhosis has been described and it correlates with severity of hepatic failure. But cardiac functions by conventional 2-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography has limitations. The aim of the study was to evaluate cardiac systolic and diastolic functions in liver cirrhosis patients with or without ascites by tissue Doppler imaging and conventional 2-D- echocardiography. Methods A cross sectional case control study of sixty patients. Twenty subjects grouped as healthy controls, pre-ascitic cirrhosis and cirrhosis with ascites were enrolled. Cardiac evaluation was done by both conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Results Cirrhosis with portal hypertension is associated with increased heart rate, ejection fraction and mean peak systolic velocity, while mean arterial pressure is decreased. All cardiac chamber dilation occurs and is mostly seen in the left atrium. Ratio of early diastolic annular velocity to peak early diastolic annular wave velocity (E/e') was the most significant marker for diastolic dysfunction. E/e' ratio was 7.76±0.40, 12.55±1.73 and 11.4±1.19 in healthy controls, pre ascitic cirrhosis and ascitic cirrhosis respectively (P<0.0001). Overall Type I and II Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was present in 70% cirrhotic patient with or without ascites, while there were no cases of Type III (Severe) diastolic dysfunction. Conclusion Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is commonly associated with advancement of hepatic dysfunction while systolic function is maintained till advanced hepatic failure. Peak early diastolic wave velocity, deceleration time and E/e' ratio for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction are accurately assessed by pulsed tissue Doppler imaging. © 2014 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


Goswami A.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Dadhich S.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College | Bhargava N.,Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Annals of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background Colonic involvement in amebic liver abscess (ALA) occurs in more than half of the patients. However no studies have found any association between the site of the colonic lesions and location of abscesses in the liver. Thus, the present study was designed to find the correlation between colonic involvement in solitary and multiple ALAs. Methods This is a case control study of 80 patients allocated in two groups, the first with solitary (controls) and the second with multiple ALAs (cases). Colonoscopy was performed in all patients enrolled in the study. Results Solitary ALA was seen in 70% of patients whereas multiple ALAs in 30%. Colonic involvement in the form of erythema, inflammation and ulceration was seen in 77.5% of cases of ALA. 71.4% cases of solitary ALA had colonic lesions compared to 91.6% cases of multiple ALAs (P=0.02). Most of the patients with multiple ALAs had involvement of the transverse and right colon (75%). Involvement of right colon was present in all patients with colonic involvement. A significant involvement of the right and transverse colon was seen in cases of multiple compared to solitary ALA (P<0.0001). Conclusion Colonic involvement is present in more than two thirds of patients with ALA. When colonic involvement is present, right colon lesion is universally present. Colonic involvement may extend beyond hepatic flexure in patients with multiple amebic ALAs, either involving right hepatic lobe or both lobes. © 2014 Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology.


PubMed | Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of gastroenterology : quarterly publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Alteration of cardiovascular functions in patients with liver cirrhosis has been described and it correlates with severity of hepatic failure. But cardiac functions by conventional 2-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography has limitations. The aim of the study was to evaluate cardiac systolic and diastolic functions in liver cirrhosis patients with or without ascites by tissue Doppler imaging and conventional 2-D- echocardiography.A cross sectional case control study of sixty patients. Twenty subjects grouped as healthy controls, pre-ascitic cirrhosis and cirrhosis with ascites were enrolled. Cardiac evaluation was done by both conventional Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiography.Cirrhosis with portal hypertension is associated with increased heart rate, ejection fraction and mean peak systolic velocity, while mean arterial pressure is decreased. All cardiac chamber dilation occurs and is mostly seen in the left atrium. Ratio of early diastolic annular velocity to peak early diastolic annular wave velocity (E/e) was the most significant marker for diastolic dysfunction. E/e ratio was 7.760.40, 12.551.73 and 11.41.19 in healthy controls, pre ascitic cirrhosis and ascitic cirrhosis respectively (P<0.0001). Overall Type I and II Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was present in 70% cirrhotic patient with or without ascites, while there were no cases of Type III (Severe) diastolic dysfunction.Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is commonly associated with advancement of hepatic dysfunction while systolic function is maintained till advanced hepatic failure. Peak early diastolic wave velocity, deceleration time and E/e ratio for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction are accurately assessed by pulsed tissue Doppler imaging.


PubMed | Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of gastroenterology : quarterly publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, regardless of its etiology but the mechanism of hyperinsulinemia in cirrhosis is still unclear. The current study was designed to assess hyperinsulinemia and pancreatic -cell function in euglycemic cirrhosis of varied etiology.A cross sectional case control study of 100 subjects. IR was assessed by the Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index in euglycemic cirrhosis of varied etiology and in different stages of cirrhosis. HOMA- was calculated for insulin secretion ability of pancreatic -cells in different stages of cirrhosis.Overall IR in euglycemic cirrhosis was seen in 68.5%. IR was seen in the order hepatitis C (100%), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (100%), autoimmune hepatitis (100%), hepatocellular carcinoma (80%), alcoholic liver disease (72%) and hepatitis B (45%). HOMA-IR value was raised in Child Turcotte Pugh (CTP) score >9 (P value 0.0004) and model of end stage liver disease (MELD) score >15 (P value 0.02). HOMA- was raised in CTP score >9 (P value 0.02) and MELD score >15 (P value 0.0003). HOMA- level among diabetic controls was 27.17.7 compared to 154.680.7 in euglycemic cases (P value <0.0001).IR is common in euglycemic cirrhosis and with advancement of liver disease; there is a compensatory increase in pancreatic -cell insulin secretion to overcome the IR. However, over a period of time with fall in -cell function development of hepatogenous diabetes may occur.


PubMed | Dr Sampurnanand Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of gastroenterology : quarterly publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The aim of the study was to evaluate HBV immunization status and anti-HBs titer among HCWs.AntiHBs titer was prospectively examined in all vaccinated of the 464 HCWs enrolled. A comparison was done between two groups who had received vaccination within or beyond 5 years (Group A >5 years, Group B <5 years) and also between those who received a booster dose, Group I (<1 year) and Group II (>1 year).49.6% HCWs were vaccinated, 46.1% were unvaccinated, and 4.3% were partially vaccinated. Among HCWs, doctors had the highest vaccination rate of 92.5%, followed by medical students (62.4%), nursing staff (41.6%), technical staff (24.2%), administrative staff (12.1%), nursing students (8.5%), and grade IV/laundry staff (0%). Of the vaccinated HCWs, 30% had anti-HBs titer <10 mIU/mL, 10.8% between 10-100 mIU/mL, and 59.2% >100 mIU/mL. Mean anti-HBs titer between groups A and B was 334.8 and 649.2 mIU/mL, respectively (P<0.05); mean anti-HBs titer between groups I and II was 1742.7 and 629.2 mIU, respectively (P<0.002).A significant proportion of HCWs is unvaccinated. A fair proportion of fully vaccinated HCWs can have low titers to protect them against HBV infection. Measuring anti-HBs titer, administering a booster dose, and offering general screening for HBs antigen should be made compulsory for HCWs.

Loading Dr Sampurnanand Medical College collaborators
Loading Dr Sampurnanand Medical College collaborators